Construction of a limestone garden path

Construction of a limestone garden path


Dignity

  • A relatively inexpensive material widely available in garden centers and roadside markets. As a rule, you can buy it somewhere near your site and not overpay for delivery.
  • Unlike concrete paving elements, natural stone is quite uniform in quality.
  • The best price / durability ratio in frosty winters. Compared to inexpensive concrete tiles and paving blocks, the stone has a lower porosity, it absorbs moisture less and does not crumble after freezing.

Disadvantages

  • Inexpensive sandstone varieties are painted in a monotonous gray color, interesting shades are much more expensive in price.
  • From a design point of view, flagstone paving is a rather commonplace solution, and it does not suit every garden.
  • Naturally shaped slabs will have to be cut a lot to fit them together and align the edges of the tracks.
  • If you lay the flagstone on a dry mixture, it will not be possible to make the paths very narrow and winding: there will be many small pieces of stone along the edges of the path, which will not stick to the binder mixture due to the small adhesion area.

Purchase of paving stone for garden paths

Texture. For paths and areas, it is best to choose flagstone with a smooth, rough surface. Slabs with a "ragged" surface (lumpy, notched, grooved) are mainly suitable for cladding: their beautiful relief is formed as a result of chemical weathering: individual components of the stone react with substances dissolved in water and are washed out. Without protection with a water repellent composition, such a stone will continue to collapse. For paths where the protective layer is quickly erased and which take rain load, it is better not to use such stones.

Thickness. The optimum stone thickness for traditional dry mix paving is 40 mm or more. It is recommended to lay stone slabs up to 40 mm thick in a different way: on a concrete base, on a mortar, like interior tiles. At the same time, the stone itself will be cheaper, but preparatory work and laying are incomparably more expensive than paving with a dry mixture. In addition, the solution will inevitably stain the front surface of the slabs in some places, and if it grabs a little, it is almost impossible to clean the stone. To lay the stone on the mortar, you need to protect its front surface with a special compound from which the cement is washed off, and this is expensive. The best option is to buy 40–60 mm thick flagstone. This thickness of the stone (and hence the seam filled with a cement-sand mixture) is sufficient for the stone to hold firmly during "dry" laying.

Number. If the stone is sold in tons, use a simple calculation formula: one ton is enough to pave about 10 square meters. m when buying a stone with a thickness of 40-60 mm.

What you need for flagstone paving

  • Flagstone. 1 ton per 10 sq. m of paving.
  • Geotextile fabric. This material is difficult to cut, it is more convenient to take a roll that is close in width to the parameter of your tracks. Number of running meters: track length multiplied by 2.
  • Crushed stone or a mixture of crushed stone with sand. Required quantity in cubic meters m: paving area multiplied by 0.2.
  • Cement-sand mixture. 1500-1600 kg per 10 sq. m of paving.
  • Grinder and diamond grinding wheels for stone and concrete.
  • Rubber mallet.
  • Soft mop.

How to work when laying limestone

1. Remove the sod and dig out the bed of the track in the ground. The depth of the bed is usually 20-15 cm. If a rigid curb is installed (which is always welcome), the path can be raised higher, respectively, the depth of the bed is reduced by 3-5 cm.

2. If the soil is clayey, it is recommended to water and tamp the bottom of the bed. This will provide additional protection against shrinkage.

3. We line the bottom of the bed with the first layer of geotextile [1]... The material must be distributed along the length without assemblies and folds, otherwise it will lose its main function - to take the load, protecting the soil under the roadway from subsidence. If a turn is required, the geotextile is cut and overlapped. To reduce the number of cuts (cutting geo-fabric is quite laborious), you can turn the panel inward on the sides.

4. Fall asleep crushed stone pillow [2]... The optimum height is 15 cm. On rarely used paths (with light load) or on sandy soil, to save money, you can reduce the height of the pillow (and, accordingly, the depth of the bed) by 5–7 cm. We ram the crushed stone. With a bubble level, we measure its surface after tamping, level it in those places where hillocks and depressions have formed.

5. We lay the second layer of geotextile [3] similar to the previous one.

6. On top of the geotextile, pour a layer of cement-sand mixture [4] 5–7 cm high. Slightly level, for example, with a board.

7. We begin to lay stone slabs [5]... To align them, we sink the protruding corners into the cement-sand mixture, tapping them with a mallet. It is more convenient and economical in terms of material consumption to first lay out large slabs, leaving small "windows" where it is not possible to fit them close to each other, then saw small tiles from the scraps to fill in the gaps.

8. We fill the seams between the paving elements [6] dry cement-sand mixture. To do this, simply pour the mixture over the laid plates and rub it into the seams. It is convenient to sweep it up with a regular soft-bristled mop. The procedure is repeated until the joints are evenly filled and the surface of the stone is relatively clean.

9. Spill the paving surface with a gentle stream from a hose with a splitter nozzle. The pressure of water should be sufficient to wash off the remnants of the mixture from the surface of the stone, but not to knock it out of the seams. The mixture must be evenly moist and the paving must be clean. After that, cover the path with plastic wrap for two days: the cement must set while remaining wet, otherwise it will not gain sufficient strength. After 5-7 days, you can start walking along the path.

Illustrations to the material: Shutterstock / TASS, Yulia Kaptelova, drawing by Yulia Popova


Garden paths

How to make a garden path correctly so that it is not only beautiful, but also functional. After all, the garden path is the most important part of the landscape design of the site, which performs not only practical, but also aesthetic functions. It can be stone, wood, soil or gravel. Each coating has its pros and cons, which we will describe in detail in our materials.

In addition, we suggest that you learn how to make a garden path with your own hands, how to plan and lay it correctly. In the material Garden path: combining materials, you can see options for garden paths using various technologies, "try on" them to your site and choose the most suitable option for your garden. If you have already bought ready-made tiles, then watch the garden path from paving slabs master class.

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Limestone garden path

Natural stone is one of the most popular paving materials. Inexpensive limestone varieties.

Garden path from paving slabs

Perhaps the most popular type of coatings for garden paths builders call dryly: “concrete.

Garden path: combining materials. Photo

For garden paths, several materials are often used at the same time or one material is different.

Alteration of a wooden path

Reconstruction of a wooden walkway. At first it was a little scary that the wooden path should be.

Garden paths: good solutions. Photo

We do not think about the garden path first of all. But in vain. The track on the lot plays one.

Road surface

All paths, even regular paths, are classified by type of surface. Road surfaces are divided into two.

Selecting a garden path profile

An important detail in the design of a garden path is the choice of a longitudinal and transverse profile.

Garden paths

Paths are one of the most important and complex elements of landscape design. First, the tracks are connected.


Tools and materials required for work

  • pegs and rope
  • tape measure
  • level
  • shovel
  • manual vibrating rammer
  • container for making mixtures
  • Master OK
  • Bulgarian
  • casting hammer
  • mallet with rubber attachment
  • brush.

It is not at all necessary to buy all this. Of course, the grinder may come in handy in the future, but the tamping machine, if you do not seriously engage in construction work, is unlikely to be used often on the farm.

Such a tool can be rented.

  • flagstone
  • cement
  • sand
  • water
  • rubble
  • curbs.


We make garden paths from natural stone

Before you start laying a summer cottage yourself, you should decide not only on the type of stone, but also on the method of laying, as well as calculate the costs that await you when buying limestone and other materials necessary for laying.

1 way. Laying tracks on a sand cushion

Garden paths made of stone should be laid on the base, observing the following rules:

  1. We dig a trench under the path (remove the fertile layer to clay (20-40 cm)
  2. We lay geotextiles
  3. We pour crushed stone (7-10 cm)
  4. Geotextile layer again
  5. Sand (10-12 cm).

It is important to compactly tamp each layer of crushed stone and sand with a tamper.

Next, flagstone is laid on the compacted and leveled sand. The laying technology can be viewed here.

One of the difficult stages is the selection of material from the drawing. The stone has uneven edges, therefore, before digging a trench under the path, it is worth determining not only its width, but also outline how the flagstone will be located on the garden path. It is better to do this in advance, if necessary, cut off uneven corners. This will greatly simplify the task in the future. If necessary, you can sign where which stones will be located.

Each stone is compacted with a hammer and checked with a level. Then fine sand generously wakes up between the seams, spills with water (in order to seal) and the remains are swept away with a hard broom.

Method 2: Paving country paths in an arbitrary way.

An arbitrary method involves laying the stone in the form of islands. Such a layout of natural stone in the country looks very advantageous among lawn grass and other vegetation.

Sometimes, designers combine large stones with pebbles or gravel. In any case, the arbitrary way of laying does not mean that you can simply put a stone on the lawn and wait for it to be compacted.

For such a laying of the track, as well as for other methods, careful preparation is required. We make the same pillow, dig a trench to the loam, remove the fertile layer of earth, fill it with sand. Only the seams between the stones are wide. They are covered with fertile soil and sown with lawn grass.

If this kind of paving is done without observing the technologies for laying a garden path on a pillow, then after a while the stones will lead from the heaving of the soil and the path will become uneven and not tidy, or even go deep into the ground.

Method 3: Laying a garden path made of stone on a concrete base

It is a little more difficult to make a concrete base for a flagstone with your own hands. In addition to the sand cushion, formwork and concrete mix are being prepared. Read all the nuances and details of making a concrete base here.
Further, flagstone is laid out on the already hardened concrete with the help of a special adhesive base - tile glue or cement-sand mixture.

According to reviews, tile glue holds better than DSP, however, a lot of glue under the flagstone is required due to irregularities - and this pleasure is not cheap.


Advantages and disadvantages of different tracks

Each type of track coverage has its own disadvantages and advantages, which should be taken into account when arranging a personal plot.

Rubber garden paths

In the simplest case (conveyor belt), this is the cheapest track option. However, the conveyor belt has a significant drawback: when wet, its surface becomes slippery. However, today some enterprises produce special roll tracks from rubber - a product of recycling old car tires. This material has an anti-slip surface.

Concrete garden paths

This option is considered the most durable. After all, concrete is resistant to weathering, mechanical and abrasive influences. Moreover, it can look beautiful and aesthetically pleasing. After all, it does not have to be a solid gray screed. Tiles for garden paths are very diverse. In addition, there are special stencils on sale into which you can pour concrete yourself. If you wish, you can make them with your own hands, using the materials at hand. Moreover, if pouring is carried out in the cold season, then it is necessary to use special additives to impart elasticity - plasticizers.

Garden paths made of wood

They are quite popular with those summer residents who seek to reunite with nature and return to their roots. The main problem with such tracks is the relatively short life of the material. The main advantage is availability and low cost. Very often, due to their cheapness and practicality, garden paths made of boards are arranged in vegetable gardens between the beds.

Garden paths made of stone or sandstone flagstone

They look very stylish. Provide room for creativity, since the material is very diverse. Long lasting. But the disadvantage of smooth natural stone is that it is slippery when wet. In addition, such material is not cheap. Of course, you can collect it in natural conditions, but in most cases the law prohibits this and imposes large fines for the destruction of the natural landscape. Therefore, for those who want to make cheap garden paths on their site, this option is not suitable.

Brick paths

Garden paths are often laid out of old bricks. In this case, white (silicate) brick is not used. The advantage of such material is its availability, low cost and ease of processing (you can simply beat off the excess with a hammer). Brick is not only red, but also yellow. This allows you to do something like a mosaic. You can lay it either simply on the sand or on the mortar.

Garden paths are often covered with coarse sand, small pebbles, and even shells. And also other bulk materials can be used. Such options fit perfectly into any landscape, do not slip, as they pass water well, and, most importantly, are quite simple to perform. The disadvantage is the need to periodically level the coating, as well as add material that is carried by the wind or during operation.

Grass paths for summer cottages

Grassy garden paths deserve special attention. Such a design move looks impressive in the corresponding landscape, but has some peculiarities. Chief among them is the need to use special grass for the sports turf. It has good resistance to various loads.

During the construction of such a path in the garden, you can either sow the grass yourself, or buy a ready-made roll lawn. In any case, you will need to follow the rules for arranging the lawn and caring for it.The disadvantage of this option can be considered a low suitability for walking after heavy rainfall, as well as the need for periodic haircuts and watering.

The use of materials at hand (boards, old bricks, and so on) allows you to achieve an inexpensive garden path that embodies interesting design solutions.


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