After you have purchased and prepared the seeds of your favorite varieties for the next summer season, it's time to think about how to organize their storage. Five simple ideas will help protect seed from external influences and provide easy access to your seed collection.
Organizer with small compartments
This type of container is sold in clothing stores, on the Internet on AliExpress and Ozon. They can be found in the "Organizers" or "Storage cases" sections.
Such a case is quite easy to make with your own hands.
You will need any cardboard box with a lid and thick paper to divide the inner space into cells.
Baby food cans
In glass jars with a screw cap, the seeds are reliably protected from dampness, so in winter they can be placed not only in the apartment, but also in the country.
But there is one important nuance: only well-dried seeds can be placed in such jars, otherwise mold will appear.
Containers with metal lids also reliably protect grain from small pests and rodents.
Sealed sealed bags
Small plastic zip bags will take up the least amount of space in your storage.
The clasp consists of two plastic strips, one of which is pressed into the other, preventing the contents from spilling out.
Advantages of zip bags: wide range of sizes, easy closure, reusability, low cost.
This is the simplest budgetary way to store seed. All possible options are suitable: small souvenir, postal envelopes, tea bag wrappers, homemade from newspapers or old notebooks.
Seeds in paper packaging should be stored in a dry place. For added moisture protection, envelopes can be waxed.
Having previously divided the seed by type and manufacturer, the bags are fastened with an elastic band or a money clip.
Binder with files divided into parts
Storage in files allows you to see the entire collection of seeds. With this method of placement, it is possible to attach notes with observations and recommendations for growing each type of plants to files for seed bags.
The files are not sealed. Polyethylene protects against moisture loss, and breathing of seeds is carried out through the pocket.
Standard A4 files can be split into 4 smaller pockets by making a dividing line with a soldering iron or tape, or using photo albums as an alternative storage.
How to make the cheapest DIY fence for a summer residence?
- 1 What are the features of the suburban fence
- 2 Requirements for fences on the site
- 3 Wooden fences
- 4 Living fencing
- 5 Budget options for fences from improvised means
- 5.1 Fence from facade mesh
- 6 Inexpensive metal fences
- 6.1 Fence from a chain-link mesh
- 7 Fencing made of euroshtaketnik
- 8 Railings from profile sheet
- 9 Fences made of polyvinyl chloride
- 10 Photo grid for fencing
- 11 Video about a budget fence for a summer residence
- 11.1 Conclusion
Construction work in the country begins with the construction of the fence for the garden plot. When all the funds are planned for the construction of residential, outbuildings, and for the improvement of the territory, then you can fence your site relatively inexpensively. But a cheap fence from budget options does not mean that it is of poor quality. A large assortment of various building materials allows you to build an inexpensive and beautiful fence.
Small cottages are fenced with mesh or wood fences. When the territory is over 10 acres, then a fence made of a wooden or metal euroshtaketnik is suitable. But large dachas are fenced with profiled sheet fences.
If building materials are idle in the country or they are left from the construction of a house, then the fence made of the remains will undoubtedly become the cheapest in cost. Calculating how much the materials cost you earlier is no longer worth it. When making a fence with your own hands, the money spent will pay off. From the remains, you can build both a stone, brick, and wooden fence. If the cut trees were not taken to the landfill, then you can build such a cheap, but very creative and stylish fence:
It is enough to cut the log into pieces, treat it with anti-corrosion and antistatic agents - and the fence will last more than one five-year period. These are, for the most part, private cases, since it is rare for anyone today to have building materials just like that on the site. Usually you have to buy material for the fence or order the fence "turnkey" from private traders or from construction companies.
Home care for araucaria
Temperature, humidity, lighting
The temperature of the room in which the araucaria is grown should be about 20 ° C in summer and no more than 15 ° C, and preferably 10 ° C in winter. If you have a glazed loggia, preferably heated, the best solution would be to take the araucaria there in winter. In summer, the plant must be placed outdoors - in a personal plot, balcony or loggia.
It is important to maintain a high humidity in the room where the araucaria is grown. As mentioned above, dry air leads to yellowing and death of needle leaves. To maintain the necessary moisture, the plant can be periodically sprayed with a spray bottle.
Araucaria does not like direct sunlight, diffused light and partial shade are best suited for the plant. To form an even crown, the tree must be turned from time to time relative to the light source.
Watering and fertilizing
It is necessary to water the araucaria as the earthen coma dries out, in the summer with a frequency of two to three times a week, in the winter a little less often. For irrigation, it is better to use soft, settled water at room temperature.
Araucaria can be fertilized with an ordinary complex mineral fertilizer for indoor plants in the spring and summer. The amount of fertilizer should be halved relative to the amount for other plants. In winter, fertilization and feeding are not required.
Soil and transplant
For araucaria, a universal soil for houseplants, half mixed with acidic soil for azaleas and rhododendrons, is suitable. It is also possible to independently prepare the soil: one part of sand and peat, two parts of leaf and turf soil. It is also possible to grow araucaria using hydroponics.
A plant transplant is rarely carried out, about once every four to five years. When transplanting, it is very important not to damage the root system of the araucaria and monitor the level of the ground in the pot, in no case raising it relative to the previous one. Plant pots should be wide and tall enough with good drainage.
At home, propagating araucaria is quite difficult; it is best to buy a rooted plant in florist shops. Breeding methods for araucaria - cuttings, seeds, grafting. The most common and simple of them is propagation by cuttings. In the spring-summer period, a semi-lignified apical cutting is cut off, dried in the shade for about a day, the cuts are cleaned and planted in wet sand or peat-sand mixture. From above, the cuttings are covered with a transparent container with a hole for ventilation (the cut off top from a plastic bottle), periodically watered and sprayed. Rooting occurs approximately two months after planting the cuttings.
Pests and care problems
Pests living on araucaria are aphids, mealybugs, pests of conifers.
- Yellowing and falling off of needles - excessive dryness of the air, high air temperature, lack of watering.
- Thin, elongated shoots - lack of nutrients in the soil.
- Slowdown in plant growth - lack of calcium and nutrients in the soil.
The apple tree enchants and makes you happy
In March, I often wake up very early with an incomprehensible sense of happiness. It appears as soon as I open my eyes and see through the window the first rays of the rising sun through the crowns of trees in my apple orchard. The first minutes do not leave me with snatches of sleep, I still continue to walk in the awakening spring garden, conduct a dialogue with my grandchildren, and I understand that I really have a reason for happiness.
- Grandpa, when will we start to vaccinate in the garden? - the real voice of the early awakened grandson, the fifth-grader, with whom in the evening we were sorting out the parcel with the sent apple cuttings, can be heard.
- Grandpa, why did you order only cuttings of North American varieties of apple trees this year? And last year we only grafted Belarusian varieties, have you fallen out of love with our old folk varieties Antonovka and Anis? - the grandson-high school student added a question.
- But try these apples, which are stored in our basement until March and ask grandfather to write a new article about the late varieties of apple trees that he learned to grow in our north, - said the grandmother and handed her grandchildren a basket with large bright apples of the American variety Enterprise and the Belarusian variety Imant.
So today, having woken up completely, I sat down to write new articles for a book about our paradise ecological garden. And, of course, the first article about the apple tree.
Lady fairy garden vegetable garden in contact
Organic seedlings and houseplant feed
Category: Growing eggplants, Growing greens, Growing cabbage, Growing cucumbers, Growing peppers, Growing tomatoes (tomatoes), Vegetables, Soil preparation Expand text ...
As you know, the best way to get good seedlings or healthy indoor plants is to choose the right soil. But not everyone has the time to mix the components in different proportions, freeze or ignite the potting mix. Often the policy is as follows - we will buy, we will plant, and then we will feed, if that ...
Feeding is easy! Moreover, you can prepare several options for organic dressings, as they say, without leaving the checkout. The summer resident is able to create top dressing even for their kitchen waste. Eggshells, potato peels, sugar, banana skins, coffee grounds - it's all about.
In our description, we will move from the most popular and effective to the most controversial. Go…
Top dressing with infusion of bird droppings
This option is used by almost every gardener, as soon as he notices problems with his seedlings.
The infusion is prepared as follows: the droppings and water are taken in a 2: 1 ratio and left to ferment for 2-3 days in a sealed container. Immediately before feeding, the infusion is diluted 10 times.
The main thing is to know and always remember that fertilizer from manure is mostly nitrogen, which means it provokes the growth of green mass. This top dressing is good as the very first one. She will undoubtedly help seedlings or indoor flowers to start growing. Subsequently, if you do not see signs of nitrogen starvation in plants (stuntedness, pallor or yellowishness of the leaves, soft stem), there is nothing to feed with nitrogen.
Fertilization with poultry droppings can be useful: for all vegetable crops as a first top dressing, ficuses, palms, citrus fruits, dieffenbachia, monstera.
Another type of top dressing that is popular with supporters of natural farming. Wood or straw ash in organic farming is considered one of the best sources of potassium and phosphorus, respectively, feeding with an ash infusion of seedlings or flowers is an excellent assistant in stimulating flowering and fruiting.
The recipe for the infusion is simple: 1 tablespoon of ash for 2 liters of hot water. Top dressing is infused for 24 hours, then filtered.
Fertilization with ash can be useful: for all vegetable crops and houseplants.
Banana skins as fertilizer
Banana peels (like the bananas themselves) are high in potassium.
therefore, many summer residents are in no hurry to throw away the skins, but use them as home fertilizer.
Someone dries a banana peel by a battery, then grinds it into powder, adds it to the soil when planting and forgets about potash dressing.
Someone insists banana skins in water (peel from 2-3 bananas in a three-liter jar of water, leave for three days, then strain), and then pour the resulting infusion of the plant.
Banana peel fertilizer can be useful for: tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, roses, ferns, cyclamens, begonias, violets and other home flowers. The latter are usually fed at the budding stage to ensure a wild and long bloom.
Egg shell infusion as fertilizer
Eggshells are a treasure trove of trace elements. Most summer residents carefully collect the shells all winter, so that they can be composted or scattered around the garden before the season begins. But shells can also help at the stage of growing seedlings. If you soak it in water, in the process of decomposition, hydrogen sulfide begins to be released, which scares us off with a disgusting smell, but it perfectly stimulates plants to grow and develop.
The eggshell infusion is prepared as follows: crushed shells of 3-4 eggs are taken for three liters of warm water and infused under a loosely closed lid in a dark place for three days. Signs of readiness of fertilizer - turbidity of the infusion and the appearance of a specific odor.
Eggshell fertilizer can be useful for: eggplants, tomatoes, peppers, palms, lemons, laurels, cypresses, petunias, zamioculcas, dieffenbachia.
Coffee grounds as fertilizer
Coffee lovers who are not too lazy to dry the spent coffee grounds, mix it with soil before sowing seeds for seedlings or transplanting indoor plants. Coffee loosens the soil well, improves its water permeability and brings with it macro- and microelements, especially nitrogen.
It is highly recommended to add coffee grounds to the soil for seedlings of tomatoes and eggplants.
Some gardeners are afraid to use coffee because they are sure that coffee will acidify the soil. However, this is a myth. Unprocessed coffee can increase the acidity of the soil, and roasted and already used for its intended purpose has a reaction close to neutral.
Fertilizing coffee grounds can be useful for: tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants, roses, azaleas, camellias, hydrangeas, ferns, rhododendrons.
Onion husk fertilization
Gardeners are very fond of onion husks for the two-in-one effect. Watering or spraying with onion husk infusion is not only a full-fledged feeding for seedlings and flowers, but also a measure to combat unwanted microorganisms.
Onion dressing is prepared from 20 grams of husk in five liters of warm water, which is infused for 4 days, and then filtered.
Top dressing with onion peel infusion can be useful for all vegetable crops, especially tomatoes.
Top dressing with a decoction of potatoes or potato peels
It is not for nothing that plants accumulate starch in their seeds, bulbs and tubers. Starch is a kind of "storehouse of nutrients in reserve". It is this law of nature that summer residents use when feeding seedlings with a decoction in which potatoes were cooked. Or, specially for these purposes, purification is boiled.
Potato fertilizer can be beneficial for all crops and houseplants.
Sugar is energy in its purest form, not only for humans. Plants are also "sweet tooth" and once a week you can pamper them with a sweet tooth.
To do this, a teaspoon of sugar is scattered right over the surface of the earth in a pot, and then simply water the plant. Or pour it over with sweet water (2 teaspoons of sugar in a glass of water).
Since plants mainly need glucose from sugar, someone uses glucose tablets directly as fertilizer, which are sold in pharmacies. To prepare top dressing, one tablet is diluted in a glass of water. Feeding with glucose is carried out once a month, not more often.
Sugar fertilization can be beneficial for all indoor plants, especially cacti.
What else do amateur gardeners feed their mini-garden on the windowsill? For instance:
diluted in water with aloe juice (aloe juice works great as a stimulant for seed germination, which means it will not fail as a top dressing)
water left over from soaking peas, lentils, beans, other legumes, and even cereals (principle here, fast.
fresh or dry yeast (we wrote in detail about yeast dressings in the previous article)
toothpaste (at the rate of 1/3 tube per liter of warm water, a very original way of feeding, suitable for plants that do not like acidic soils).
How effective are organic feeding from "scrap materials"?
Gardeners have no unequivocal opinion on this topic, and probably the debate over the appropriateness of home organic fertilizing of seedlings and indoor flowers will never subside. Ardent supporters of folk recipes will continue to insist on eggshells and potato peelings, and their implacable opponents will once again go to the store for a bag of ready-made industrial fertilizer. Everyone is free to choose the most convenient and suitable option for themselves.
The authorship of the Enchanting variety belongs to the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants. Michurin. S. P. Yakovlev, N. I. Saveliev, V. V. Chivilev worked on the creation of the pear. Expand text ... varieties Talgar beauty and Daughter of Dawn were taken as parents.
Pear Extravaganza was included in the State Register of Plants of the Russian Federation in 2006.
The tree is medium-sized, with a slightly drooping, wide-pyramidal crown of medium density. The height of the Extravaganza is 1.5-2 m, sometimes slightly higher. Shoots are powerful, arched. The bark on them is brown-brown with a small number of lentils, without pubescence. Fruits are medium and large, weighing 130-210 g, elongated pear-shaped, smooth, regular in shape. The skin is medium, smooth, oily, with a waxy coating. Coloring at the moment of removable maturity: the main one is greenish, the coverslip is blurred during the period of consumer maturity: the main is greenish-yellow, the coverslip is crimson, blurred. During storage, they acquire a light burgundy color. The peduncle is long, curved. The funnel is absent, the calyx is half-open and does not fall, the saucer is shallow and narrow. The heart is medium, bulbous, the seed chambers are closed, medium. Seeds are medium, narrow, pitcher-shaped, dark brown.
The pulp is white, medium density, semi-oily, very juicy, sweet taste, with a medium aroma. Tasting score 4.5 points.
Fruiting begins 5-6 years after the seedling is planted. The crop is harvested in early September.
It should be noted that the Extravaganza has practically no drawbacks, mainly advantages:
- The variety is high-yielding, and it bears fruit steadily.
- The plant is frost-resistant, so the extravaganza pear can be grown beyond the Urals.
r /> - The fruits are not only beautiful in appearance, but also have an excellent taste.
- Keeping quality and transportability are high, therefore pear trees of this variety are grown on an industrial scale.
- Strong wind does not lead to falling of ripe fruits.
- Pear Extravaganza is not damaged by many diseases and pests, which greatly simplifies the care of the plant.
- The use of fruits is universal.
The disadvantages include the fact that when the crown thickens, the fruits become smaller.
Available to order for spring 2020 - https://vk.com/photo-60285934_457243024
- In most cases, a change in the color or shape of the leaves indicates that the plants are lacking in nutrients. If this is noticeable first of all on the lower leaf blades - most likely, we are talking about a lack of phosphorus, potassium or magnesium (adults give part of themselves in favor of the "youth"). But the lack of calcium in the first place hits the new leaves (this element does not move well in the plant, so the "old people" cannot share it). It is often asked: how can plants starve if the soil on the site is good and properly filled before sowing or planting? In fact, everything is natural: our pets, like us, cannot eat the entire seasonal diet in one sitting, and they need regular "meals".
Keep in mind: if the symptoms of nutritional deficiencies are already visible to the naked eye, then the plants need an "ambulance". Foliar top dressing with a solution of the appropriate fertilizer will work most quickly (spraying with a 0.2% solution, or 2 g per 1 liter of water, on the leaves strictly in the evening). You can add additional nutrition through the soil, but always in a dissolved form (according to the instructions for fertilization). What food is missing? Nutritional element Signs of deficiency These crops are the first to beep. Ambulance Potassium (K) Potassium deficiency is externally manifested on the leaves: in the daytime, in hot sunny weather, they wither. First, the lower, and with severe hunger, the upper leaves turn white, and then die off along the edges (the effect of "edge burn"). The leaves often take on the shape of a bowl. Plants are stunted. Cabbage, potatoes, beets, beans, apple trees, berry bushes. Potassium sulfate, potassium monophosphate, wood ash infusion. * Phosphorus (P) The signs of phosphorus deficiency are first seen on older leaves - they turn dark green with a bluish or reddish tint. The newly formed leaves are small, the flowers are ugly, and in fruit crops the fruits fall off. Tomato, apple tree, gooseberry. Potassium monophosphate. Calcium (Ca) With a lack of calcium, the tops of the shoots often die off, young leaves turn white, the roots do not develop. Cucumbers, cabbage, berry and fruit crops. Calcium nitrate. Magnesium (Mg) The leaves turn yellow between the veins, while the veins themselves and the edges of the leaf blade remain green. Yellowing of thuja needles is often the result of magnesium deficiency. Cabbage, potatoes, apple, black currant, conifers. Magnesium sulfate. * 300 g of sifted ash is boiled in 3 liters of water for 30 minutes, the settled solution is filtered and brought to 10 liters
Stone economy, or How to replace an alpine slide
In this article, we will consider options for arranging budget options for rock gardens in your own garden.
A spectacular alpine slide is the dream of many summer residents. But alas, too expensive. However, if you like "stone stories", and there are not so many free funds, there is still a way out!
- Rock garden
- Alpine garden
- Alpine step
- Stony compositions
- Rocky garden
- Container rock garden
The thing is that in addition to the object so revered among gardeners, there are many other rock gardens that are more economical to create and at the same time are not inferior in beauty to the "queen". It is about them that we will tell today. But first, we recommend that you adopt a simple advice. Before creating "stone ventures" on the site, draw up a detailed plan of the future object, indicating exactly where you plan to place the stones and where to plant the plants.
Such a visual hint will help you to calculate the required amount of materials in advance, and you will definitely not buy too much. So, we present possible candidates for the role of "stone hit" for your site.
Rockery is the same alpine slide, only flat. This is its main advantage. After all, here you do not have to spend money on creating a relief and foundation. You only need drainage and a substrate of sand and gravel. The size does not really matter - even a miniature composition can look very dignified. In order for you to achieve just such an effect, we will reveal an important secret: rockery very much "loves" all kinds of framing, for example, paving or gravel dumps. But do not put gravel directly on the ground - pulling weeds out from under it is very problematic.
Tip: do not be afraid to fantasize - use unexpected solutions and decor uncharacteristic for an Alpine theme in the composition, for example, multi-colored gravel and fragments of colored ceramics.
A rock garden can be created in any garden and on any terrain. All the main roles here are given to stones - large, medium, very tiny, or even their placers.
Trees and shrubs do not belong here, but herbaceous perennials will be very welcome. But don't overdo it: no more than 4-5 characters. The main requirement is that all of them are ideally combined with the stones and not distract attention from them.
Alpine garden, on the contrary, is devoted to plants rather than stones, which are clearly assigned secondary roles here, or even the fate of extras. A great move is to make a mono garden dedicated to one plant. Such an object will certainly prove to be a win-win, easy to implement and quite interesting.
Ideal role models: heather garden, subulate phlox garden, rejuvenated or ground cover conifers.
Alpine step - a miniature retaining wall made of natural stone. Here, alpine plants are planted not vertically, but horizontally - on the plane itself. When constructing an object, be sure to make a hole for drainage, fill it with soil on top of it, lay out stones and only then plant the plants. Such an original "flower bed" can be inserted into one of the garden stairs or left to shine alone.
You can read about retaining walls and different options for their design in the article Retaining walls: beautiful and practical.
Rocky compositions are graceful improvisation, and not always in the Alpine style. These arbitrary companies only meet your taste and aesthetic needs, just like an essay on a free topic.
That is why such an object can be created in almost any corner of the site, both in the sun and in the shade. The choice of stones and plants, as well as the proportion between them, you determine in your opinion. The only requirement is the harmony of the combination. Any trees and shrubs, both large and small, can participate in the composition.
For decoration, use a variety of stones, decorative gravel, pebbles, colored glass and other interesting materials.
The rocky garden is suitable for any terrain, be it a slope or a plane. Its distinctive feature is the predominance of stones and stone debris over plants, which are placed in clumps at a great distance from each other. Trees and shrubs are practically not planted here - all attention is paid only to the beauty of the stones.
That is why the heroes for such an object should be chosen especially carefully, their appearance should be at least interesting, and as a maximum - flawless. Ferns and ground cover perennials will feel great in a rocky garden.
Container rock gardens - the original "pocket" version that can be moved around the site as you please. To create them, ceramic containers are most often used, but stones with holes, special fireclay "troughs", logs, stumps and even ... coconut shells can also be used. But not plastic! And you will also need small pebbles and the smallest plants, which should be placed strictly according to the laws of composition, because a small object must be especially harmonious.
Having created several of these mini-masterpieces, you can decorate them with a recreation area or garden staircase. Or take to a podium specially built to showcase your creations. And after the end of the season, all this beauty can be taken to the city apartment as a reminder of the past summer. In the next video you will see the process of creating a wonderful mini-rock garden.