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Lilies with a Legacy
A humble Southern bulb finds new respect, thanks to a Carolina plantsman
On a lonely road, outside an abandoned juke joint, among broken glass and malt liquor cans, lilies bloomed. Nearly five feet tall, with upright white and pink trumpet flowers, the beauties caught the eye of a young plantsman driving down Highway 301 in Allendale, South Carolina.
Augustus Jenkins Farmer III (he goes by “Jenks”) was then the new plant curator of Riverbanks Botanical Garden, an hour and a half north in Columbia. A graduate of Clemson University, he was on a visit home to his family in 1992 when he spotted the flowers outside a forsaken music hall called Regina's Disco Lounge.
As it often goes in the rural South, Farmer's family knew the landowner, and he approved of a rescue mission. Farmer could tell the stand of lilies was robust, but he had no idea until he started digging that the bulbs had propagated heroically. "We got a tractor," he remembers, "and from the trash pile of bricks and broken glass, we pulled out a four-hundred-pound clump of bulbs."
Beneath the soil, a winding mass of roots had developed for decades, and aboveground, a special type of lily called a crinum had emerged. The native lily could serve as an apt symbol of Southerners — strong roots beauty known to frequent hollers and down-home music venues. But the humble plant hadn't always gotten respect in certain circles. "Decades ago, you could only find crinum lilies in old country gardens, graveyards, in poor people's gardens, and in a few serious collectors' gardens," Farmer says. So he slowly set about devoting his life to remaking their image. "I'm figuring out how to make crinums fit into modern landscapes. Over time, I've planted literally tens of thousands of lilies. "
But before all that, Farmer took some of the Regina's Disco Lounge crinums back to Riverbanks to root. He also hauled some home to plant on his mother's farm in Beech Island, the little community from which the musician James Brown famously came. There, in the shadow of the historic Redcliffe Plantation, down an oak-lined lane, Farmer and his partner, Tom Hall, were helping Farmer’s mother, who is now eighty-two, maintain five acres. Farmer grew up playing here among the heirloom roses, amaryllises, and muscadine vines.
Today, nearly a full acre there is devoted to crinum lilies, which Farmer has collected from back roads, abandoned lots, and even cemeteries all over the South. Soaring pink flowers mingle with white trumpeters and giant red blooms, a blanket of flora that blooms from late March to early summer, pauses for the dog days, and then blooms again into the fall. Farmer estimates his oldest lily is eighty years old, and it stands sentinel over some fifty additional varieties. “I have a little one that flowers about four inches tall, opening into a beautiful rich green color,” he says. "Then there’s Lolita, a vibrant pink, who soars to five feet tall."
The Regina's Disco Lounge crinum.
More than seventy crinum species grow natively throughout the subtropics, says Farmer, in swamps and near streams. He has seen them on trips to Mexico, Central America, Thailand, and Madagascar, as well as on plant-finding excursions in the South. “The day I realized I had succeeded in collecting a unique and important plant was when I was out in the garden with a group of women,” he says. "There were both black women and white women who said, independently, 'My grandmother had those' while pointing at crinums. These plants are a connection, a bridge. "
After establishing the collection at Riverbanks, Farmer went on to design museum gardens and private plots. He worked with the South Carolina businesswoman Darla Moore on her Moore Farms Botanical Garden, all the while maintaining his bulbs to sell to wholesalers and nurseries. His crinums also bloom at Vizcaya Museum and Gardens in Miami, Colonial Lake in Charleston, the Atlanta Botanical Garden, and even within the Philadelphia parks system. A few years ago, Hall encouraged Farmer to focus on a retail operation, and now the two dig up bulbs and ship them, with instructions, to homes nationwide. They mail most bulbs in the late winter and spring so gardeners can plant them after a frost. Some will bloom within weeks others flower by fall or the following spring.
A field of Cecil Houdyshel crinums.
Over the years, Farmer has lectured widely to plant clubs and even at the Smithsonian, but he’ll always remember speaking to the Allendale Ladies Afternoon Reading Club as a young horticulturist. After he finished, one of the ladies ’husbands lugged in a giant piece of plywood, recently ripped free: That REGINA’S DISCO LOUNGE sign now hangs on the barn at the Beech Island farm, surrounded by its namesake lilies.
Recently, Farmer learned that his hallmark lily had hit another milestone. Regina's Disco Lounge was tentatively accepted as the lily's official name by the Royal Horticultural Society, the prestigious British gardening group. Farmer could have told you, long ago, that these bulbs deserved a place among royalty.
Crinum carolina beauty photographs
Amaryllis Family - Included within Liliaceae
Agapanthus spp. and hybrids - Lily of the Nile - Perennial
Amaryllis - Belladonna Lily - Seldom bloom in our gardens.
Crinum asiaticum - Poison Bulb - Tender Perennial -
Crinum X 'Bradley' - 'Bradley' Crinum Lily - Perennial -
Crinum bulbispermum - African Lily - Perennial -
Crinum X 'Carolina Beauty' - 'Carolina Beauty' Crinum Lily - Perennial -
Crinum X eboracii - C. bulbispermum X C. asiaticum - Hybrid Crinum Lily - Perennial -
Crinum X 'Elizabeth Traub' - 'Elizabeth Traub' Crinum Lily - Perennial -
Crinum X erubescens - Swamp Lily - Perennial
Crinum X 'Hanibal's Dwarf' - 'Hanibal's Dwarf' Crinum Lily - Perennial
Crinum jagus 'Rattrayi' - 'Rattrayi' Crinum Lily - Perennial
Crinum X 'J. C. Harvey '-' J. C. Harvey 'Crinum Lily - Perennial
Crinum X 'Maiden's Blush' - 'Maiden's Blush' Crinum - Perennial
Crinum X 'Mrs. James Hendry '-' Mrs. James Hendry 'Crinum Lily - Perennial
Crinum X 'Stars and Stripes' - 'Stars and Stripes' Crinum Lily - Perennial
Crinum X 'Summer Nocturne' - 'Summer Nocturne' Crinum Lily - Perennial
Crinum X 'Royal White' - 'Royal White' Crinum Lily - Perennial
Crinum X 'Walter Flory' - 'Walter Flory' Crinum Lily - Perennial
Galanthus sp. - Snowdrop - NOT RECOMMENDED - Plant Leucojum aestivum instead.
Habranthus brachyandrus - Giant Pink Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Habranthus robustus - Giant Pink Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb - Our native Prairie Rain Lily * bears white flowers a few days after thunderstorms. It is so common, some even consider it a weed, especially when it occurs in a lawn. This species, from southern Brazil, blooms likewise. However, its blooms are larger, pink and are borne on taller stalks. Though the specific name is, robustus, 'robust' in Latin, it is not the most robust one available. Some selections of Habranthus brachyandrus are more robust, as is the cultivar, Habranthus robustus 'Russell Manning'. All of these pink Habranthus, as well as their hybrids, grow in full sun to half-day sun in well-drained soil. All expand to form clumps both by branching and division of the bulbs, as well as by the germination of seed (except sterile hybrids), giving you a surplus to share.
Habranthus robustus 'Russell Manning' - Giant Pink Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Habranthus tubispathus var. texanus - Copper Rain Lily - Perennial
Haemanthus - See Scadoxus - Blood Lily
Hippeastrum X 'Giraffe "- Amaryllis - Perennial
This is the first known "Amaryllis" hybrid, dating from the early 19 th (or late 18 th?) Century, presumably from the Lancashire garden of a Mr. Johnson.
This plant is seldom offered for sale, being distributed almost exclusively by generous gardeners sharing divisions. If you happen to acquire one, plant the bulb 4 "to 6" deep in a well drained site, ideally where it will receive shade after 3:00 PM. The bulbs endure our extremes of climate very well, going dormant after the first hard freeeze and during prolonged summer droughts as well.
Hippeastrum X 'Voodoo' - 'Voodoo' Amaryllis - Perennial
Hymenocallis caribaea 'Tropical Giant' - 'Tropical Giant' Spider Lily - Perennial -
Hymenocallis 'Tropical Giant Sister' - 'Tropical Giant Sister' Spider Lily - Perennial - Blooms earlier than 'Tropical Giant'.
Hymenocallis liriosme - Coastal Spider Lily - Perennial
Hymenocallis maximiliani - Maximilian's Spider Lily - Perennial
Hymenocallis riparia - Spider Lily - Perennial
Leucojum aestivum - Snowflake - Perennial
Lycoris aurea - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Lycoris africana - See Lycoris aurea
Lycoris X caldwellii - A hybrid of Lycoris chinensis and Lycoris longituba - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Lycoris X houdyshelii - A hybrid of Lycoris chinensis and Lycoris radiata - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Lycoris radiata var. pumila - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Lycoris radiata var. radiata - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Lycoris X rosea - A hybrid of Lycoris radiata and Lycoris sprengeri - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Lycoris sanguinea var. kiusiana - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Lycoris sanguinea var. sanguinea - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Lycoris X squamigera - A hybrid of Lycoris longituba and Lycoris sprengeri - Surprise Lily - Perennial
Narcissus spp. and hybrids - Daffodil - many are Perennial
Nothoscordum - False Garlic - Perennial - Toxic leaves and bulbs!
Rhodophiala bifida - Oxblood Lily - Perennial
Scadoxus multiflorus ssp. katherinae - Also sokd as Haemanthus katherinae - Blood Lily - Perennial
Sternbergia lutea - Lily of the Field - Perennial
Tulbaghia violacea - Society Garlic - Perennial
Zephyranthes 'Ajax' - A hybrid of Zephyranthes candida and Zephyranthes
citrina - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes candida - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes chlorosolen - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes drummondii - Previously known as Cooperia pedunculata - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes grandiflora - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes X 'La Bufarosa' - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes macrosiphon - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes regina - 'Valles Yellow' Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes rosea - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes sulphurea - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Zephyranthes traubii - Rain Lily - Perennial Bulb
Growing Conditions: This plant has all the tropical beauty of 'Queen Emma', another plant with beautiful burgundy leaves. But Sangria has both the burgundy leaves and the characteristic cold-hardiness of a crinum.
Flowers: This plant is always in flower on the Forth of July. This rich, pink flower has cut, spider-like petals.
Flowering Season: Burgundy-touched, pink flowers shoot up sporadically, but mostly around the Fourth of July. In fact, they look great in July-4th flower arrangements.
Leaves: This plant has beautiful arching leaves.
How To Plant: Plant at a depth of eight to ten inches.
Where To Plant: It’s suggested that you mix this crinum with spring perennials such as creeping phlox. The burgundy leaves emerging through lavender phlox flower makes a killer combination.
Our Bulbs: Our bulbs are six inches in circumference and 15 inches in length and have living roots.
Summer Bulbs for Southern Gardens: Crinums. Zones 7 through 11.
In high summer Crinums are often seen blooming in old Southern gardens. Like their cousins amaryllis, crinums are also within the Amaryllidaceae family. Blooming still In abandoned gardens they may mark a pass- a- long transaction of many years ago - an unwritten history of gardeners now gone. Crinums are often found in historic cemeteries. Native crinums or swamplilies may be seen blooming by the hundreds along rivers. Crinums have been grown in Southern gardens for more than 200 years. While there are native crinums, many in early gardens were species from Africa. Crinums are native to Africa, Southern Asia, Australia, and are found growing along rivers in the Southern United States. The plants are adapted to a wide range of conditions and different species can thrive in aquatic or desert environments.
(Editor's Note: This article was originally published on July 6, 2008. Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to promptly respond to new questions or comments.)
Gloria Jahoda in The River of the Golden Ibis has described in detail the environment of Crinum americanum, the American hardy swamplily, along the Hillsborough River in Central Florida. [If it's Crinum americum in thumbnail.] It is rare that we have a detailed description of the native habitat of a plant we only know from gardens.
The Hillsborough begins in the Green Swamp, nine hundred square miles of central Florida wilderness where white ibises drift in the shadows over willow-bordered pools. From high water oaks gray Spanish moss trails softly. The stillness is broken by the songs of Carolina wrens in the thickets, by the insistent voices of leopard frogs, by the calling of rain crows on slow summer afternoons. The smells are acrid: tannin-stained sloughs and the sourness of the hydrogen sulfide and methane gases that rise when the mud is turned by the foot of some wild creature, by a rare canoe, by a storm. Pileated woodpeckers rap high in the pines in the drier places, where the ground rises a foot or two and bare sand shows under pinestraw that glistens rusty in a fitful swampland sun. The Green Swamp is a trackless place. Its milky clusters of crinum lilies spend their beauty unseen by men, and bobcats prowl the tangles unafraid. The world of the white ibises is, as yet, inviolate. When the light strikes their feathers through the canopy above, they shimmer in a blaze of gold. 
|FIGURES 1. Crinum Augustum. Giant Spider Lily 'Queen Emma'.|
The most complete discussion of crinums is at [5,6] www.crinum.org, the website of Les Hannibal in California. Hannibal undertook the systematic study and classification of crinums. Many images of the species considered by Hannibal are also represented at the Photo Gallery of bulbsociety.org.  Marcelle Sheppard in east Texas is currently one of the most knowledgeable experts on crinums. She has produced commercially important hybrids. Many crinums are photographed and described on Marcelle Sheppard's website, www.marcellescrinums.com . Another source of information and photographs of crinums is A. L. Sisk's amaryllids in Cultivation, at www.crinum.us. 
FIGURES 2. Crinum Ugandense. 'What Rican crinum'.
|FIGURES 3. Crinum fimbriatulum. Milk and Wine lily, Confederate lily.|
How did African lilies wind up in Alabama? One explanation for the presence of African crinums throughout the Southern states is that they were brought on African slave ships.  An explanation that gives credance to this theory is the use of crinums in traditional African medicine both in Africa and in the United States. 
Recent DNA studies add another dimension to the story of how Crinum lilies got to be where they are. In a study of genetic sequencing published in 2003, Meerow, Lehmiller, and Clayton  identified three clades or genetic groups of Crinum species. Meerow et al. state that earlier classifications which supported a number of sub-genera within the genus Crinum are not supported by the genetic data.
Their interpretation is that these genetic clades represent bioregional groups. Their genetic study indicates that all crinums originated in Southern Africa. American crinums, North African and tropicals comprise one of the clades. An early group represented by Crinum flaccidum appeared in Australia and today this species is considered to be endemic to central Australia.  A third group is made up of Madagascar, Australasian, Sino-Himaloyan, and Southern African species.
While various land bridges connecting Africa with other continents have been suggested as routes for the dispersal of crinums throughout the subtropical world, Meerow et al. suggest that the dispersal could have been made in large part by crinum seeds traveling on ocean waves. They point out that the seeds are salt resistant and capable of floating long distances without being damaged. The corky covering waterproofs the seed and protects it (see Figure 10).
|FIGURES 4. Crinum peduncalatum. 'swamp lily '||FIGURES 5. Crinum amoenum.||FIGURES 6. Crinum procerum. 'splendens'|
(Please click Crinum amoenum to see details of original Plant Files photo by TomH3787)
|FIGURES 7. Crinum Stars and Stripes||FIGURES 8. Crinum x powelli||FIGURES 9. Crinum Ellen Bosanquet|
|FIGURES 10. Crinum seeds.|
Crinums may be propagated from seeds, from underground offsets from the main bulb, or from bulb cuttings. Not all crinums are propagated the same way, however.
Not all crinums set seed. According to Les Hannibal, "Few hybrids will set seed, but a number have viable pollen."  The general rule is that species are propagated by seeds, while hybrids are propagated by offsets from the main bulb. Andy Cabe  Curator of Horticulture, Riverbanks Zoo and Gardens. Columbia, S.C. describes a third method. He makes cuttings from the basal plate of the main bulb.
Werner Voigt's  instructions for sowing seed of Crinum campanulatum would hold for most aquatic crinum species.
According to Robert Archer of the National Herbarium in Pretoria, S.A., true crinum species rarely multipy by forming offsets. He suggests this method for germinating the seed:
Seeds are placed in a well-drained, sandy medium with plenty of compost and a slow-release fertilizer such as bonemeal, with regular watering and full sun. The high water content of the seed enables it to germinate after a week or two, even in dry conditions. Seed germination is hypogeal: the embryo stem is formed soon after release and in turn produces the cotyledon and radicle below the soil surface. Check to see that the young bulb is not pushed out of the soil. If seedlings are kept growing throughout the winter months, they will reach flowering size sooner. First flowering can be expected after three (C. macowanii) to eight years (C. graminicola). The plants perform best in a permanent position and, like any Amaryllidaceae, do not react well to any disturbance of the roots. 
Avon Bulbs, UK  provide planting instructions for the hybrid crinum, Crinum x powelli. Propagation is by offsets from the main bulb. Dig down carefully then separate the offset cleanly from the mother bulb. Dig the hole 12 inches deep and plant the bulb so that the tip protrudes at the surface.
Species Crinums are propagated by seeds produced in late summer. The seed should be as fresh as possible when collected and planted immediately. Here are the instructions for propagating seeds supplied with Plant Files photos by onalee for the Crinum asiaticum, the White Giant Crinum Lily. Acording to onalee (see Figure 10).
|Figure 11. Sprouted crinum seed.|
"Plant when fresh by just pressing into soil: leave top above soil line. Keep damp, but not soggy and warm. Germination about 30 days."
Figure 11 shows a White Giant Crinum Lily bulbil / Seed that has begun to sprout. Onalee says, The "Leaf is pointed root is rounded."
A note about "rescuing" heirloom plants from house sites or country road sides. Get permission. Many people think it is fun to spend an afternoon collecting plants from National Forests, pastures, or abandoned house sites and even houses where it seems no one is home. When you spot a plant, that you would like in your personal garden, consider if an offshoot, or seeds would not be as valuable to you as destroying the whole plant. Consider that it might be the last one on earth. Then ask, before you dig.
* The concept that a plant is native to, or endemic to a certain place is somewhat obscured by genetic analysis. In this case, genetic analysis shows that all crinims originated in Southern Africa, as the discussion will show.
Thumbnail. Crinum americanum. Southern Swamp Lily. American Crinum. alhanks. February 8, 2002. Plant Files.
Figure 1. Crinum augustum. Giant Spider Lilly, Queen Emma. PotEmUp. November 15. 2005. Plant Files. "Hotel landscaping. Wilea, Kauai".
Figure 2. Ugandan crinum. Puerto Rican crinum. aking. May 23, 2004. Plant Files. "Flower is short lived but spectqacular in the garden."
Figure 3. Crinum fimbriatum. Confederate Lily. Milk and Wine Lily. TulsaRose. July 19, 2006.
Figure 4. Crinum peduncalatum. swamp lily. gearge4tax / PotEmUp. May 3, 2000. "Limahuli National Tropical Botanical Garden - Ha'ena, Kaua'a, Hawaii."
Figure 5. Crinum amoenum. TomH3787. July 13, 2007. "Picture taken July 8th at Plant Delights Nursery, Raleigh NC".
Figure 6. Crinum procerum. 'splendens' Dave. May 3, 2004.
Figure 7. Crinum 'Stars and Stripes'. Cape Coast Lily. dutch lady. May 20, 2008. Plant Files "Naples Florida".
Figure 8. Crinum x powelli. raydio. October 20, 2006. Plant files. "A fine hardy" workhorse "of a Crinum. Very easy to grow and can bloom reliably even under poor cultivation."
Figure 9. Crinum Ellen Bosanquet. Calif_Sue. Sept 12, 2006. Plant Files.
Figure 10. Crinum asiaticum seeds. 'Giant white crinum spider lily. onalee.
"Seeds / bulbils for the Giant White Crinum Spider Lily. Plant when fresh by just pressing into soil: leave top above soil line. Keep damp, but not soggy and warm. Germination about 30 days."
Figure 11. Crinum asiaticum. White Giant Crinum lily sprouted seed. onalee. July 29, 2006. "White Giant Crinum Lily Bulbil / Seed that has begun to sprout - directions on how to plant a seed that has begun to sprout above ground or before planting. Leaf is pointed: root is rounded."
 Gloria Jahoda. Holt, Rhinehart and Winston 1973. the River of the Golden Ibis. Quoted at www canoeescape.com
 Amaryllids in Cultivation. Crinum. A. L. Sisk. http://www.crinum.us/
 A systematic revision of the genus crinum. L. S. Hannibal. crinum.org
 The Genus Crinum (Amarylledaceae) descriptions and photographs. crinum.org
 Gallery of the Worlds Bulbs. crinum. bulbsociety.org
 Amaryllids in cultivation 2005-2008. http://www.crinum.us/
 Crinum americanum, Southern Swamp Lily, Native to Southern states: Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina. Plants.USDA.gov
 Milk and Wine Lily, Confederate lily, Crinum fimbriatulum. doofus.org/Crinum See Figure 52, according to the classification offered by Hannibal.
 Cemetery Lilies. The Journey from Africa to Carolina. lushlifegarden.com/cemetery
 C.W. Fennell and J. van Staden. Abstract. Crinum Species in Traditional and Modern Medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Volume 78, Issue 1, November 2001, Pages 15-26.
 Alan W. Meerow, David J. Lehmiller, and Jason R. Clayton. Phylogeny and biogeography of Crinum L. (Amaryllidaceae) inferred from nuclear and limited plastid non-coding DNA sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2003, 349-363. bulbsociety.org.pdf
 Recommended Native Plants for Alice Springs. Crinum flaccidum. Alice Springs Town Council. alicesprings.nt.gov.au
 Les Hannibal. Crinum Hybrids. www crinum.org
 Andy Cabe. Propagation of crinum by cutting the basal plate. www bulbsociety.org.
 Werner Voigt. Crinum campanulatum. Kirstenbosch NBG. October 2006. plantzafrica.com
 Crinum. Robert H. Archer. National Herbarium, Pretoria. September 2004. plantzafrica.com
 Avon Bulbs, UK. Planting Instructions. avonbulbs.co.uk
About Gloria Cole
About Gloria Cole
I am a retired archeologist and curator of an historic house museum. I live in Greensboro, Alabama, a small rural historic Southern town, with my two dogs, a rabbit and (by recent count) two cats. I am upgrading a 100 year old neoclassic house and clearing and planting my two-and-one-half acre property. Of plants, I love roses best of all.
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Strong track record and ambitious sustainability targets for 2025
Sustainability Report 2020
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Sangria Crinum Lily 'Sangria'
Average Water Needs Water regularly do not overwater
This plant is resistant to deer
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 ° C (0 ° F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 ° C (5 ° F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 ° C (10 ° F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 ° C (15 ° F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 ° C (20 ° F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 ° C (25 ° F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 ° C (30 ° F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 ° C (35 ° F)
Where to Grow:
Flowers are good for cutting
Soil pH requirements:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
North Augusta, South Carolina
On Jun 21, 2012, Florida9 from Palm Harbor, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:
I obtained a small Sangria Crinum last year, and was hoping to see it bloom by next year. I thought it was pretty, and more importantly it is listed as deer resistant. Unfortunately, the local deer have decided that they like Crinum after all, as my posted picture shows. They have even eaten my neighbors decade-old giant Crinums. I still have high hopes that it will survive and bloom someday. It seems to be growing well here in 9B in full sun.
Update June 2013 This year I kept the Crinum sprayed and the deer left it alone. It grew beautifully and bloomed in the spring. I was thrilled with it, but then went on vacation for 3 weeks. A strong rain washed the plant clean of spray and I came home to a 6 "stump. Hoping again for regrowth, but it is clear our deer love this plant more tha. Read more n others in the front beds.
On Oct 15, 2009, BJames1 from Elizabeth City, NC (Zone 8a) wrote:
In my zone 8a garden, this is my favorite plant. I have yet to have it bloom after 2 years in the ground as a small bulb, but its beauty needs no flower to cement its place in my heart. Crinum 'Sangria' has succulent purple leaves that retain their magnificient color ALL SEASON LONG! Of course, older leaves do tend to exhibit a more green color. There is, however, always fresh growth to display its warming purple-leaved character. Due to its exceedingly cold hardy nature compared to other purple-leaved crinums, this is the only such crinum that will grow in my zone. Its richness, ease of growth, dependable presence, and promise for much anticipated return each year will keep it as a mainstay in my gardening life. And don't forget the future potential for flowers! Crinum 'Sangria' will bloo. read more m with age. Did I mention how I feel about this crinum? I "ABSOLUTELY" LOVE THIS PLANT!
On Jul 8, 2006, TomH3787 from Raleigh, NC (Zone 7b) wrote:
Quote from Plant Delights catalog: "This much sought-after crinum lily originated in 1983 as a cross of C. procerum 'Splendens' x an unknown C. bulbispermum (or hybrid). It was discovered as a seedling in the garden of the late Marcia Clint Wilson by Texan Scott Ogden. The dark purple, reflexed foliage makes a dramatic clump, topped in late spring and again in fall with 18 "spikes of rosy pink flowers. Because of its C. bulbispermum parentage, C. 'Sangria' is much more winter hardy than other purple leaf crinums. Most of the material that is sold as C. 'Sangria' is simply C. procerum 'Splendens'. "
Scott Ogden says that this crinum is slow to increase unless bulbs are sliced to induce multiplication. Hardy red-leafed seedlings can be produced using C. bulbispermum pollen on. read more C. procerum 'Splendens'.