How to transplant to a monster correctly

How to transplant to a monster correctly

The exotic plant Monstera is of tropical origin and occurs naturally in regions with hot climates. Today, it is much more common to find it in large rooms as a background (for example, in a lobby, foyer or office). Much attention is paid to this plant at a young age, but with its rapid growth, the beautiful liana begins to take up a lot of space and, together with the tub, is rearranged to a far corner with insufficient lighting and nutrition. Monstera loses its attractiveness over time, the leaves - the fans turn yellow, and the trunk becomes bald. Most often this happens due to the fact that the flower did not receive proper care and was not transplanted on time. It is because of this that he feels uncomfortable in a cramped flower container.

When to transplant to a monster

Given the age of the indoor flower, the transplant is carried out in different ways at a young, middle and mature age. In the first three years of life, the monster needs to be replanted every year in early spring, increasing the size of the flower container. In the next three years, when the growth and development of the plant becomes more active, it will take two to four transplants each year. In subsequent years, when the culture reaches a large size, the transplant may not be carried out. Instead, it is recommended to replace the topsoil with a new fertile soil mixture.

Requirements for the composition of the soil

The acidity level of the soil for the monstera should be neutral or slightly acidic - at its young age and more acidic - every year in adulthood (that is, with an increase in the amount of peat in the soil mixture). Each grower has his own opinion on the choice of soil composition for this exotic plant, so you can choose from several options:

  • 2 parts of humus and one part of peat, sand and turf;
  • 2 parts of sod land and one part of sand, peat and humus;
  • 3 parts of sod land and one part of river sand and land (deciduous);
  • All in equal proportions - coarse river sand, humus, sod land, peat and deciduous land.

Transplantation - highlights

The flower container must be replaced with a larger one during each transplant, but not much. For the first three years, each new pot needs to be increased by about 10-15 cm, and later even by 20 cm. If the container for the flower is very large in size, then the soil may acidify or will gradually turn into a swamp.

Bulky adult plants are planted in specially selected or made tubs made of wood. Mature specimens of monstera cannot be transplanted alone, as they have a large mass and can be easily damaged. Experienced flower growers recommend that this procedure be carried out at least together.

The monstera is transplanted by the transshipment method. For easier removal of the flower from the container, you must first water the plant abundantly and leave it for a while to completely moisten the soil. Then you need to carefully tilt the flower pot on its side, cut off the roots that have sprouted into the drainage holes and pull the flower out by the base of the trunk.

The bottom of the new flower container must first be covered with a drainage layer. For this, any material is suitable that will not allow stagnation of water in the ground (for example, broken brick or tile, expanded clay or river pebbles). On top of the drainage, it is necessary to pour a small layer of soil and install a plant with an earthen clod on it. The root part must be carefully spread over the entire surface of the soil, and then fill the container to the top with prepared earth, gradually tamping it. It is very important that the root collar does not sink below the usual level at which it was in the previous flower pot.

You need to finish planting with abundant watering until water appears in the pan. When the soil mixture dries up, you can water it in the future in the usual volumes and frequency.

Construction of an additional support for the monstera

Since the monstera plant is large and weighty, it will definitely need a support that will hold the flower. It is placed in a pot when transplanting a plant next to the trunk so that the lower part of the support is at the bottom of the pot. It can be a tube or a pole wrapped in coconut fiber.

A beautiful liana can be held on one vertical support or on several horizontal ones. With vertical support, the monstera looks like a tree, and you can use it (support) on a small area and in a medium-sized container. In spacious rooms for an adult flower in a large wooden tub, you can make several supports that will direct the plant horizontally and slightly raise it above the surface, and its aerial roots will hang down in the form of a green fence.

Monstera transplant

Monstera transplant at home.


Proper care of a monster at home

Monstera is a tropical vine native to South America. It has large, heart-shaped leaves of a deep green color with cuts. An adult plant can grow to a height of over six meters. Flower

Monstera is a cream-colored ear. At the end of flowering, it forms a fruit that is considered edible.

The name of the plant was formed from the Latin word "monstrosus", which in translation means - amazing or bizarre.

Monstera leaves ionize and purify the air... For this reason, it is advised to plant the plant in the houses of large cities. When grown at home, the plant requires special care.


Add fertilizer

When the monstera is already showing off in a new place, it is necessary to add mineral fertilizers so that they nourish the rhizome, contributing to its rapid adaptation. Watch the plant for the first week, how it takes root, whether the leaves turn yellow, whether there is a fungus on the soil surface, because transplanting is always stressful for it. If all indicators are normal, your vine has grown stronger and does not get sick, be proud - now you know how to transplant a monster at home.

If our "miracle" has long shoots from almost every branch, the so-called aerial roots, then they are placed in handy containers with water - bottles, jars - so that they do not dry out and give the plant additional nutrition. If the shoots have reached significant lengths, then they are buried in the ground. With the help of these roots, the flower multiplies.

Let's see how easy it is to transplant to a monster with aerial roots:

  • Cut off a leaf with a stem or a whole branch with aerial shoots
  • We place in a vessel with water
  • When the main process starts up the secondary roots, we prepare the pots
  • Let's decide in which pot it is best to transplant the monster: a spacious five-liter container will do. Do not skimp on volume, the plant will feel much more comfortable in a large planter
  • Preparing soil and drainage
  • We plant a flower using an already known technology.


How to plant a monster

Monstera Cuttings can be obtained in two ways.

Cut off the top of an adult monstera with an internode and three leaves (one of them should be fully ripe), put it in water and wait for the roots to appear.

Cut off the monstera babies, put them in the water. Babies appear on the stem of an adult plant (usually in an area close to the ground). For planting, children are suitable, on which at least one internode has already appeared and one leaf has matured.

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Daily care rules

Monstera needs feeding from April to August. Fertilizers are applied every 7-10 days. Experienced growers fertilize the monstera with a purchased mixture, suitable for all types of decorative deciduous trees.

Note! If the vine has grown too quickly, its growth can be slowed down by increasing the break between feedings.

As they grow older, the root system grows, and some roots break through to the surface. The task of the grower is to notice such forays in time and direct the roots deep into the pot.

Water the monster in moderation, regardless of the season. Pour liana with settled warm water. In summer, water treatments in the form of spraying and a warm shower are desirable. This is especially true of the graceful monstera. In winter, flower growers wipe the vine leaves with slightly warmed water.

Important! In insufficient light, monstera leaves become smaller over time and become less dissected.

Monstera is a smart vine. She constantly communicates with the owner, giving a kind of signals. If a plant breeder can decipher these hints, he will be able to grow a monster as majestic as it can be found in the wild.

This is how the monster signals:

  • the appearance of dark brown dry spots on the leaves is a clear sign that the monstera suffers from dry air
  • wet dark spots - the consequences of too much watering, which does not benefit the vine
  • yellowing of foliage is a signal that there is too much moisture.

With age, the vine loses its attractiveness, the lower foliage falls off, exposing the trunk. In order for it to grow again, at the beginning of spring, the upper part of the stem is cut about 30 cm so that there are 2-3 leaves on the cut area. Thanks to this manipulation, the lower part receives an additional portion of minerals, and the branches grow back again.

The cut off top can be germinated in warm water and then transplanted into a separate container. Air roots are formed first, and then the development of the lower root system begins. To propagate a vine, it is enough to separate the top leaves, germinate them and plant them in different pots.

For your information! Systematically pruning the top of the monstera out of the desire to prevent its further growth, the grower must be prepared for the fact that the vine will still increase in size, only in width.

A plant breeder who has set himself the goal of growing a beautiful monster should not forget about the parasitic tendencies of this species. The pot with the plant itself and the adjacent areas of the dwelling must be systematically inspected in order to prevent damage to property. If the monstera senses that there is an additional support nearby, for example, a piece of peeled wallpaper or any piece of furniture, it will surely catch on to the nearest ledge and continue to develop.

That's all! Those who want to grow this flower should re-read the article again in order to know what to prepare for and what to stock up on. Only then can you go to the flower shop for the "monster".


How to transplant to a monster correctly

The exotic plant Monstera is of tropical origin and occurs naturally in regions with hot climates. Today, it is much more common to find it in large rooms as a background (for example, in a lobby, foyer or office). Much attention is paid to this plant at a young age, but with its rapid growth, the beautiful liana begins to take up a lot of space and, together with the tub, is rearranged to a far corner with insufficient lighting and nutrition. Monstera loses its attractiveness over time, the leaves - the fans turn yellow, and the trunk becomes bald. Most often this happens due to the fact that the flower did not receive proper care and was not transplanted on time. It is because of this that he feels uncomfortable in a cramped flower container.

When to transplant to a monster

Given the age of the indoor flower, the transplant is carried out in different ways at a young, middle and mature age. In the first three years of life, the monster needs to be replanted every year in early spring, increasing the size of the flower container. In the next three years, when the growth and development of the plant becomes more active, it will take two to four transplants each year. In subsequent years, when the culture reaches a large size, the transplant may not be carried out. Instead, it is recommended to replace the topsoil with a new fertile soil mixture.

Requirements for the composition of the soil

The acidity level of the soil for the monstera should be neutral or slightly acidic - at its young age and more acidic - every year in adulthood (that is, with an increase in the amount of peat in the soil mixture). Each grower has his own opinion on the choice of soil composition for this exotic plant, so you can choose from several options:

  • 2 parts of humus and one part of peat, sand and sod land
  • 2 parts of sod land and one part of sand, peat and humus
  • 3 parts of sod land and one part of river sand and land (deciduous)
  • All in equal proportions - coarse river sand, humus, sod land, peat and deciduous land.

Transplantation - highlights

The flower container must be replaced with a larger one during each transplant, but not much. For the first three years, each new pot needs to be increased by about 10-15 cm, and later even by 20 cm. If the container for the flower is very large in size, then the soil may acidify or will gradually turn into a swamp.

Monstera: home care ... How to take care of a monster at home ... Monstera: home care ...

Bulky adult plants are planted in specially selected or made tubs made of wood. Mature specimens of monstera should not be transplanted alone, as they have a large mass and can be easily damaged. Experienced flower growers recommend that this procedure be carried out at least together.

The monstera is transplanted by the transshipment method. For easier removal of the flower from the container, you must first water the plant abundantly and leave it for a while to completely moisten the soil. Then you need to carefully tilt the flower pot on its side, cut off the roots that have sprouted into the drainage holes and pull the flower out by the base of the trunk.

The bottom of the new flower container must first be covered with a drainage layer. For this, any material is suitable that will not allow stagnation of water in the ground (for example, broken brick or tile, expanded clay or river pebbles). On top of the drainage, it is necessary to pour a small layer of soil and install a plant with an earthen clod on it. The root part must be carefully spread over the entire surface of the soil, and then fill the container to the top with prepared earth, gradually tamping it. It is very important that the root collar does not sink below the usual level at which it was in the previous flower pot.

You need to finish planting with abundant watering until water appears in the pan. When the soil mixture dries up, you can water it in the future in the usual volumes and frequency.

Construction of an additional support for the monstera

Since the monstera plant is large and weighty, it will definitely need a support that will hold the flower. It is placed in a pot when transplanting a plant next to the trunk so that the lower part of the support is at the bottom of the pot. It can be a tube or a pole wrapped in coconut fiber.

A beautiful liana can be held on one vertical support or on several horizontal ones. With vertical support, the monstera looks like a tree, and you can use it (support) on a small area and in a medium-sized container. In spacious rooms for an adult flower in a large wooden tub, you can make several supports that will direct the plant horizontally and slightly raise it above the surface, and its aerial roots will hang down in the form of a green fence.


Plant care at home

The basic rules of content are reduced to creation of natural conditionswhere Monstera lives.

Lighting

For healthy growth, Monstera needs bright, diffused light. The plant does not tolerate shade in the same way as direct sunlight.

In low light, flower leaves stop growing and do not form cuts... And with an excess of light, the plant turns pale and becomes covered with yellow spots.

In winter, when the day is short, an additional light source must be provided.

The correct location of the monstera is next to the window Due to lack of lighting, the cuts on the leaves disappeared

Temperature

Tropical liana loves warmth the higher the temperature, the faster the growth... Florists recommend maintaining the temperature within 17-22 degrees in winter and from 22 to 25 degrees in summer. Drafts are strictly prohibited for the plant.

Watering and humidity

Water the Monster often and a lot, especially in spring and summer, when the stage of active growth begins. In winter, watering is reduced. The main thing is that the soil in the pot always remains moist.

For irrigation, take settled water at room temperature. Spraying and wiping the leaves is mandatory once a week. If there is dry air in the room, a container with water is installed next to the plant.

Watering monstera

Soil and fertilizer

The correct soil composition for Monstera must necessarily include equal parts:

  1. Leafy land
  2. turf land
  3. humus
  4. peat
  5. sand.

A 5-7 cm thick expanded clay drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the pot.

This rule especially applies to the period from March to September. In winter, feeding is done less often.

Pot

The container for Monstera needs a wide one so that the air roots growing from the stem can take root in the ground in the future.

The material of the flowerpot does not matter... The depth of the pot should match the size of the root system. And one more rule when choosing a container is stability. Otherwise, heavy leaves and stems can knock it over.

Wide stable pot for monstera

How to properly prune a monster

Pruning the plant is optional. This procedure is carried out to achieve curvaceous forms and branching Monsters. To form several stems, at the initial stage of development, the top of the flower is cut off.

To avoid infection, the procedure is carried out with a sterile blade, and charcoal is sprinkled over the cut site. Over time, side shoots grow on the stem.

After all the activities, you must thoroughly wash your hands, as Monstera juice has poisonous properties and can lead to skin burns.

How to transplant a flower

Aerial roots have grown a lot - the monstera needs a transplant

Monstera due to its impressive size needs a regular transplant... Such an event will help maintain the health and accelerate the growth of the plant.

This is done in early spring, until the active growth stage has begun. Monsters, whose age has crossed the three-year milestone, are recommended to be transplanted once every 3 years. In this case, it is necessary each time to replace part of the old soil with a new one.

Before starting the transplant, you need to take care of the dishes, they should be at least 7-10 centimeters larger than the previous one. A drainage layer of small stones or expanded clay must be laid in the pot. Then, ready-made fertile soil is poured onto half of the dishes. A lump with roots and remnants of old soil is placed in it and covered with the second part of the soil. After the done actions, Monstera is poured abundantly with water.

Reproduction

There are several ways to breed vines:

  1. Propagation by air layers... To do this, there must be at least one aerial root and one leaf on the layer. The cuttings are cut off and placed in a bowl with nutritious and moistened soil. During this period, it is important to maintain the temperature at 17-22 degrees. You can cover the future flower with a film to prevent a draft. After the cuttings have taken root, they are grown according to the general rules of care.
  2. Propagation by cuttings... To achieve the result, the stem or lateral processes are cut off. First, the soil is prepared from equal parts of humus and sand. Then the cutting is immersed in it and it is watered abundantly with room water. After the manipulations done, the pot with cuttings is closed with glass and placed in a well-lit place. From this moment on, watering is done daily. As soon as Monstera gives roots, it is transplanted into a separate flowerpot.
  3. Seed propagation... This method is recognized as the most successful, but long-lasting. First of all, you need to purchase seeds that are not more than 1 year old. They are soaked in herbal solution and sown in nutrient soil. From the moment of planting to the moment of the first shoots, it takes at least a month. All this time, the container with seeds must be kept in the shade, warmth and moisture.

For young Monsters to reach at least 9-10 sheets, at least a couple of years must pass. Florists claim that a vine grown in this way will be strong and beautiful.

Problems and illnesses

Like other indoor flowers, Monstera is susceptible to disease and pest attacks. In order to protect the plant from such problems, a number of rules must be observed:

  1. Yellowed plant leaves indicate over-watering... To prevent the death of the flower, you should reduce the amount of water and, if possible, transplant it into new soil.
  2. If brown spots appear on yellowed leaves, then Monstere not enough moisture... Abundant watering and spraying will help to correct the situation.
  3. The leaves turned yellow and fell. The reason is in the heat and dryness of the air... It is worth removing the plant from the heat source as far as possible and giving it a shower.
  4. The leaves have become colorless. Symptoms indicate either about excessive lighting, or about a disease called "Chlorosis". A specialized solution containing iron is used to treat the disease. Sold in all flower shops.
  5. Leaves do not form holes and cuts - insufficient fertilization.
  6. The main pests of tropical vines at home are spider mites, aphids and scale insects... They are based on leaves and stems. It is possible to get rid of insects with the help of a soap solution, which must be washed off the plant after several hours. Also in specialized stores there are insecticidal preparations against parasites.

Following the simple rules of care, you can grow a beautiful and lush Monstera, which will delight others with its beauty and will thank the house with clean and healthy air.


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