Step-by-step cultivation of cucumbers at home on the windowsill and on the balcony

Step-by-step cultivation of cucumbers at home on the windowsill and on the balcony

There is not a single person who does not like such a dish as a cucumber-based salad. It is especially pleasant if the cultivation of zelents was carried out step by step on the windowsill or on the balcony with your own hands. There is a category of gardeners that is not limited to the cultivation of tasty and healthy fruits in summer cottages, balcony cucumber - the pride of any specialist.

Is it possible to dream about growing cucumbers on the windowsill or on the balcony

It may seem impossible for many novice gardeners to grow cucumbers on the windowsill, but this is quite real. Of course, you have to work hard to get the harvest, but for those who like to show their talent in agricultural technology, this process is a real pleasure. In addition, such an activity can become a family hobby.
There are no restrictions on the timing of disembarkation. But planting is one thing, and looking after - following a step-by-step plan of events, especially in winter - is quite another. The conditions for success are the installation of a lamp with daylight near an impromptu bed from November to February, proper watering, attention to flowering, pinching and garter. Insufficient illumination negatively affects the growing season.

Due to the absence of time limits, it is possible to plant and harvest fruits at any time of the year.

The best varieties to grow on a windowsill

The main rule of how to grow greens in a room is the correct choice of seeds. Which variety to use for planting? If you take the first variety that comes to hand for cultivation, the development of seedlings will be slowed down, which, most likely, will lead to the death of the seedling.
The following varieties are suitable for cultivating cucumbers on the windowsill.


An unpretentious early ripe variety with a fruit ripening period of 40-42 days from the moment of germination. The yield per square meter is 8-11 kg. To successfully grow this variety and get a large harvest, the main thing is to water it correctly according to the instructions.


The variety that does not require pollination has a long fruiting period. Zelentsy ripen 44-48 days after the first shoots appear. The average yield is 3.5-5 kg ​​per m2.


The characteristic quality of the variety is ultra early ripening, the fruits appear 37-38 days after the mass germination of seeds. Pollination is not required for the plant. 10-12 kg can be removed from 1 m2 with proper care.


A hybrid requiring pollination is distinguished by a high yield (over 25 kg per 1 m2). Ideal for window growing due to its compact lash size and high disease resistance.


The plant, although it has a long lash, adapts well to the home environment. Fruits ripen 47-49 days after seed germination on the surface of the soil. When grown in a greenhouse in compliance with technology, up to 45 kg are removed from 1 m2, at home it is also noted high yield - over 24 kg per 1 m2.

Basic rules for growing

The key to obtaining a good harvest of cucumbers will be the inviolable fulfillment of the basic rules of agricultural technology:

  • Plant only varieties suitable for window cultivation.
  • Conduct disinfection of soil and seeds.
  • Observe the temperature regime typical for each stage.
  • Eliminate drafts.
  • Control the degree of moisture in the soil and air, as well as the level of lighting.
  • Timely transplant and garter, introduce fertilizers and top dressing
  • To manually pollinate flowers of those varieties that require it.
  • Loosen the soil periodically to provide access to the roots of oxygen.

When to plant cucumbers at home?

More often, the sowing of seeds for seedlings is done step by step in March. A month later, the matured seedlings are transferred to separate pots. This decision is due to the appropriate time of the year, when there will simply not be a shortage of good lighting.

What is the most suitable time for planting according to technology?

You can start sowing in January, this is also practiced quite often. There are no strict restrictions on the timing of planting on the street; when determining the period, one should be guided by the opportunity to create favorable conditions for the growing season of the plant.

The right soil for growing early varieties in a pot

For growing cucumbers, loose fertile soil is used. A ready-made universal substrate or a self-prepared mixture of equal parts is suitable: fertile soil, humus, sand, ash, rotten sawdust. Why shouldn't you do this at home? For aesthetic reasons, you shouldn't fill your home with these scents.
To disinfect the substrate, it is necessary to warm it up in the oven. With the help of this procedure, it will be possible to get rid of various larvae and spores, which can subsequently become infected with young shoots.

Preparing seeds for planting

The preparation process for sowing on the balcony does not differ significantly from the usual procedures that are used when growing crops in the open field or in a greenhouse. In addition to disinfection, carried out in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, you need to sort out the highest quality seeds. A feature of home cultivation is the pre-germination of seeds. This must be done in order to determine the exact number of bushes that fit in the box. In the cold season, there is nowhere to transplant adult seedlings, and it is sacrilegious to throw out the developing shoots. Forcing all windows with cucumbers is not a way out, therefore it is better to sow exclusively sprouted specimens.

To accelerate germination of seedlings, it is recommended to treat the seed with a growth stimulator before sowing.

How to plant and transplant at home

Sowing is conveniently done in wooden boxes or separate pots. You can also use plastic cups, it is important that there is a hole on the bottom to release excess moisture. After germination, the seeds are buried in moist soil by 1.5 cm. Until the emergence of shoots on the surface of the soil, the container should be covered with glass or plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect. The temperature regime at this stage is at least 25 °. After 2-3 days, it will be possible to observe how green dots make their way through the soil. After the shoots appear, you need to remove the shelter and reduce the room temperature to 20 °.
It is necessary to transplant mature seedlings with 3-4 leaves in more capacious pots, where up to 5 liters of soil are placed. Also, some owners use boxes where 3-4 bushes are planted per 1 m2.

Shoots are transferred to a new place carefully along with the soil, so that the weak root system is not damaged.

Care for the first shoots and seedlings in the apartment

Caring for seedlings is distinguished by trepidation, it is at this stage that it is important to help the shoots get stronger, which will play a positive role in further development.

Lighting in spring and summer

Cucumbers need a lot of light, therefore, it is better to choose a window sill or loggia for a garden bed on the south or southeast side. On cloudy days and in spring, you need to compensate for the lack of lighting by installing fluorescent lamps. To prevent the plant from drying out in the summer from the sun's rays in the apartment, the glass is tinted with thin tulle. Light shading will protect the whip from ultraviolet radiation.

Additional lighting can be created using mirrors, foil and other reflectors that will redirect sunlight to the bushes.

Watering indoor cucumbers

Seedlings are moistened by spraying. For this, it is better to use a spray bottle. It should be filled only with settled heated water.

Top dressing of seedlings

After sowing, the seedlings are kept in a warmed place with a temperature of at least 23 ° for 25-28 days. During this time, it is necessary to introduce several dressings: the first time 15 days after germination and another 10 days later. It is recommended to use complex fertilizers as a nutritional composition.

Garter of grown lashes

The growing lash needs help - to tie it up.

For the garter, a trellis net is used, which is easier to wrap in a semicircle. After immersing it in the ground and fixing it, you should run the stem on the formed wall. Then he himself will wrap around the net. You can correct it, but do it carefully so as not to damage the plant. Excess antennae are removed.
The garter is also organized with a cord, which is fixed on a specially made frame made of slats. The sequence of the process is as follows:

  • a cord is attached to the top of the frame (from natural fibers);
  • the end of the cord goes down to the root zone of the bush, turns (not tight!) several times around the stem and
  • returns to the top rail;
  • both ends of the cord are tied together.

When and how to pinch?

To increase the yield, it is necessary to form a cucumber bush... Often, the plant lays male shoots on the stem, the so-called barren flowers. To prevent their formation, it is necessary to remove the lateral shoots from the lower part after tying the lash. Next, 6-8 leaves are passed along the stem and pinched (cut off the edge). This procedure provokes the formation of lateral branches, on which the greens are well tied.

Watering and feeding

Only warm water is used for irrigation, the cold liquid inhibits root development and reduces the formation of ovaries in the sinuses. You need to irrigate the bushes once a week. In the summer, the intensity of hydration, if necessary, is increased up to 2-3 times a week. You can also spray the whips throughout the day using warm, clean water.
You need to introduce fertilizer into the soil regularly, about 1 time in 10 days. The first time this should be done 2 weeks after sowing. For these purposes, ready-made mixtures of minerals or organic-based solutions are used:

  • mullein and water (1:10);
  • bird droppings and water (1:15);
  • infusion on onion peel, etc.

How to pollinate correctly

When choosing pollinated varieties, artificial pollination must be ensured, in open ground conditions, this function is performed by bees.
Before you carry it out, you need to learn how to distinguish between barren flowers and female flowers. The female inflorescence is formed on a green seal that looks like a mini-cucumber. The pollination process involves transferring pollen from a male flower to a fertile one. To do this, they pluck the barren flower and open the stamens as much as possible, removing all the petals. All that remains is to touch the stamens of the female flower, repeating the procedure several times (to be sure). This should be done carefully so as not to damage the delicate inflorescence.
How to successfully grow cucumbers on a windowsill? The secret lies in the systematic care of the plants, which will certainly be rewarded with a generous harvest.

If there is no site for sowing cucumbers, and you want to eat homemade cucumbers, amateur gardeners plant vegetables on the balcony or windowsill. In the second case, cucumbers give a harvest even in winter, since the temperature remains in the room all year round from 18 to 25 degrees. After all, it is so convenient to go out onto the balcony and pluck a couple of fresh delicious cucumbers for a salad! But not only cucumbers, tomatoes and peppers are grown at home, parsley and dill also give a good harvest. Thus, preparing a fresh healthy salad of vegetables and herbs in winter is as easy as shelling pears.

In which apartment will it be possible to harvest cucumbers?

For growing cucumbers in winter, a number of conditions are necessary that can be practically met in any city apartment. It is important to adhere to certain rules when building a home garden:

  • Placement - to grow cucumbers in an apartment, window sills are suitable, but only on the south side, the plants are very sensitive to heat and light. If there is a heated loggia or an insulated balcony, you can safely place boxes with cucumbers there.
  • Light - it is necessary in the autumn-winter months to increase the illumination of plants using fluorescent lamps up to 15-16 hours a day. The maximum amount can also be obtained using light reflectors, mirrors or plain foil. Stick reflectors on the glass or position it so that as much light as possible hits the seedlings. You can expand the lighting area by tying whips, which will make the windowsill green and aesthetically attractive.
  • Heat - cucumbers are thermophilic plants, therefore, when germinating their seedlings, a temperature of up to 25 ° C is required. After germination, the temperature must be reduced and kept within 20 ° C during cultivation, but not lower.

It is important to know if you decide to grow seedlings at home! Plant roots on a cold windowsill can slow down their growth rate. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to put insulation under the boxes or pots. As insulation, you can take a board or foam rubber, or any other insulation material.

How to sow cucumber seeds in an apartment: basic rules for growing and step by step instructions for direct sowing

Before you start sowing, you need to choose the right place for growing, as well as create optimal conditions (temperature and light).

Important is the choice of capacity, soil and pre-sowing preparation of cucumber seeds for direct planting.

Location: illumination and temperature

Growing cucumbers in winter is quite common. All kinds of greenhouses are used for these purposes. But if the apartment has a free window sill, or even better, an insulated balcony or a glazed loggia, where you can equip a cucumber farm, then why not grow them at home.

Idea! Place the pot of cucumber away from the door, in the very corner of the balcony; be sure to put at least 12-15 cm thick foam under it (the roots should be warm). Glue or place cardboard with reflective foil on the walls.

The place for placing containers or pots of cucumbers must be selected preferably from the south side (but not at all, you still have to illuminate with lamps), after all, the plant is sensitive not only to sunlight, but also to heat. If it is cold on the window, for example, you have old frames, then by all means seal all the cracks.

With very good supplementary lighting, of course, cucumbers can also be grown on the northern window (balcony), especially on the western or eastern window (you still don't have to shade them from direct sunlight).

The winter sun is not long, and sunshine is important for cucumbers. Therefore, in order (especially in late autumn, winter and early spring), it is recommended to highlight the seedlings special phytolampsproviding 12-16 hour daylight hours. You can also supplement the illumination using conventional (or better full-spectrum) LED lamps.

Advice! Lamps should be turned on in the morning and in the evening (let's say that the light was from 7-00 to 23-00) and kept at a distance of 5-15 cm from the plant.

The best temperature for fast and active growth of cucumbers at home - +20 .. + 25 degrees (but not higher than 30). Note that at temperatures below +17 degrees, growth stops.

Important! The most important thing when growing cucumbers on a windowsill is lack of drafts and sudden temperature changes (including night and day).

Planting capacity

Naturally, you will need suitable containers to grow your own cucumbers. Fit like wide containers (balcony boxes) for several plants and single large pots.

Important! You should not grow too many plants in one container, as they will press against each other - they will begin to compete for food, and this will not allow them to actively develop and increase mass.

Note! The roots of cucumbers do not spread in depth, but along the surface of the earth. Therefore, the wider the area around the cucumber stem, the better!

Naturally, the container must have drainage holes for excess moisture to escape. You also need to remember that a cucumber is a plant with a developed root system, which means that for the plant to be comfortable, the container must be sufficiently voluminous. (at least 5 liters per plant).

Interesting! An unusual way to grow cucumbers at home is to plant them in bags. From above and below, make holes for sowing, watering and draining excess liquid (drainage), and put the bag with earth on a tray where excess water will flow.

Note! You can grow cucumbers in an apartment as with a pick, and immediately in a large container. If you want to transplant, then first plant in small containers (for example, cassettes or 100 ml cups). Then, when the first true leaf appears, dive into a slightly larger container (500 ml), and then (when 2-3 true leaves appear) into the pot - to a permanent place (1 plant per 5 liters).

Suitable soil

For high-quality growth of cucumbers, it is required that the soil is fertile and loose, good moisture and air permeability. These properties are possessed by purchased primer for indoor flowers or special substrate for growing pumpkin crops.

But the best soil for growing indoor cucumbers will be a soil substrate made by yourself. For cooking, you will need the following components: peat, river sand or vermiculite, humus and wood ash.

Attention! After mixing, the resulting fertile substrate still needs disinfect. Moreover purchased soil it is also better to pickle just in case. It should be calcined in the oven for 20-30 minutes, and then spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate, or even better - Fitosporin.

Seed preparation

Before sowing cucumber seeds into the soil, it is advisable to carry out pre-sowing preparation.

Direct landing

Step-by-step instructions for sowing cucumber seeds at home (everything is similar to the standard sowing of vegetable crops for seedlings):

  • Fill in a small drainage layer using expanded clay or other moisture-retaining material.
  • Fill the planting container with soil, but not up to the top (about 2/3).

This is done so that in the future it will be possible to add soil, which in turn will allow the cucumbers to additionally build up the root system and will have a very positive effect on the growth strength of the bush.

The procedure is necessary for subsidence of the earth. If you plant the seeds in a dry and too airy soil, then when watering the seeds will deepen more than necessary.

Note! It is better to sow several seeds at once, and then remove the weakest shoots. Or grow with a pick, but remember that 1 plant should have 5 liters of soil. Or sow so that the seeds are at a distance of 30-35 centimeters from each other (for example, only 2 plants in one middle balcony box 60-70 cm long).

  • Fall asleep with soil.
  • Watering again.
  • The container is covered with glass or covered with foil.

This is necessary to create greenhouse (greenhouse) conditions for rapid germination and the emergence of young shoots.

  • The container is placed in a dark and warm place (the temperature for germination is at least +25 degrees, and even better +27).
  • After the first shoots appear, the film should be immediately removed and the container should be rearranged to a bright, slightly less warm place, i.e. the temperature drops to + 20 ... + 23 degrees.

Video: technology for growing cucumbers on the balcony at home

How to grow cucumbers on the balcony at home

In large cities, you often have to use food from supermarkets. But for those who have a great desire to get fresh homemade cucumbers of their own production, there is a simple and tried and tested way to grow plants on the balcony.

Seed selection

You can buy suitable varieties of cucumbers for growing on the balcony at any store. Sometimes growers indicate this growing method with special marking. If one is not available, you can choose according to the parameters listed on the seed package.

  • Early ripe
  • Self-pollinated
  • Shade resistant
  • No intensive formation of side shoots.

The most popular varieties of cucumbers for harvesting at home or on the balcony: Courage, F1 Home, F1 Urban Cucumber, Balcony Miracle, Adam and many others.

Cucumbers on the balcony: growing technology

For an early harvest of cucumbers, seeds can be planted in seedlings. For this, the soil is calcined in an oven to avoid pathogenic microflora. For this, the soil is placed on a baking sheet in a small layer and placed in the oven for 30 minutes at a temperature of 70 degrees. Next, paper or peat containers are filled with soil and spilled with hot water. Seeds colored green or pink do not require additional processing. Experts recommend disinfecting the rest of the planting material. To do this, they are placed in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes.

Shoots will appear in a few days at a temperature of 25 0. For the cucumber seedlings to grow well, they need an additional light source. It is necessary to water the plants twice a day, in small portions of warm, settled water.

Transplanting cucumber seedlings

As soon as the young sprouts have two true leaves, the seedlings can be transplanted. After there is no threat of frost, the planting is transplanted to the balcony. At the same time, the average daily air temperature is allowed with a parameter of at least + 15 degrees.

Vegetable pots or buckets should be of sufficient size and have armholes to allow excess water to escape. Growing cucumbers in plastic bottles on the balcony is also possible. Previously, large plastic vessels are washed, the upper part with a neck is cut off, then drainage holes are made in the lower part. A small layer of expanded clay or gravel is placed on the bottom of the pot. The soil is used from the same manufacturer in which the seedlings were planted. It is not necessary to fill the containers with soil until the end, since if the roots of the plants become bare, you will have to add soil. Before planting the cucumbers, the soil is spilled with bright pink potassium permanganate dissolved in water. After that, the sprouts are carefully removed from the cups and, without disturbing the earthen coma, are transplanted into prepared containers and watered.

Caring for plants on a balloon does not differ much from country plantings. Basically, regular watering of plants is necessary, and on especially hot days, cucumber plantings are watered twice. In this case, the water temperature should not be lower than the air temperature. Air humidity on such days also matters. To create the necessary air humidity, I install open containers with water, but hanging wet clothes will do. In the evening, plants can be sprayed with water using a spray bottle. If the temperature values ​​exceed +30 degrees, the plants should be protected from direct sunlight. What is a cloth or newspaper attached to the windows.

Hybrids intended for home cultivation, as a rule, do not stretch in length, but even so, if this happens, then the plants are pinched at the stage of 10-12 leaves.

Supports for cucumbers are required, so they are installed along the wall or on the sides of the plants. You can just pull the ropes and tie the plants to them.

Top dressing for cucumbers on the balcony

The first plant feeding is carried out 15 days after germination. To obtain the desired solution, mix potassium (14g) + ammonium nitrate (5g) + superphosphate (3g) and magnesium (4g) and dissolve in 10 liters of water. Cucumber plantings are spilled with the resulting fertilizer at the root.

After 14 days after the first fertilizer was applied, 1 tsp of nitrophosphate and 1 tsp of ash are diluted in a 3 liter can of water. Mix well and make at the rate of 1 glass per 1 plant.

Eggshells are used as fertilizer for cucumbers on the balcony at home. To obtain fertilizer, the shell is washed and cleaned from the inner film, ground and poured into a container with water. For three liters, a shell of 4 eggs is enough. The solution is infused for three days, then filtered and used as directed.

Home planting owners often ask how to feed cucumbers on the balcony during fruiting. As an answer, experts suggest using ash tinctures, since they are effective at any stage of plant development. Add 10 tablespoons of wood ash to 5 liters of water and let it brew for 7 days, occasionally stirring the mixture. This top dressing can be used every 10 days.

Yeast feeding is also used for cucumbers. They contain useful elements such as calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, iron, phosphorus and selenium, all of which are easily absorbed by plants. To obtain a nutrient solution, you need 5 grams of dry yeast, 3 tablespoons of sugar and 5 liters of water. To begin with, the sugar yeast is dissolved in 1 liter of warm water and allowed to stand for about an hour, then the resulting mixture is dissolved in the remaining water, infused for a couple of hours and diluted with water in equal proportions. For one plant, 1 liter of the resulting fertilizer is enough.

Harvesting, depending on the variety, begins approximately 50 days after germination. After reading this article, it will become clear to all those interested in fresh and homemade products how to grow cucumbers on the balcony at home.

Seed preparation

Unless otherwise stated by the manufacturer on the seed packaging, the seeds are disinfected before planting. To do this, they are placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for about 15 minutes, after which they are washed with clean water.

On a slightly moistened gauze or soft cloth folded several times, the treated seeds are laid out for 2 days, providing an air temperature of +23 ° C. When the seeds swell, they must be transferred to the refrigerator for a day.

This video shows you how to do this:

Bitter pepper

I think that bitter pepper lovers will never give up the opportunity to always have a bush with burning pointed fruits at hand ... for for them any dish with hot pepper becomes immeasurably tastier))

It is not at all difficult to grow such a miracle on a windowsill.

But growing such a miracle on a windowsill is not at all difficult. To do this, you only need the presence of the sun in the window for 3-4 hours a day, a pot of soil, and the necessary seeds. And in 2-3 months you will have a gorgeous treasured bush, strewn with medium-sized fruits. And it can bear fruit in one place up to 5 years!

By the way, it is especially worth emphasizing that all representatives of "bitter peppers" are highly decorative and will certainly become a decoration of your home garden!
I don't think I had to persuade you)) It remains only to skim through a few lines of the necessary information.

Suitable varieties

For home cultivation, seeds of early-maturing self-pollinated varieties and hybrids are best suited. To the delight of hot pepper lovers, almost all varieties of hot pepper fully meet their purpose)

Seeds of early-maturing self-pollinated varieties and hybrids are best suited

These are varieties and hybrids:

  • 'Astrakhansky 147'
  • 'Elephant trunk'
  • 'Ukrainian bitter'
  • 'Indian summer'
  • 'Fire'
  • 'The Queen of Spades'
  • 'Sweeties'
  • 'Carmen'
  • 'Super Chili F1'
  • 'Curiosity'

Plants are best placed on south, southeast and southwest windows

Special feedback received two varieties of pepper:

  • 'Serpent Gorynych' - high-yielding, very spicy, burning taste.
  • 'Elephant trunk' - the largest of all hot peppers: the length of its fruit reaches 27 cm.

The necessary conditions

In order for hot pepper bushes to grow and develop without problems, several basic conditions must be met from the very beginning.

  • Prepare a quality soil substrate.
  • Plants are best placed on south, southeast and southwest windows where most of the world... If there is a lack of lighting in winter, it is imperative to carry out additional lighting.
  • To not allow drying out soil.
  • Do not pinch, then the bush will be voluminous and "rich".
  • During fruiting feedas it tends to be abundant and quickly depletes the soil.

You can also choose pepper seeds using our illustrated catalog, where the products of the largest online stores are presented. View a selection of varieties and hybrids of sweet and bitter peppers for your home garden.

Watch the video: Growing Cucumbers Indoors Seed to Harvest