Aporocactus

Aporocactus

Aporocactus (Aporocactus) is of Mexican origin, belongs to epiphytic plants. The plant is found not only on the branches of trees and shrubs, but also grows well among rocky stones, on steep rocky slopes.

The stem of the aporocactus is fleshy, about three centimeters in diameter and almost a meter in height, very branched and hanging down in the form of lashes at maturity. The surface of the stem is ribbed, densely covered with small spines. The color of the stem is a bright green hue, the flowers are crimson or pink. The fruit of aporocactus is a rounded red berry, the surface of which is covered with soft bristles.

Home care for aporocactus

Location and lighting

The lighting for the aporocactus must be bright, but the cactus must be protected from direct sunlight. Indoor windows that face the east or west side will be a favorable place for growing aporocactus. On the southern windows, it is recommended to shade the plant from the sun during the hottest daytime hours.

In the winter months, the formation of buds and the future period of aporocactus flowering depend on full lighting. Therefore, during a short daylight hours, it is imperative to use additional highlighting of the cactus.

Temperature

The temperature regime for aporocactus in spring and summer should be in the range of 20-25 degrees Celsius. During this warm period, the cactus can be outdoors, away from direct sunlight. In the cold autumn and winter months, the plant requires a dormant period with a temperature of 8 to 10 degrees Celsius.

Air humidity

Air humidity for aporocactus does not matter much. Summer spraying from a sprayer is allowed, but not necessary in winter.

Watering

Watering aporocactus during the warm period is regular, the soil should always be slightly moist. In the autumn-winter period, it is recommended to water the cactus after the earthen coma has completely dried.

The soil

The land for growing aporocactus should consist of turf, leaf, peat land and sand in equal amounts. Ready-made commercial substrate for cacti is also suitable.

Top dressing and fertilizers

From March to mid-summer, aporocactus is fed with fertilizers for cacti once a month. After flowering, top dressing is not recommended.

Transfer

Young aporocactus are transplanted every year, and adults - once every 2-3 years. Due to the poorly developed root part of the cactus, the flower capacity is selected at a shallow depth, but wide in diameter. There must be a good drainage layer at the bottom. The soil should be loose, water permeable (for example, a substrate for cacti).

Reproduction of aporocactus

Aporocactus propagates by cuttings and sometimes by seeds.

The best breeding method is cuttings. The long stem must be cut into several pieces of 7-8 centimeters long and dried within seven days. After that, each part is buried a couple of centimeters in a sand-peat mixture and a flower container covered with glass is kept in a warm room with a temperature of about 22 degrees. After rooting, the cuttings are transplanted into separate small pots.

Diseases and pests

The main pests of aporocactus are spider mites, scale insects and nematodes. Fungal disease can begin due to an excess of moisture in the soil.

Popular types of aporocactus

Aporocactus conzattii - has a long creeping stem of a bright green hue, reaching up to 2.5 centimeters in diameter, the surface of which consists of a pair of well-defined ribs (in the amount of 6 to 10 pieces). The cactus is covered with yellow thorns and blooms with dark red flowers.

Aporocactus martianus - the cactus is distinguished by large dark pink flowers, which reach 10 centimeters in diameter, and long stems, the surface of which consists of 8 weakly expressed ribs. The surface of the stems is covered with small gray spines.

Aporocactus whip-shaped (Aporocactus flagelliformis) - differs in a large number of hanging shoots, having a thickness of about 1.5 centimeters in diameter and reaching a length of about 1 meter, the stem is covered with numerous thorny yellow-brown bristles. Flowers - a bright pink hue, fruits - in the form of a round red berry with fine bristles over the entire surface.

Aporocactus. Leaving, Watering, Preparing for Flowering.


Aporocactus - gardening

Gardening »Houseplants with the letter A

  • Garden
    • Berries
    • Flowers
    • Trees
    • Shrubs
  • Garden
    • Cucumbers
    • Tomatoes
    • Spices
    • Roots
    • Potatoes
  • Garden plot
  • Useful plants
  • Greenhouses
  • Diseases and pests
  • The calendar
  • garden tools

Houseplants

Insect garden pests
Some insects reproduce without fertilization (parthenogenesis). In aphids, bisexual and parthenogenetic reproduction alternate. In the process of development, insects undergo a series of transformations, that is, they undergo metamorphosis. Distinguish between incomplete and complete transformation. Incomplete transformation is characterized by the passage of three stages: egg, larva and adult. At the same time, the larvae are similar in appearance and lifestyle to adults (aphids, suckers). With complete transformation, insects go through four stages during their life: eggs, larvae, pupae and adult wasps.

The use of eleutherococcus spiny in medicine
Eleutherococcus prickly is often called a devil bush, wild pepper, prickly berry, prickly berry. The Americans have this unusually cute, exotic, strongly thorny bush with a dozen stems covered with shiny light green five-fingered leaves, better known as Siberian ginseng. The fact is that the preparations of Eleutherococcus truly act no worse than the popular root of life, and in some parameters even surpass it. For example, Eleutherococcus shows excellent results in the treatment of cancer patients. The use of his drugs p.

Sweet pepper juice in folk medicine
Freshly squeezed sweet pepper juice contains silicon, which improves the growth of nails and hair, a large amount of vitamin C, necessary for immunity, vitamins A and PP, B1, B2, B6, E. Moreover, when ripe in the pods, the amount of sugars increases and their vitamin value increases. Sweet pepper juice contains a lot of iron, magnesium, calcium and potassium compounds, and in terms of zinc content it is second only to garlic. Among other things, it contains malic, citric, oxalic, nicotinic and folic acids. To prepare the juice, pepper, after removing the pl.

Automatic systems for greenhouse ventilation
Various horticultural and inventive publications describe many devices that allow you to automate the greenhouse. These are, first of all, airing machines that improve the temperature regime. All of them have both advantages and disadvantages. Electric. They consist of a fan and a thermal relay that turns on the fan when the set air temperature is reached. Advantage - high sensitivity and convenient adjustment, as well as unlimited power. The disadvantage is unreliability, since even a short-term power outage is hot.

January
The main thing that a gardener should do in January is to protect fruit trees from frost and rodents, which are no less dangerous - mice and hares. First, you should periodically check the condition of the strapping of the boles, which are designed to protect fruit trees from rodents and sunburn. Timely correction of the untied harnesses will help keep the trees intact and safe.In order to protect the root system of fruit and berry plants from freezing, it is necessary to make special snow holders. This is especially true in winters with little snow. ...

November
In November, the nights are getting longer. November is the pre-winter with the most unpredictable weather. Frequent weather changes, rains, sleet by the end of the month are very dangerous for many plants, especially stone fruits and berries. It is necessary to gently shake off the ice from them, and destroy the ice crust on the strawberries. In the first ten days of the month, work ends to protect plants from rodents and frost. Even if you whitewashed fruit-bearing trees, despite this, you need to shade their main branches and trunks with spruce branches, reeds, dry raspberries, willow twigs from the south.

Garden blowers
For gardeners, blowers help keep the garden clean and tidy. They systematically blow out the foliage fallen in the autumn from under the trees and shrubs, sweep away freshly fallen snow near the house with a directed stream, form paths and clear paths. Tools with a high speed, very efficiently clean the surface of various garden debris. The gasoline blower features reliability and versatility, good maneuverability, mobility, great power, but produces a lot of noise during operation. Strong attack.

Healing infusions and decoctions from Ivan tea
For our ancestors, Ivan tea was both food and a healer. Soups and salads were prepared from young leaves, shoots and flower buds of the plant, sweetish rhizomes in a ground state were added to flour and used to prepare a pleasant and healthy drink. Nowadays, Ivan tea is usually used only as a medicinal plant. The aerial part is collected during flowering and quickly dried in a perfectly ventilated dry room. Decoction and infusion of the plant are used to treat headache, metabolic disorders, dysbiosis, atherosclerosis, anemia, and ulcers.

Juniper tree - a symbol of eternal life
This small evergreen coniferous tree (up to 10-15 m) or shrub (up to 3 m) belonging to the cypress family, bears fruit with dark blue cones, which are medicinal raw materials. They are harvested in October-November, during the period of full ripeness, when they turn black and blue and dried in a well-ventilated room at a temperature not exceeding 30 degrees. It is better not to use an oven and dryer for this purpose, since overheating the quality of raw materials greatly deteriorates. In a closed wooden container, berries are stored for three years without losing their capacity.

Water tanks
There are different types of water tanks used in irrigation systems. The main criterion by which they differ is the material. Tanks are metal and plastic. Both options have their own advantages and disadvantages. Let's take a closer look at them. Metal tank. The advantages of a metal container for irrigation are strength, and as a result, high resistance to water pressure on the walls of the tank. This makes it possible for metal containers to be more reliable. The second advantage is better water heating.

Medicinal properties of field steel
Field steel is a perennial plant from the legume family with a long (up to one meter) taproot. Its straight, branched, pubescent stem, 40-80 cm high, is decorated with grape-like inflorescences with pink-red flowers, which have a very beautiful appearance. Steel is found on dry and floodplain meadows, often on forest edges and clearings, in rare thickets of bushes, on roadsides. The medicinal properties of steel have been known since ancient times. It has been used effectively to treat kidney and bladder stones. Corn decoction.

Scorzonera
In Chinese and Tibetan medicine, scorzonera is still considered an analogue of ginseng, and many valuable medicines are prepared on its basis. The plant contains a lot of protein, biologically active substances, inulin polysaccharide, vitamins and minerals. Therefore, it is used to normalize metabolic processes and lower blood sugar levels in diabetes, to strengthen the immune system and recuperate after diseases and operations. And Tibetan monks prepare anticancer drugs on the basis of scorzonera. So the interest in this plant is undoubtedly.


Aporocactus - gardening

The Tolstyankov family. Homeland Central America, South America, about. Madagascar. It is a magnificent succulent plant with branching stems and numerous fleshy leaves. All sedum plants are easy to grow and reproduce. Sedum morganianum is an ampelous form with long hanging stems reaching 60-100 cm in length and covered with small leaves of a gray-green color. This sedum is widespread as a houseplant and is very popular for its unusual appearance and unpretentiousness.

Weinberg sedum Sedum weinbergii - shoots are at first erect, with development they become creeping, the leaves form a loose star-shaped rosette. It grows quickly enough, while the stem is very bare from below, so regular renewal is required.

The sedum sedum prealtum - unlike the previous species, is a shrub reaching a height of 50-60 cm and has long shiny leaves.

Sedum thick-leaved Sedum pachyphylium is also widespread, its stems are erect up to 25-30 cm in length, thick cylindrical leaves have a red tip. Usually long stems cannot withstand the weight of thick leaves and the plant needs support or stems outweigh the edge of the pot.

The sedum red-colored Sedum rubrotinctum is also widespread, very similar to the previous species. Its stems are erect, up to 25-30 cm in length, the leaves are thick, cylindrical, the tip is not red, but most of the leaf, especially in sunlight.

Siebold sedum Sedum sieboldii - also has an original appearance - on long stems there are leaves, collected in three pieces together, the leaves are small, blue-green, and the middle of each leaf has a light creamy strip.

Temperature: Moderate, preferably kept at 8-14 ° C in winter,

Lighting: Sedum is a photophilous plant, it feels good both on the west and on the east and on the south window, if nothing shades it, and there is no shade from nearby plants. There may not be enough light on the north window.

Watering: In summer sedum is watered moderately - allowing the soil to dry out, in winter watering even less often, about 1 time per week, little by little. It is clear that if sedum is kept at normal room temperature in winter, then watering should be more frequent.

Air humidity: Stonecrop does not need spraying. Only in the spring, with the onset of the growth period, the plant can be well sprayed to wash off the dust that has settled on it.

Transfer: Stonecrops usually have few roots and the dishes should not be too large. The soil is a mixture of 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand, in addition, pieces of red brick that are ground into powder are added to the soil. Good drainage is a must. The transplant is carried out annually or after 2 years. Transplanting some stonecrops, for example, Morgan stonecrop, should be very careful, because fragile leaves break off easily, and the exposed stem loses its decorative appeal.

Reproduction: Stem and leafy cuttings, in many stonecrops, leaves, falling off easily take root and give new shoots. If the stem is bare due to the fact that the leaves have broken off, then it is better to rejuvenate the plant - by cutting off the top of the stem or rosette and rooting it.

Growing fennel
Fennel is a valuable dietary product, contains vitamin C, carotene, rutin, stimulates appetite, improves digestion. All parts of the plant are eaten: young leaves, thickened petioles (heads of cabbage). Fennel requires very fertile soils. The garden is prepared like this. For 1 square meter add 1 bucket of manure, compost or peat, add two liter cans of prepared sawdust (add 1 tablespoon of urea and 1 glass of wood ash to 1 bucket of sawdust), 2 tablespoons of nitrophosphate t 0.5 - liter jar slaked lime or wood.

Grape juice treatment
Recent studies have shown that grape juice helps cleanse the liver, improves blood formation, improves bowel function, relieves joint pain, normalizes heart muscle function, promotes the excretion of uric acid from the body and prevents the formation of kidney stones. It is advised to use it for nephritis, arthritis, anemia, the initial stage of tuberculosis, gout, rheumatism, neuroses, physical and nervous exhaustion of the body. Grape juice is effective for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and lung diseases, tonsillitis and I.

Reasons for early falling apples
As a rule, trees plant a large number of flower buds, much more than is required for the future harvest. From each fruit bud, 5 to 6 flowers bloom, but only 5-10 percent of them ultimately bear fruit. The rest of the flowers either do not set fruit, or the set fruit falls off shortly after flowering. The June shedding of the ovaries (self-cleaning) is a positive moment in the development of the fruit tree. Often the reason for the early fall of fruits is insufficient pollination of the flowers. The apple tree is a cross-pollinated crop,.

Mylnyanka
This plant is famous for its foam when rubbed with water. This is due to the content of up to 20 percent triterpene saponins (soap substances) in the soap dish, due to which the decoction of the plant foams like soap and is used for washing woolen and silk fabrics. Among the people, soapwort is not considered a poisonous plant, however, according to some literary data, "flowers and roots with water are poisonous when rubbed." It improves metabolism, perfectly dissolves thick phlegm and mucous membranes.

Prevention of diseases of garden strawberries
Garden strawberries are very tender and cannot be stored for a long time. Already after 6 - 8 hours of storage at room temperature, their appearance deteriorates. They can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than two days. During the harvest period, watering of strawberries should be reduced to a minimum to optimize the flavor of the berries and reduce the gray rot disease, which can destroy more than fifty percent of the crop. The main cause of the disease is thickened plantings, excess moisture and nitrogen fertilizers. The disease infects buds, flowers, ovaries and especially berries. On the affected parts of the cart.

The healing properties of flowers and leaves of a sunflower
Nature has endowed the sunflower with valuable medicinal properties. Absolutely everything is useful in it, from flowers to the very roots. For medicinal purposes, yellow marginal petals are used, the infusion of sunflower from which is very effective for chronic ulcers and diabetes mellitus. A handful of petals are poured with a glass of boiling water, insisted for 20 minutes, the water is drained, and the petals are applied to ulcers, wounds, sore spots for the day or night and secured with a bandage. A unique remedy for the treatment and prevention of colds is considered to be a tincture of petals, which are tightly packed (tamped).

Healing infusions and decoctions from Ivan tea
For our ancestors, Ivan tea was both food and a healer. Soups and salads were prepared from young leaves, shoots and flower buds of the plant, sweetish rhizomes in a ground state were added to flour and used to prepare a pleasant and healthy drink. Nowadays, Ivan tea is usually used only as a medicinal plant. The aerial part is collected during flowering and quickly dried in a perfectly ventilated dry room. Decoction and infusion of the plant are used to treat headache, metabolic disorders, dysbiosis, atherosclerosis, anemia, and ulcers.

The use of lilacs in folk medicine
Lilac is an ancient medicinal plant used in folk medicine. For medicinal purposes, lilacs of any kind are suitable, but nevertheless, ordinary lilacs are more effective (flowers, leaves, bark and buds). Inflorescences are harvested during flowering along with branches, and the leaves are harvested in dry weather, until mid-summer. Infusion and tincture of lilac leaves are used in folk medicine for inflammatory kidney diseases and stones in the renal pelvis. To prepare the infusion, two tablespoons of crushed leaves are poured with a glass of hot water, bringing.

Garden hawthorn varieties
The fruits of cultivated hawthorn of large-fruited species and forms are consumed fresh and processed. They are suitable for jam, jam, jelly, marshmallows, compotes. The hawthorn makes a delicious filling for pies. The powdered fruits are added to the baking dough, the whole fried ones are added to make a kind of tea drink. Hawthorn is also used as a medicinal plant. For these purposes, flowers are harvested at the beginning of flowering, certainly in dry weather. Dried by spreading out in a thin layer. The fruits are harvested completely ripe. Dry in the oven.

Decoction of white acacia flowers
The collection of flowers and inflorescences of white acacia is carried out at the very beginning of flowering - half-open. Dry in the shade in a well-ventilated room, scattering in a thin layer and periodically turning over. Infusions, tinctures, decoctions are prepared from dried raw materials. Inflorescences are drunk with leucorrhoea and inflammation of the female genital area. A tablespoon of raw materials is poured with a glass of boiling water, insisted for an hour, filtered. Take a tablespoon 3 times a day before meals. Inflorescence tincture is good as an external remedy for rheumatism. 2 tablespoons of chopped cheese

The use of chestnut in traditional medicine
Chestnut fruits have been used in folk medicine since ancient times. Their most important medicinal property is the ability to significantly increase the resistance of blood vessels, dissolve blood clots, reduce blood clotting, and lower blood pressure. Based on these properties, it should immediately be noted that chestnuts are completely contraindicated with low blood viscosity and hypotension. Horse chestnut has proven itself in the treatment of varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, rheumatism and gout. To prepare a healing potion, the crushed fruits are poured.

Comfrey officinalis
For its medicinal properties, comfrey has received many names - larkspur (not to be confused with larkspur), right bone, lop-eared, omentum and others. Comfrey grows in damp meadows and ravines, in river floodplains and in forests. The most valuable part of the plant is a thick, branched, outwardly black, but grayish-white root in the middle, which is harvested for medicinal purposes in autumn or spring before the leaves appear. In our country, comfrey is widely used for many diseases. The Hutsuls bathed children in a decoction of its roots for rheumatic pains. In Galicia.


Cacti at home - growing and reproduction

The first thing to do is choose the right pot for planting a cactus. Based on the characteristics of the cactus root system, you need to choose a tall pot for planting. Better even if its height is much greater than the width of the pot.

A plastic pot will be the ideal container for planting a cactus. Since the pot, made of plastic, will not allow the water to evaporate, and thus prevent the possibility of soil salinization.

Soil and ground

For cacti, it is more expedient to select certain soil mixtures that contain turf, leafy soil, river sand. The composition of the soil must be selected individually for each type of cactus. For young cacti with white thorns, a soil mixed with lime is recommended, old specimens need peat soil and nothing more.

Correctly selected soil is a guarantee that the root system will not rot and mold. But if suddenly this happens, it is important to clean the rhizome in time and remove all rotten parts from it.

And so having decided on the pot and the soil, it is necessary to proceed to planting a cactus. It is better to do this process in the spring. At the very bottom of the pot, you need to lay a drainage layer consisting of coarse sand or small-sized expanded clay. Further, in three parts, the pot must be covered with the main soil, and the roots of the cactus should be lowered into it. The surface layer must be covered with river sand or small pebbles, the soil should not retain a large amount of moisture.

Lighting and temperature

It is also important to remember about lighting. In the summer, the cactus must be taken out to an even brighter place.

In cities, places with high dustiness, these plants need to be covered with a film, thereby protecting the cacti from ultraviolet radiation and rain. If suddenly burns appear on the plants, then the cacti must be sprayed with a mixture of magnesium sulfate. It is recommended to keep young cacti in the shade, since if the specimen has changed color, then this is a sign of a burn.

According to many, cacti are not only adapted to the hot climate, but in general, they love the sun and warmth, but this is not entirely true. It all depends on this or that type of cactus, on the time of year, but in either case, the temperature should not exceed 35 degrees, otherwise the plant will stop growing and will hurt.


Transplanting cacti

It is necessary to transplant a cactus only when it becomes cramped in the pot. This procedure is carried out in the spring, at a time when the period of intensive growth begins. 2–3 days before the transplant, the cactus should be stopped watering, since the soil should freely crumble from the roots. In order not to hurt yourself on the cactus, it must be wrapped in several layers of paper or high-density fabric.

Young specimens require an annual transplant, and those who are 3 or 4 years old need this procedure once every few years.

The container for planting must be chosen compact, so that the root system fits into it, and there is no empty space. At the bottom of the pot, you need to lay out a drainage layer and add a small amount of the substrate. After that, you need to hold the plant with your hand and lower its roots into the container.

At the same time, with the other hand, you need to slowly pour the soil into the container until it fills the pot. In this case, the surface of the soil should be one centimeter below the edge of the container. The base of the stem must not be buried in the substrate. In order to pour the soil into the pot more densely, you need to systematically tap on its walls.

The optimal composition of the soil mixture for this plant: washed river sand, peat, leaf earth and charcoal. The soil needs slightly acidic and loose. If desired, you can buy soil mixture for cacti in a special store.


Ampel plants for home

If you pay attention to the entire floral and just home-type plant assortment, you will notice that today in apartments, houses, on balconies and loggias, not only small decorative flowers are grown, but also palm trees, vines, succulents, herbaceous plants, shrubs.

The following categories are also distinguished among home ampelous ones:

  • Decorative foliage ampelous: chlorophytum crested, hanging zebrina, selaginella gray, rooting ficus, creeping ficus, southern plectrantus, saxifrage, asparagus, budra, begonias
  • Beautiful flowering ampelous plants: eschinanthus, ivy-leaved pelargonium, columnea, fuchsia, bellflower, achimense, duchenea
  • Ampel succulents: Wood's ceropegia, sedum, Ripsalis cassita, Rowley's rose, crescent rose, whip-shaped aporocactus.


Popular genus of cactus

Selenicereus "Selenicereus"

Probably everyone has heard about Selenicereus. The legendary "queens of the night" are snake-like thorny plants that bloom wonderful, huge and fragrant flowers at night, attracting moths and nectar-eating bats. The bloom of the "queen of the night" is sometimes reported on TV news, and in greenhouses night excursions are organized especially for those who want to see this miracle with their own eyes.

  • The miracle is really worth it. But it is not necessary to go on a night excursion - the "queen" can blossom in your house.
  • Liana-like selenicereus are very undemanding plants. They may well grow in a room, if they are provided with a bright place by the window and a spacious pot with a nutritious earthy mixture.
  • Selenicereus - plants of intensive growth are useful for them abundant watering, root and foliar feeding.

In this type of domestic cacti, long shoots grow in all directions. Since they bend, they can be given any position, tied and simply folded in rings on the surface - depending on your plans and aesthetic ideas.

Unfortunately, the stems of Selenicereus are not very decorative. In addition, it is normal for these cacti to form a mass of aerial roots that do not decorate them (which are looking for additional sources of food and - attention! - strive to grow into someone else's pot). But all this can be endured for the sake of extraordinary flowering.

Frailey - "Frailea"

This is a genus of peculiar plants. Like astrophytums, the fraileys are not in doubt among taxonomy botanists. This group of cacti is completely separate. There are about 30 different types of cacti in the genus and many varieties and shapes. All of them are very small plants with spherical or elongated stems and multi-colored bristle spines.

Such thorns and small tubercles on the stems cover each fraile with a peculiar graceful pattern.

  • Fraileys do not like excessive moisture, but otherwise they are rather undemanding plants.
  • True, if they do not have enough sunlight, they will not open their canary yellow flowers.
  • But, in general, this is not scary, because in frailes, if the flower does not open, the seeds are still tied - cleistogamous. Read more: How to care for a ficus.

This feature is important, since fraileys are propagated primarily by seeds. Cleistogamy provides a consistent source of seeds and, in particular, is why frailia are available in culture. The seeds germinate easily, growing seedlings does not cause difficulties, and already in the second year of life they give buds for a flower they still do not have enough strength, but the seeds from these buds can already be obtained.


Watch the video: Aporocactus flagelliformis