Size of roses -

Size of roses -

Size of roses…. Better late than early….

When, sometimes, sunny days appear in the garden and the spots are less numerous, one is tempted by a little bit of gardening. Remove dead branches as well as yellowed or completely cooked leaves on the ground, clean, prune ...
But in the case of the rose bush, it is important not to act too early in the season. Indeed, pruning in January or February could cause the production of buds which, at the first frost, would be "burned". The rose bush, under these conditions, would not produce flowers ... And that would be a shame, I'm sure you agree with me! So how to do ...

When to prune the rose bush:

We must distinguish the roses uplifting of non-uplifting :

Repeat roses:

• Prune in March or before full vegetation of the rose bush or even in April for the harshest climates.
Returning roses bloom all season long, summer until early fall, on young wood that will grow after pruning

Non-repeat roses:

Prune after flowering in late July or August
Non-rewiring roses bloom on the old wood. In fact, pruning it in the spring would remove a good part of the branches on which the roses grow.

How to prune the rosebush?

Clean and disinfect your tools. This is a small detail, but the rose bush is susceptible to disease and pruning is one of the times when contamination can occur!
Before pruning the roses, you must first remove all damaged, fragile branches ...

Size of shrub or bush roses:

• Aerate shrub roses: the idea here is to give a nice shape and let the plant breathe. Keep the strongest branches facing outward. The rule, leave 1 to 3 eyes per stem. The rose has a superb capacity for growth, do not hesitate about the cut.

Size of climbing roses:

1st step :
• Clean weak branches and cut the oldest branches above a young branch from the previous year. Generally it is easily recognized by its bark more recent than those of old branches.
• Prune all branches perpendicular to 2 eyes.

2nd step:
• Pace the main branches as horizontally as possible. regrowth will take place as regularly as possible.

Tips from the home gardener:
• Be careful with the direction of the cut which must prevent the bud from receiving rainwater.
• At this size, don't cut too far from the eye. 1cm seems the right distance. Cut too far, pruning would produce a piece of "dead wood" at the end of the cut branch, which could "take" with it the eye and therefore the bud, and cause the resumption of branching to fail.

Photo: - wikipedia.org under creative commons license - image has been reworked for Our website

Illustration: Our website - under CC - creative commons license.

Gourmet and new growth?

How not to confuse them?

The recovery of a rosebush is sometimes great…. And new shoots, young non-woody branches, can appear in numbers. How can we be sure that these young shoots are not greedy? The suckers are parasitic shoots, they have almost the same characteristics as the original plant, the "mother" plant. To differentiate the gourmand from the young shoot, we must count the lobes of the leaves of the rose bushes. On the foot of a traditional rose bush, the leaves have 5 lobes, on a rose bush the leaves have 7 lobes.

To distinguish them, we can also watch from which place he the gourmets appeared. If it's above the graft point, it's usually a new growth. On the other hand, if the new branch has developed from below the graft point, then this is for sure a greedy.

Gourmets of rosebushes, should they be removed?

The greedy of a rose will surely cause its death! The gourmands are "parasitic" branches, they develop to the detriment of the original foot of the rosebush. In England, they are called "sucker", "suceurs" in French, because they take all the sap of the shrub and destroy it little by little!

So yes, it is absolutely necessary to remove the gourmand from the rose bush.

summary

Item name

How and when to prune roses?

Description

Pruning roses is necessary to maintain its ability to produce large numbers of flowers. It is an important task which requires knowing some information. When to prune which rosebush, ascending or not, climbing or bush ...

Author

Daniel from Our website

Editor's name

Jaime-jardiner.com

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In February, it's time to prune your roses!

Pruning the roses is an essential step, because it ensures abundant flowering, and the end of winter is the right time to do it!

We are slowly approaching the end of winter. In February and March, now is the right time to prune the roses and give them a new freshness.


When to prune roses?

In autumn for a pre-pruning (except in cold climates!) and at spring for a final size. This main pruning is done only once in the year so as not to exhaust the rose bush with successive small prunings.
Pre-pruning involves removing dead wood and a few old branches at the base and clearing the heart of the rose bush. In the case of shrub roses, the more vigorous ones will be rid of a third of their vegetation, and half for the less developed.
The final size of spring is different depending on the type of rose bushes.

Shrub roses and stem roses

For shrub roses, pruning is done in mid February in regions with a mild climate, until April for harsher climates. In any case, wait until the big jellies.

When pruning the shrub rose, keep in mind its flared cut and keep 3 to 5 twigs, and a few eyes as close as possible to the grafting point. The shorter the cut, the more vigorously the rose bush.

Thus, we will cut a vigorous rose bush that is longer than a less vigorous rose: with the 4th or 5th outer eye starting from the base for a well branched rose, against the 2nd, 3rd or 4th outer eye for a rose with stiff and bare branches.

Miniature roses

In March, prune your miniature roses by removing the frail branches and cut back the main stems to 3 or 5 eyes. You can even prune with shears, as long as you make clean cuts.

Throughout thesummer, do not hesitate to regularly remove faded flowers.
At theautumn, it is preferable to cut all deflowered branches, so that withered flowers and fruits (the famous rose hips) do not exhaust the plant (except in the case of roses with decorative fruits).


Young roses and old roses: a big difference

When a rosebush has just been planted, it is best to trim to 1/3 of its height. At the end of two years, the rosebush must have grown well. Better to fold it down to 22 centimeters above the ground. The older and larger the rose bush, the more it needs to be cut short. This allows a more abundant flowering, but also to regain the shape (if necessary) of the plant which could present low branches.

If it is a climbing rose, after cutting the dead branches, be sure to trellis the remaining branches. To perform this task, you can use small plastic ties specifically designed for this. But you can take a thick kitchen string. The important thing is to guide the branches to keep them moving in the right direction. A climbing rose can be mounted on a wall or on a dedicated structure. On a garden arch, it is sometimes possible to insert the uncut branches into the holes in the structure.

A weeping rose, that is, with hanging flowering, requires more attention. This is due to this particular port which makes all the charm of it. After having planted it at the end of the year (November), it is necessary to carry out a training on a stake in the form of an umbrella. In the spring, you need to do the first pruning above the buds. In the fall of the same year, see how the twigs may have branched off and branched out. Perform one size above the buds that you will see. The more you prune, the more new branches will appear.

Whether they are fragrant or just beautiful, visually, rare are the gardens where at least one rose bush does not grow. The size of it will depend on flowering and its good health. A gesture to be adopted urgently!


4. Pruning shrub roses.

Surely the easiest. As their name suggests, these roses are close to shrubs and their size hardly differs.

Some of our customers cut them directly with a hedge trimmer with very good results.

The pruning of shrub roses is a pruning which consists in restoring a balanced shape to the rose bush.

The severity of the pruning will depend a lot on the final height you desire.

For example, if you want a shrub rose of 1.50m, cut back around 1m and for 1.80m leave a good 1.20m.

Restore a nice round shape and clear the heart if necessary. As we like to remind you, pay attention to the pruning period: in spring for repeat flowering roses, in July for non-repeat flowering roses.

You can perform a rejuvenation pruning of the stump every 4-5 years (cf. refresh pruning in the section pruning shrub roses).


In summary, what to remember when pruning your roses

The moment of pruning is a moment of dialogue with your rose bush. The gardening must remain a pleasure then:

  • Use a sharp, clean tool that fits your hand well with good gloves to prevent injury. Always make bevel cuts.
  • Do not do this work in the rain but in dry weather, for you, but also for your roses. The joy of gardening is the joy of enjoying the great outdoors in good conditions.
  • Haven't you had time this year? Don't panic, that's okay. Pruning every year is not a must for your roses. This is simply the best way to take care of them and have as many flowers as possible.
  • There is no dangerous pruning for the rose bush, unless you cut it off! Simply remember: the more severely you prune the more you stimulate the roses, the less you prune, the more the rose will keep its current development.
  • Roses that have just been planted with bare roots this winter have no no need for size this year.
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