Every year I grow seedlings of peppers and tomatoes at home, and in the spring, with the first warmth, I have to take them to the country. Young plants weigh a lot and take up a lot of space, and all this burden is easy to press down during transportation. Delicate shoots are very easy to break, especially on public transport. And doing this is highly undesirable. Seedlings grown with great difficulty may not start and even die. Reflecting on this problem, I thought it would be good to transport the plants in some kind of tough suitcase. Then my peppers and tomatoes will be protected. Unfortunately, I couldn't find a suitable suitcase. But I did not despair, and I made it myself from improvised means. It will take two plastic boxes of the same size. Even if they are not at home, you can buy them for a penny at any hardware store. In the upper part of each box, in the same place, you need to make two holes with a drill. I do not know how to work with a tool, so my husband helped me to cope with this. I connected the boxes through the holes using a metal cable. Now they lay on top of each other, forming a suitcase. To prevent the cable from unwinding, you need to fix its ends with metal clips. A regular doorknob will do just fine for carrying this homemade suitcase. It needs to be bolted to the top half, placing a plate with holes on the inside for reliability.As a fastener, I used an old belt, which I passed through the hole between the drawers and attached to the surface of the suitcase with superglue. So from improvised means it was possible to make a wonderful practical container. For summer residents, it is simply irreplaceable. I think this thing will come in handy for everyone who loves to grow vegetables outside the city. It is quite easy to transport seedlings in a suitcase. First, together with the root, I dig out the bushes from the pots, and then I wrap them with old newspapers. I also fill the empty space with unnecessary paper. This softens the shocks of the shoots and allows a large number of plants to be stowed in the suitcase so that they do not press on each other with their weight, all these measures protect the seedlings from damage. In such a homemade suitcase, it can be easily and safely transported even on a crowded bus, without worrying about the integrity of the plants.
The culture is sensitive to frost, so sowing seeds immediately in the open is optimal only in warm southern regions. But in the Middle zone (Moscow region), in Siberia, in the Urals, in the Leningrad region and other "cold" regions, it is best to first grow seedlings. Thus, you can definitely get strong plants (without the risk that young seedlings will freeze in the garden, will not withstand competition with weeds), see earlier flowering.
When is the best time to plant salpiglossis for seedlings? Standard terms: second half of March... More specifically, the following variations can be distinguished:
- In the middle lane (Moscow region)- sow in mid-March (plant in open ground in mid-May).
- In Siberia, in the Urals - sowing at the end of March, at the beginning of April (in the garden - at the beginning of June).
- On South- you can land at the end of February, at the beginning of March (transfer to the dacha - in mid-April).
FIVE PLUSES OF ROLLED SEEDLING GROWING METHOD
In the prepared container - trays (we usually have two or three), filled with substrate (soil from the garden, purchased land for seedlings, wood ash and sand), sow pepper seeds, pre-treated with a growth stimulant. We lay out the seeds along the grooves made (the distance between them is up to 5 cm, between the seeds is 1-1.5 cm), we plant them to a depth of 1 cm and cover them with soil, pressing lightly with the palm of your hand. We put on a bag on top and put it in a warm place near the battery. We preheat the earth by sprinkling it with hot water.
After the seeds germinate, we remove the film and rearrange the container to the light, but make sure that the air temperature remains not too high, otherwise the seedlings will stretch out. Watering is moderate, warm water.
At the same time, we put the processed nigella onions in rolls, for which we use dense garbage bags. We tear off the package, wrap one edge along the length so that the width is 10 cm, on top of the resulting film strip we put two layers of toilet paper, which we irrigate from a spray bottle. Having stepped back from the edge of 10 mm, with an interval of 8-10 mm, we lay out the seeds of nigella, previously soaked in a solution of ash and slightly germinated. Then we twist the strip into a roll. We make about ten such rolls from packages.
Next, we put the rolls in a container (I use a small saucepan) so that the seeds are in the upper cut, and we pour water into the container at a level of 2 cm.In the future, you need to control so that the water does not dry out.
When the feather leaves appear, gently unfold the rolls, add soil to the seed, cover with a strip of toilet paper, spray with humate and cover with a strip of film or cut from a garbage bag.
Now again we twist everything into rolls and place in the same vessel with water. Why is this method good?
- Seedlings take up a minimum of space in the apartment.
- The seedling stage is fairly clean.
- Seedlings in rolls do not outgrow: they can be grown without picking.
- It is convenient to transport small-sized rolls to the dacha.
- 100% germination and seed savings.
Then it remains only to cut the roots of the onion seedlings and the tops of the feathers up to 10 cm and transplant them into the holes, abundantly watered, adding only the white bulbs of the plants. The rolls are easily rolled out, the top film is removed and the plants are freely removed along with the paper.
Dig a hole of a suitable size and plant the seedling in it along with the glass. Make an incision in the side of the pot so that it dissolves quickly and does not inhibit root growth. Sprinkle with earth.
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1. We take two plastic boxes, in the upper part of each (along the long side) we make two holes using a drill.
2. Cut off two small pieces of rope. These are the loops for our suitcase. We pass a piece of cable through two holes.
3. Then we pass both ends through the iron clip. Clamp the clip with pliers - the loop for the suitcase is ready. In the same way, we make a loop on the other side.
4. Well, what is a suitcase without a handle ?! In the middle of the "lid" of our suitcase, using a screwdriver and screws, we fasten the door handle. To do this, we put iron plates on each side of the door handle.
5. The suitcase is almost ready, only the lock is missing. An old belt will serve as a lock, which will fasten our garden "casket".
6. Now we are preparing the seedlings for transportation. Each pot, like a bouquet, is carefully wrapped in craft paper. To prevent the paper bag from unfolding on the road, we wrap the pot with a rope or use a rubber band.
The best early varieties of seeds for planting in the Moscow region
Seed selection is not as easy as it sounds. When visiting a gardening store, it is very difficult to "gather your eyes together." The assortment is not just large, it is huge. And in order not to throw money, time and your work into the abyss, it is better to know in advance what variety you came for.
But first, let's figure out why we are talking about varieties for the Moscow region. And because our large country has several climatic zones and in each of them different varieties will be grown, depending on the weather, of course. After all, it is easiest to grow eggplant in the Kuban, and the most difficult in Siberia. In the Moscow region, the growing situation is not very difficult, but varieties such as in the Kuban may not give excellent results.
I think that absolutely any landowner wants to get the harvest as soon as possible. Therefore, the choice of seeds falls on early ripening varieties - early ones. With their help, we save not only growing time, but also our resources. After all, it takes a lot of effort to look after any plant.
Early varieties yield about 75-95 days from planting in the ground.
"Giselle F 1"
This hybrid, one might say, is universal, it is well suited for any region, as well as it does not care where you will grow it in a greenhouse or open field. Of course, the yield will increase if the eggplant is planted in a greenhouse. The size of the fruit is very large, it can reach 500 grams. The length is usually about 25 cm. The color of this hybrid is dark purple.
As for the use, it is suitable for any purpose. At least marinate, at least fry everything will be delicious.
Looking at the packaging of such seeds, you will not immediately understand that this is an eggplant, because this variety has not the usual purple color, but green. Amazing right?
In addition to its unusual color, it has some other features. For example, cold-resistant, which means that it is more resistant to temperature extremes. You can sow already from the end of February.
Do not allow dense planting, the plant does not like this. The best option would be to plant 4 pieces per square meter of land. With this arrangement, you can get almost 8 kg per meter.
The size of the fruit will be smaller than that of the previous colleague. The length is about 15 cm, and the weight is a little over 300 grams.
Gastronomic interest - great for a variety of salads as it goes well with other vegetables. By the way, "Alenka" has a peculiar taste that can be compared to mushrooms.
Another all-rounder, can be planted in almost any region. Specifically, in the Moscow region, landing in the ground is carried out after mid-May. The advantage of this hybrid is resistance to various diseases.
The sizes of the fruits are small, only about 250 grams. However, with good watering, you can harvest a lot. The color, as we are used to, is dark purple.
Well suited for pickling and main courses. They have a delicate taste, not spoiled by bitterness.
This variety can be grown not only near Moscow, but also in colder regions. Differs in hanging frost resistance, yes yes yes even tolerates low temperatures. And plus to that immunity to diseases.
The dimensions of this hybrid are impressive - 600 gr. It has a very interesting shape - round. Such is the big purple ball. In addition, a bush with a plant can reach up to 150 cm in height, so be prepared for such "thickets".
It is versatile in cooking, do whatever your heart desires.
But this early maturing variety is grown only in greenhouses. Resistant to spider mites. The yield is good, as if it will please the eye.
The fruit has a bizarre elongated shape, reminiscent of a bean or pea pod. However, the size of such a vegetable is not small, the length can reach 40 cm, and the weight is about 300 grams. The color of the fruit is deep purple.
Nutritional quality is uniquely high, does not taste bitter and has practically no seeds. Therefore, you can safely prepare any food and preservation.
Cardboard and plastic egg boxes are useful for germinating tomato seeds. These are small containers, it is impossible to fill them with a sufficient amount of soil for large seedlings. At first, before the pick, the seedlings will feel normal there. In cardboard boxes, you need to regularly water the crops and seedlings, and in plastic boxes it is imperative to make holes for water drainage. Both types require a pallet.
How to grow tomato seedlings - in a ready-made beautiful factory container or in home-made containers - is not so important. The main thing is to provide the plants with care, which by the end of the season will allow you to enjoy delicious ripe fruits.