Mirabilis (Night Beauty): growing from seeds in the open field, photo

Mirabilis (Night Beauty): growing from seeds in the open field, photo

Garden plants

Mirabilis (lat.Mirabilis) Is a genus of flowering plants of the Niktaginaceae family, which includes more than 50 species native to temperate and tropical regions, mostly in the Americas, although one is native to South Asia. Translated from Latin "mirabilis" means "amazing". The mirabilis flower of the yalapa species, which is widely popular, is called the night beauty.
This plant combines simplicity and mysterious appeal, filling the garden with an amazing scent. It is unpretentious to growing conditions and unpretentious in care. Mirabilis is often used to form a low but bright hedge.

Planting and caring for mirabilis

  • Bloom: from July to autumn frosts. Flowers open in the evening and close in the morning.
  • Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings - in early or mid-April, planting seedlings in open ground - in the second half of May. Sowing seeds directly into the ground - in early May.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight.
  • The soil: fertile clay or loamy soils of slightly alkaline reaction.
  • Watering: periodic, but plentiful. In extreme heat and drought - from 1 to 3 times a week, but in a season with normal rainfall, you can not water the site at all.
  • Top dressing: 2-3 times per season with complex mineral fertilizers: before the beginning of bud formation, in the middle of summer and at the end of August. From organic fertilizers, humus and compost are used, and mineral compositions applied in the second and third periods should contain a minimum amount of nitrogen.
  • Reproduction: seed.
  • Pests: not amazed.
  • Diseases: root rot, rust, blotchiness.

Read more about the cultivation of mirabilis below.

Botanical description

Mirabilis Yalapa is originally from Mexico. It is a perennial plant with swollen, tuberous roots and is grown as an annual crop. Its elongated-rounded bushes reach a height of 30 to 80 cm. On erect densely branched reddish stems, lignified in the lower part, oppositely arranged on the petioles, elongated-ovate, glabrous whole-edged green leaves. Yalapa flowers - funnel-shaped, up to 25 mm in diameter, white, crimson, violet, orange, yellow, purple, bright red or two-tricolor, opening after 16 hours and closing at dawn - are collected in aromatic apical corymbose inflorescences. In cloudy weather, the flowers can be open all day. The plant is a night beauty has the ability to form flowers of different colors on one bush. For example, one plant can have flowers of all shades of pink from salmon to crimson, and sometimes the petals of the plant are decorated with multi-colored stripes. The fruit of the mirabilis is large, single-seeded, dark brown in color, with sharp ribs. The seeds of the night beauty remain viable for up to 3 years.

Growing mirabilis from seeds

Sowing seedlings

The night beauty flower is propagated by seeds, which must be scarified before sowing, that is, slightly damage their hard shell with a file or sandpaper. Then the seeds of the night beauty are placed in a thermos with warm water for a day. When to sow mirabilis? Seeds of mirabilis are sown in early or mid-April in cups filled with light neutral or slightly alkaline soil: you can buy ready-made soil in the store, or you can make a substrate yourself by mixing two parts of sod land and peat, one part of humus or compost, half a part of washed sand and adding half a glass of wood ash or 2 tablespoons of dolomite flour for every 5 liters of the resulting soil mixture. The cups are filled to ¾ of the volume, the mixture is compacted and abundantly watered with the fungicide solution. Place two seeds in each cup, sprinkle them with a layer of loose soil 1-1.5 cm thick and spray with water from a fine spray.

Crops are placed in a greenhouse and kept at a temperature of 18-20 ºC.

Growing at home

Seedlings will begin to appear in 5-6 days, and as soon as this happens, remove the cover from the mirabilis and move the crops as close to the light as possible. When the seedlings develop their first true leaf, cut the weaker seedling in each pot at ground level so that it does not interfere with the development of the stronger one. At about the same time, you need to make the first top dressing, for example, Solution, Fertik or Krepysh.

Mirabilis at home needs watering only after the earthen coma has completely dried, since it does not tolerate waterlogging. When the seedlings reach a height of 10-15 cm, they are transplanted into large pots by transshipment and fed a second time with complex mineral fertilizer. As soon as the seedlings of mirabilis recover from the pick, proceed to the hardening procedures: within two weeks, you need to accustom the plants to the external environment. To do this, the seedlings are taken out to the balcony or yard every day, gradually increasing the time the seedlings stay in the open air until the night beauty can be there for a whole day.

Sowing seeds in open ground

Planting mirabilis with seeds can be carried out directly in open ground. Seeds are prepared for sowing in the way we have already described, and they are sown in late April or early May. Try to distribute the seeds in the furrow with a step of 7-8 cm. After planting the seeds in the soil to a depth of 3 cm, the area is watered with warm water and covered with non-woven material or film until germination appears. As soon as the threat of frost passes, the shelter is removed. Subsequently, the seedlings of mirabilis will have to be thinned out.

Planting mirabilis in open ground

When to plant

Mirabilis seedlings are planted in open ground in late spring, when the soil warms up and the probability of frost has passed. The area under the mirabilis should be well warmed up and illuminated by the sun, since the plant is very thermophilic. Do not spare space for mirabilis, otherwise it will take it away from other plants: mirabilis is quite aggressive. Mirabilis grows best in fertile clay or loamy soil containing lime, so acidic soils need to be limed before planting. Mirabilis does not like excess moisture, so do not plant it in lowlands or on wet soils.

How to plant

Mirabilis is planted at a distance of 40-50 cm in a row. The depth of each hole should be such that the root system of the seedling with an earthen clod fits into it, that is, the entire contents of the pot. An hour or two before planting, seedlings in pots are watered so that it is easier to remove and transfer them into the hole. After planting mirabilis and sealing the holes, do not forget to water the site.

Caring for mirabilis in the garden

Growing conditions

Caring for a night beauty is not difficult at all, since mirabilis outdoors is surprisingly undemanding. In order for flowering to begin in a timely manner, mirabilis needs to be watered abundantly from time to time. In strong dryness, watering is carried out 1-3 times a week, but if the summer is with rains, then it may well be that you will not have to water the night beauty at all. After watering or rain, loosen the soil around the bushes and remove weeds.

The cultivation of mirabilis involves the introduction of additional fertilizing into the soil two or three times over the summer. The first feeding is carried out at the beginning of the growing season, before the formation of buds, the second - in the middle of summer, and the third - at the end. It is undesirable to use fresh organic matter as fertilizer, only humus and compost. Mirabilis also responds well to complex mineral fertilizers, and the second and third feeding should contain a minimum of nitrogen.

Pests and diseases

The night beauty is very resistant to harmful insects and diseases, but from regular waterlogging it can get sick with root rot. The affected plant will have to be removed, and the soil in which it grew should be shed with a solution of a fungicide, for example, Fundazole. And so that history does not repeat itself, adjust the wetting mode of the site.

Sometimes mirabilis can be struck by rust or some kind of spotting - fungal diseases that can be fought with a solution of fungicidal preparations, but first tear off the affected leaves and flowers on the bushes.

Mirabilis after flowering

If you find it difficult to part with the plant in the fall, dig out its tubers, which look like black carrots, cut the stems at a height of 10 cm: after drying, they will fall off by themselves. Wrap the tubers with thick paper, or better cover them with sand and store at 3-7 ºC. With the onset of spring, the tuber is planted in warm soil or germinated in a pot on the windowsill, and when the heat is established, it is transplanted into open ground.

As you can see, planting and caring for mirabilis is simple and not time consuming.

Types and varieties

As we already wrote, most often in culture they grow mirabilis yalapa, or mirabilis laxative, or night beauty. We gave a description of this type at the beginning of the article. The most famous varieties of mirabilis yalapa are:

  • Iolanta - a rounded bush up to 50 cm high with thick and strong knotty stems that branch strongly in the upper part. Medium-sized funnel-shaped flowers of bright color with stripes along the entire corolla bloom from late June until frost;
  • Red lollipop - a large plant up to 90 cm high with thick and smooth light green stems, branched in the upper part. The leaves of the plant are oblong-oval, simple, wavy at the edges. Funnel-shaped flowers up to 6 cm in diameter are painted in bright red;
  • Elvira - a medium-sized bushy bush with strong and smooth branched stems, dark green oblong leaves with a pointed tip and bright flowers up to 35 mm in diameter;
  • Tee Time Red - medium-sized bushes with smooth, knotty, very branched stems in the upper part, oval-oblong dark green leaves and medium-sized flowers of deep pink color;
  • Tee Time Fomula Mixche - a spherical bush 70-90 cm high with simple oblong leaves with pointed tops on branched, smooth and bare stems in the lower part. Flowers in plants of this variety series are funnel-shaped, smooth, with wavy edges, variegated colors, 25 mm in diameter.

Mirabilis is also grown in culture - a herbaceous perennial about 80 cm high with erect bare stems covered with elongated ovoid smooth leaves. In May, axillary inflorescences are formed on the multifloral mirabilis, consisting of 2-6 tubular purple flowers in one bell-shaped veil with a diameter of 4 to 6 cm.

Known to gardeners and round-leaved mirabilis - a compact plant up to 30 cm high, covered with oval sticky leaves 5-7 cm long.In the apical inflorescences in a common bedspread, up to three purple-pink flowers up to 1 cm in diameter are formed.Like all mirabilis, flowers of this species open in the late afternoon and close with the first rays of the sun.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Niktaginaceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants
  8. Information about Annual Plants

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Plants on M


Mirabilis: growing from seed

Mirabilis is one of those colors, all the beauty and sophistication of which you do not immediately understand. His unusual lifestyle surprises not only beginner flower lovers, but also experienced gardeners. After all, its delicate flowers enjoy not the warm sun, but the cold moonlight. They bloom only closer to sunset, when a night star already appears in the summer sky. For this feature, mirabilis is often called "night dawn" or "night beauty".

Another amazing feature of the sublunary beauty is a huge variety of flower colors. Her "gramophone" surprise with snow-white, pale pink, lilac and purple, carmine and golden shades. But the most interesting thing is that in some species and varieties, this whole palette can miraculously coexist together not only on one plant, but even on one flower. There are specimens with contrasting stripes, specks and spots. Sometimes only one segment of the calyx can be of a different shade.

A lush green bush, all covered with bright flowers, with the onset of evening begins to emit a delicate tropical aroma that cannot leave nocturnal insects indifferent. At dusk, a real fluttering cloud of moths and moths forms over the mirabilis.

This incredible plant comes from Mexico and the northern part of the South American continent, where its wild varieties can be found everywhere. In our latitudes, out of 50 cultural varieties, the Mexican version of the night princess, the mirabilis yalapa, has taken root best of all. Its interesting varieties begin to bloom at the beginning of summer, delighting with their expressiveness and bright aroma until the first frost.


Description of the flower "Night Beauty"

Mirabilis is a flower that belongs to the Niktaginov family. The natural location of flowers is the northern regions in South America, in particular, there are many of them within Mexico. It is found as an ornamental plant all over the world. The flower was brought to Europe in the 18th century.

The bush has a long rounded shape, the length of the plant reaches 80 cm. The roots are tuberous. Branching of shoots is dense, they have a slightly red tint.

The flower can be pollinated, so growing near other, similar plants is quite possible. Usually mirabilis is grown with white, yellow, pink and red plants.

The flowering period occurs in the evening, closer to sunset and lasts until the morning. The diameter of the ratsneia is about 3-3.5 cm. An important feature is a pleasant aroma, it spreads throughout the area. Mirabilis blooms in June and continues until the onset of frost. This plant is often included in the composition of summer cottages, used to decorate gazebos or recreation areas. For more examples of long-flowering plants for summer cottages, see here.


Features and varieties of mirabilis

Floral outfits of mirabilis are rich in bright colors. Crimson, purple, red, pink, salmon, yellow, orange and white flowers with a diameter of 3.5-5 cm can be either monochromatic or variegated, combining 2-3 color tones. Sometimes you can find a completely extravagant outfit: one half of the flower is painted, for example, in crimson, the other - in yellow.

Among the amazing features of the plant the very structure of the flower can also be attributed: it lacks a corolla, and what we perceive as a flower is a cup. In other plants, it is green and inconspicuous. At the mirabilis, a bright calyx with 5 bends, tapering into a narrow tube, replaced the rim. Nectar is hidden in the depths of the tube. At home, mirabilis plants are pollinated by hummingbirds and moths, for which its nectar is a sweet bait.


Beautiful juicy green leaves make mirabilis attractive even after flowering

Flowers are collected in corymbose inflorescences at the ends of the shoots. The lighter the flowers, the longer they are visible at dusk.

In the garden of magical night scents varieties are in the lead with white, light yellow and pale pink flowers.In those corners of the garden, where you visit in the morning, you can also appreciate varieties with a dark color. Variegated varieties, interesting in details of the pattern, are planted where you can come close to them.


Variegated varieties are planted where you can come close to them

Unusual color of flowers of varieties of the Marbles series ("Marble"). As if in a hurry, they were painted with a brush, which is why stripes of different widths, and strokes, and colored splashes appeared on the flowers. 'Marbles white-red' has been awarded a special Fleuroselect prize: carmine red pattern on a pure white background. In the same series, there is a multi-colored variegated variation of 'Marbles yellow-red, heavily painted with yellow, orange, red and pink paints. ‘Marble yellow-white’ - yellow-white.

Varieties with multi-colored flowers are especially spectacular.


Varieties with multi-colored flowers are especially spectacular.

For a bright outfit - an exquisite perfume!

Mirabilis miraculously adds to the list of plants, fragrant at night. Mirabilis delicately uses expensive perfumes. This is not a thick intoxicating aroma of royal lilies, but a light delicate bouquet of floral and spicy notes, perceptible only at close enough distance.

However, already a small flock of these charming plants will make you turn off the path and come closer to them. Fragrance is difficult to analyze and describe. The scent of mirabilis is reminiscent of vanilla for some, orange blossom for others, tropical jasmine and gardenia for the third. But let's not offend the night beauty by comparing with fragrant rivals and call her perfume simply - unique!

Mirabilis Yalapa very fertile... You can generously present all your neighbors and friends with seeds of your own collection.


Mirabilis Yalapa is very prolific


Plant care

The scent of a night beauty and the abundance of flowering bushes directly depends on the care of the plant. There is nothing complicated, you must follow simple rules.

  1. Top dressing. It is carried out by introducing complex mineral compositions into the soil. 3-4 dressings are performed per season.

Important! In no case should organic matter be used as fertilizer for a night beauty. It is very detrimental to the root system of this culture.

  1. Watering. Mirabilisa tolerates drought better than moist soil. therefore watering should be regular, but not plentiful. Increasing watering is required only during the period of bud formation.

As a rule, it is enough to water the bush twice a week, subject to hot weather. Watering is performed in the evening. And, on the contrary, if rains prevail in the summer, watering the plant is completely excluded.

On a note! After abundant moistening of the soil in the habitat of the night beauty bushes, it is necessary to loosen the ground under them well. Weeding and loosening the soil improves air access to the root system.


Flowering period

Landing a mirabilis is a simple matter. You can wait for it to bloom in mid or late June: it just flashes with abundant multi-colored "lanterns" peeping through the gaps between the leaves. The range of beer colors for our places is from yellow to raspberry.

But on the flower beds, you can often see phenomenal colors: one bush collects all possible colors on itself and pleases the eye with white, yellow, pink. There are also frank "minke whales" among these plants, when, as a result of too active pollination, the flowers of mirabilis get both "maternal" and "paternal" colors.

We have the best Peruvian mirabilis variety called Yalapa. Bushes of this species reach 60-80 cm in height, they are quite branched and dense. They look great both in green (during the day) and in blooming (in the evening).

Among other things, the mirabilis flower also has an invaluable psychological effect: its fabulous evening appearance and its incomparable aroma can calm the most shattered nervous system.

Translated, the name of this plant sounds like "amazing" and the flower fully justifies it, never ceasing to amaze us with its modesty and sophistication.

Experienced gardeners are a thousand times right when they say that it is not roses that decorate the garden, but such modest flowers that serve as a background, but without which all beauty on earth would be lost.


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