Growing raspberry or raspberry

Growing raspberry or raspberry

Raspberry with maple leaves

My garden is decorated with an unusual shrub. In the fall, when it sheds its leaves, it looks like a regular raspberry. In summer, its shoots are covered from top to bottom with luxurious bright green, slightly pubescent large leaves. They are similar in shape to maple leaves, only larger and velvety. The plant is called raspberry.

The shrub has all the properties of a raspberry. Semi-spreading bush. It contains the shoots of the current year and the shoots of the last year. Their length reaches 1.7 m, but the height of the bush does not exceed 1.3-1.4 m due to the fact that they, gracefully bending in arcs, lean towards the ground. Young shoots and leaf stalks are colored in the color of the brightest boiled beet. This color is given to them by numerous soft hairs sticking out in all directions, like small spines.

If you stroke such velvety shoots, then a pleasant fragrant glue remains on the hand, which the glands on the hairs secrete. Because of this smell, raspberry is called fragrant raspberry. By the end of summer, young shoots turn brown, their green peel with raspberry skin dries up. In the second year of life, the shoots are light brown with a flaky outer layer.

As befits a raspberry, it blooms and bears fruit every year. Her flowers are large, up to 5 cm in diameter with five rounded crimson-pink petals, very decorative. The core of the flower is densely covered with light yellow stamens. The flowers are collected in large inflorescences on dark crimson petioles with glandular hairs, as on leaf petioles. The flowering period is very extended, due to which the bush stands adorned with flowers from July to September.

From the end of July to the end of summer, berries ripen one after the other, bright crimson, ideal hemispherical shape. Juicy, with very small bones, sour-sweet, they are very pleasant to the taste. And their aroma is pleasant, peculiar, soft. This flavor persists in the jam. It is not at all like the aroma of our regular raspberries. These berries - in several pieces - can be added to jams from other berries - for a bouquet. Unfortunately, fragrant raspberries have a rather thin layer of tasty pulp. Therefore, the berry looks rather large, but there is little edible in it.

Fragrant raspberries come to us from eastern North America, where they grow wild on rocky forest slopes. She is quite winter-hardy and feels great in the conditions of our region. No cover required. In rare cold winters, the ends of the shoots can freeze. Practically does not get sick, and pests were not noticed on it. It can be planted in the sun, or in a semi-shady place. Its main requirement is that the soil should not be too acidic. Loves loose and fertile soil (who doesn't love it), well moisturized.

If there is no such soil near the bush, he will look for it with the help of underground stolons. For example, one of my bushes was planted in sour sandy loam overgrown with perennial weeds. For several years, the bush, it would seem, did not grow. But after three years, he suddenly gave out luxurious root shoots on a potato field located 4 meters from the bush! That's how cunning he is, this raspberry-tree. But on good soils it grows very quickly, forming lush bushes.

Fragrant raspberries are easily propagated by root shoots, like common raspberries. It can be planted in autumn in September or early spring. After planting, the bushes must be cut to 30 cm, no matter how sorry it is. The distance between the bushes when planting is 60-80 cm. Growing up, they very quickly form solid thickets. The soil for planting is dug on the bayonet of a shovel, a bucket of compost is added per square meter of area and a complete mineral fertilizer is added - according to the instructions for this fertilizer.

Care is the same as for ordinary raspberries: loosen the soil, remove weeds - this must be done in the first year after planting. Mature bushes do not allow weeds to grow on their territory. In early spring, it is advisable to give fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers, in early June - fertilizing with full mineral fertilizers. In the fall, you need to cut two-year-old shoots to soil level. If possible, you need to apply organic fertilizers - once every 2-3 years. Plants will immediately perk up after such a gift and will not remain in debt - they will smile with beauty and fragrant berries.

L. Bobrovskaya, gardener

Description of fragrant raspberries

Fragrant raspberries come from North America, and not from Siberia, as is commonly believed. In America (Oregon), the shrub grows on wooded slopes. Under natural conditions, the height of the bush is much more than two meters. In culture, it is lower, usually 1.2 - 1.5 meters, although taller shoots often grow. In autumn, the bark of mature shoots becomes brownish-brown, without thorns. The color brightens the next year. "Nettles" (young shoots) are hairy, with a pleasant aroma that remains on the skin of the hands for a while. The growing season is from April to October (inclusive). Of course, subject to specific weather conditions.

Leaves fragrant raspberries are similar in shape to maple ("raspberry"). They are bright green, rather large (from 10 to 20 cm wide, there are more), simple, three-lobed or five-lobed. They keep on long petioles. The leaf surface is slightly pubescent. In the period of golden autumn, the leaves of fragrant raspberries turn yellow.

Flowers large (up to 6 cm in diameter, five-petal) crimson (pinkish-red). There are varieties with white and light pink wavy petals of flowers. The central part of the flower with fluffy stamens shines with gold. Raspberry flowers are single or collected in small inflorescences. Their aroma is pleasant. The flowering is extended, it begins in the first half of June and lasts until autumn.

Fruit reddish, crimson color. They can be quite large (about 2 cm). Their number largely depends on the planting material and the quality of agricultural technology. The taste of large berries is "for everybody's taste": some call it soft, sweet and sour, others expressionless or sour. The layer of pulp in fragrant raspberries is thinner than that of the best varieties of garden raspberries. From fragrant raspberries, a wonderful jam is obtained, which has a special aroma. Its fruits, when cooking jam or compotes, are sometimes added "for charm" to other berries.

Fragrant raspberry - raspberry

Few have even heard the name of this plant: fragrant raspberry. Otherwise, it is called raspberry - for large, up to 20 cm wide, 3-5-lobed leaves, with sharp ovoid-triangular lobes, similar to maple. Or scientifically - Rubus odoratus.

The homeland of this shrub is the eastern part of North America. Fragrant raspberries grow there on rocky forest slopes. The plant can reach 3 m in height, although I have it not higher than 1.5 m.

Fragrant is very decorative during abundant flowering and fruiting. The flowers are large, up to 5 cm in diameter, pink-purple, with a pleasant aroma, in paniculate inflorescences. Blossom in early June, blooms throughout the summer. Fruits are flat, pink-red, edible but sour, ripen at the end of July.

When doing pruning of this plant, you can not be afraid of pricking. Young shoots are hairy, without thorns, and old ones are smooth, light brown, with peeling bark (like honeysuckle). The leaf blades are also pubescent. One has only to touch a leaf or a young shoot, there is a feeling as if he touched something viscous and greasy.

Fragrant raspberry blossoms and bears fruit from the age of six. Hardy, although the ends of the shoots sometimes freeze slightly, shade-tolerant, gives many root suckers.

I propagate raspberry by green and root cuttings. With green cuttings, I take side shoots, the main ones take root poorly. I harvest the root cuttings in the fall from 8 cm long roots, put them in the cuttings, sprinkle them with sand. In the spring, after germination, I plant it on the ridge and cover it with rotted manure on top, water it.

When pruning fragrant raspberries, I remember that its stem grows strongly only for a year and ends with an underdeveloped fruit bud, other fruit buds are located lower along the stem in the leaf axils. The next year, the stem no longer grows in height, and fruit branches develop from the fruit buds, which give a crop, after which the stem dries out to the base, and in its place during the summer, shoots grow from the base or from the roots, which also live for two years. Therefore, after two years of life, I cut out the entire raspberry shoot to the ground. So I take care of fragrant raspberries.

Like any other raspberry, fragrant prefers loose, humus-rich soil. Therefore, when planting, I add a bucket of humus or leaf compost, a little ash, superphosphate or ground burnt bones to the pit. I don't add nitrogen fertilizers. Care is the same as for ordinary raspberries: watering, loosening the soil, fertilizing.

Of the pests of fragrant raspberries, the most dangerous is the spider mite, which, in favorable conditions for it, multiplies in such a huge amount that you have to cut off the affected leaves and burn them, because infusions and decoctions of garlic, tomato tops, etc. do not always help in the fight against it. I did not notice other pests.

This raspberry can be used for hedges, landscaping of reservoirs, in a solitary plant near an alpine slide.

Raspberry: summer, autumn, remontant

The best time to plant raspberries - autumn, while the soil is still warm and dry. If there is a threat of early frosts, it is better to postpone the planting in the spring. Choose seedlings with well-developed, powerful roots. Raspberry grows best on light sandy loam and loamy soils with permeable subsoils. The shrub should be fed with organic fertilizers annually.

Summer raspberries it is better to plant in a sunny area with loose, humus-rich soil, tying it to a wire trellis.

Summer raspberry pruning carried out in the middle of summer, preferably immediately after harvest. Cut all biennial branches (they are darker) as close to the ground as possible. Leave 8-10 stems per linear meter of annual light green, strong shoots. Tie them up. Cut all weak young shoots at the very base.

For information on how to shape bushes using two pruning, you can learn from the publication Double pruning raspberries.

Who will remain indifferent at the sight of ripe fragrant raspberries! When picking ripe berries, only the receptacle ("cone") remains. Advice: The berries should be eaten as soon as possible, as raspberries quickly lose their flavor!

By harvest time raspberries are divided into two groups: summer and autumn. The main time for collecting summer falls in June - July. If you plant both summer and autumn raspberries on the site, then from the end of June, almost until the very cold weather, there will always be fresh and fragrant berries on your table. Summer raspberries flowers and, accordingly, fruits are formed on the shoots of last year. Growing such raspberries is somewhat more difficult than autumn ones.

Autumn raspberries
forms flowers and berries on annual shoots that appear in spring. After fruiting, in late autumn or early winter, they are completely cut out.

The raspberry has purple-fruited stems and calyxes of flowers are covered with "harmless" needles. It bears fruit in early autumn.

Recently, a new species of these dwarf shrubs has appeared on sale: remontant raspberry, which bears fruit twice a season. In the first year from August to October, annual shoots bear fruit. The next summer, the berries are also tied on biennial branches. But this is only possible if follow all pruning rules:

  • In late autumn, you need to cut out every second shoot, and the thickest and oldest of them should be removed.
  • The tops of the remaining stems must be cut off just below the fruit brushes, from which they have already harvested, then berries will appear on them in the summer.
  • After the second harvest, the branches must be cut to the ground.

Advice: use a similar pruning technique for autumn raspberries.

Left: Raspberry with yellow berries 'Autumn Sun'. Large and soft yellow berries. The harvest is plentiful. On right: Raspberry with 'Black Jewel'. Berries from red-purple to blue-black. The stems are dark purple.

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Choosing a site.

Malinoklene prefers sunny places, although it can grow in shady areas. The shrub can be planted near the forest area of ​​the garden, but then the berry yield will be much lower. Undemanding shrubs can quickly adapt to non-fertile soil if there is no fertile soil. It is more correct to plant or plant raspberries in autumn, until mid-October or in spring, in the month of April. Flowering raspberry

The soil is specially prepared, holes are dug, fertilizer is applied. After planting, the seedlings are well watered and looked after. How to feed and water fragrant raspberries? Watering raspberries is necessary very often, but oversaturation should not be allowed. At the beginning of the season, it is good to use organic matter (for example: decomposed horse manure, mix half a bucket and pour it under the bush, thereby mixing with the soil). The leaves are very similar to maple leaves.

After the month of July, ash is added, about two glasses. It is not bad to feed and fertilize with minerals: in the spring, in the month of March, you can add azophoska, approximately a tablespoon of nine liters of water during the flowering period - superphosphate (approximately 3-4 teaspoons per bucket of earth, mix and pour under several bushes of fragrant raspberries) and potassium sulfate (3-4 teaspoons per bucket of water for irrigation about 5 bushes) after the fruiting - potassium sulfate (2 dessert spoons per nine liters of water).

How to form a malinocle?

Form root shoots at the shrub: leave six to seven new shoots, cut off the bad ones. In the spring, last year's long stems are necessarily shortened. In autumn, the top of the shoot is cut off, on which the berries were located, approximately 28 cm from the top. Raspberry fruit

Raspberry shrubs, like common raspberries, expand rapidly and give a massive root system and sprouts. It must be removed so that it does not spread to nearby areas.

How to prepare fragrant raspberries for winter?

Malinoklene is resistant to cold and frost. The ends of the shoots must be covered, otherwise there is a risk that the bush will freeze. In the month of November, it is useful to put fertilizer or manure under raspberries to warm the root system, this is in case the winter months will be without snow.

Fragrant raspberries have one characteristic and important advantage: they are practically not afraid of parasites and they are not afraid of fungal diseases.

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Many gardeners prefer a simplified way to plant basil: growing without seedlings (seeds in open ground) is faster and more problem-free. As soon as the threat of frost return has passed, the seeds are sown in the beds. To do this, choose the quietest and sunniest place, protected from winds and drafts. The soil should be loose and light, rich in humus.

Caring for the plant during the period of germination and active growth consists in frequent abundant watering, loosening the soil and periodic fertilization. Harvesting of the basil takes place after the full formation of the bush. In place of the torn leaves, new branches will form, bringing even more fragrant greenery.

For more information about the technology of growing basil and proper care for it, see the video:

Watch the video: Planting Out Autumn Raspberries Bare Root