Asparagus

Asparagus

Asparagus (Asparagus) is a perennial plant from the Asparagus family. Sometimes it is also called asparagus, although most often this word refers only to edible species. In total, there are about 300 species in nature. They live on two continents at once: in Africa and Eurasia.

Asparagus is popular in floriculture not only for its spectacular appearance. This plant is able to purify the air and neutralize the effect of harmful substances contained in it. At home, a free space is suitable for asparagus, where branches can grow without constraint and tight neighborhood with other pots.

Description of asparagus

The genus of asparagus unites herbaceous species, vines, and also small shrubs familiar to flower growers. At the same time, many species have an interesting feature: the processes of photosynthesis in them do not take place in the leaves. Instead of foliage, special shoots - cladodia - grow on asparagus stalks, and the foliage itself is represented by tiny scales that are almost imperceptible to the eye. Almost all types of asparagus bloom with small, inconspicuous flowers, with or without a smell, after flowering of which small red spherical fruits are formed.

Despite the outward difference, asparagus has some structural similarities with the lily: it was even included in the Liliaceae family. Asparagus flowers have two sexes, while flowers of different sexes are usually located on the same plant. Asparagus rhizomes are formed from a series of tubers capable of storing moisture. This property helps the plant survive in harsh arid conditions.

It is impossible to cut off some species of this plant, after which its stems do not branch, but stop growing. This feature is associated with the structure of the rhizome. It is from it that all young shoots appear, and their number was laid even before the beginning of the growing season.

At first glance, asparagus may seem like a nondescript plant, but the love for it among flower growers does not fade over the years. And the thing is that it fits perfectly into any home environment as an independent plant or as a background plant, because of its green and fluffy twigs, which can serve as components for making flower arrangements.

Asparagus. Planting and leaving.

Brief growing rules

The table provides a quick guide to caring for asparagus at home.

Lighting levelShould be tall, but the plant prefers diffused rays.
Content temperatureOn summer days, it should not be higher than +25 degrees. In winter, cooler conditions are preferred - about +15 degrees.
Watering modeTo prevent diseases, the plant should be watered through the pallet. In summer, this is done when the top of the soil dries out. In winter, the earth is rarely moistened, but they try to prevent the coma from completely drying out.
Air humidityThe air humidity should be increased by daily spraying. You can even do this twice a day. It is recommended to use damp moss or a drip tray with wet pebbles to further increase moisture.
The soilThe optimal soil consists of turf, leafy soil and humus with the addition of half the sand.
Top dressingThey are held regularly, including in the autumn-winter time. Only their schedule changes: during the growth period, it is required to fertilize asparagus weekly, in the fall the interval is doubled, in winter, monthly feeding will be enough. You can use standard formulations for plants with beautiful leaves in low concentration.
TransferTransplants are annual until the age of 4-5 years. Mature plants are transplanted every three years.
PruningOld stems are removed in early spring.
BloomAsparagus blooms when grown at home are very rare.
Dormant periodThe rest period is considered mild. In winter, asparagus slows down.
ReproductionSeed, cuttings, division.
PestsSpider mite, wax bug.
DiseasesDiseases, as a rule, are associated only with mistakes in care.

Important! Asparagus berries contain poison, but at home the bushes rarely bloom and do not bear fruit without artificial pollination.

Home care for asparagus

Due to its unpretentious care, asparagus can be grown not only by experienced indoor plant lovers, but also by novice flower growers without special skills.

Lighting

Asparagus is a light-loving plant. Despite the plant's love for the sun, during the day its direct rays can harm it. An east or west direction is best for a pot of asparagus. In the morning and in the evening, asparagus can safely sunbathe. If the flower is near the southern windows, it should be kept away from the windowsill.

The plant can grow not only on the windowsill, but also in a hanging pot as an ampelous one, freely hanging down its fluffy shoots. It has no special requirements for the neighborhood with other plants.

In the summer, asparagus can be taken out to the balcony or garden, but the plant will need a series of preliminary hardening procedures. For placement, they select a place sheltered from precipitation and bright midday rays, as well as protected from drafts.

Temperature

In terms of temperature conditions, asparagus is unpretentious, it will be quite satisfied with the usual average room temperature throughout the year. In summer, the flower should be protected from extreme heat; a long stay in such conditions can negatively affect its health. Asparagus will develop best when the room is about +23 degrees.

In winter, it is advisable to keep the bush at temperatures up to +15 degrees. A hotter room with any humidity can lead to leaf fall. In this case, you need to cut off the old bare shoots so that new shoots begin to grow in the spring.

Watering mode

In spring and summer, when asparagus is actively growing, the plant is watered regularly and abundantly. This should be done after the top layer of the soil has dried. In the autumn-winter time, after that, you need to wait about two more days. It is undesirable to both dry out the earth in a container and overmoisten it. To avoid this, it is recommended to water the plant through a tray. After pouring water into it, you need to wait about half an hour, and then pour out the unabsorbed residues. With normal overhead watering, excess water from the sump must also be drained. Due to its structure, asparagus will tolerate a slight drought better than overflow.

Humidity level

Like all asparagus, asparagus grows well in high humidity, requires regular spraying with settled water or rainwater, otherwise thin leaves begin to sprinkle in very dry air.

Asparagus especially needs constant spraying in the heat of summer or during the heating season. You can moisten the bush in the early morning or in the evening, before sunset. Additionally, containers with water, expanded clay soaked in water, or moistened sphagnum can be placed near the plant, but such procedures are still combined with spraying.

The soil

As for the soil suitable for growing asparagus, then you can choose a universal store mixture, or prepare it yourself. A mixture of double parts of leafy earth and humus with the addition of a part of coarse sand is used as a soil. You can also add a double piece of sod there. The presence of drainage in the pot is also a must.

Top dressing

Asparagus needs year-round feeding, only their frequency changes. In winter, it is enough to fertilize the plant once a month. In the fall during the same period, feeding is carried out twice, and in the summer and spring - weekly. You can alternate mineral compositions with organic ones, trying to water the plant with only weakly concentrated solutions.

It is recommended to use nitrogen formulations only during the growth period. At other times of the year, they can interfere with the proper rest of the bush. Together with a lack of lighting, an excess of nutrients can lead to stretching of the shoots.

Transfer

The asparagus bush is considered an adult only from the 4th or 5th year of life. Until that time, the plant is transplanted annually, in the spring. The formed bushes are moved 2-3 times less often. The new capacity should slightly exceed the old one in volume. Too large a pot will lead to the growth of rhizomes to the detriment of the green mass. The frequency of replanting is associated with the active growth of the plant roots.

The old earthen lump is completely shaken off and the roots are checked for the presence of rot. The affected areas must be removed to prevent further infection, and healthy roots are slightly shortened. To insure the rhizomes from waterlogging, a drainage layer is laid on the bottom of the container. You can use expanded clay, clay shards of old pots, shards of broken brick or pieces of styrofoam.

The transplanted asparagus is watered abundantly, and after a week they are fed.

Pruning

The plant does not need regular pruning. If necessary, sanitary procedures are carried out in the spring: during this period, all old stems left without foliage should be removed. They are cut to the required height, trying to leave several internodes, from which fresh shoots can appear. Moderate pruning helps stimulate young growth.

In Meyer's asparagus, all the stems move away from the rhizome, and its old shoots will not branch, therefore, the formative pruning of such a plant is not carried out.

Bloom

It is very rare to admire the flowers of domestic asparagus, for this it is necessary to fully comply with all the requirements of the plant. Asparagus inflorescences appear on the tops of the shoots, they are formed by small white flowers with yellowish stamens. At the same time, fruits can set only after artificial pollination - the transfer of pollen from one flower to another. In this case, a berry is formed in place of the flower, usually it has a bright red color.

Virulence

The bright fruits of asparagus cannot be eaten - they are considered poisonous, but when grown indoors, such berries can appear only due to artificial pollination. Usually this method is used to obtain plant seeds, but if there are children or pets at home, you should not risk it.

Breeding methods for asparagus

There are three ways of propagating asparagus: dividing the bush, propagating by apical cuttings, and germinating seeds. At home, the first two methods are usually used.

Growing from seeds

Under indoor conditions, asparagus seeds can be obtained by waiting for flowering and dusting individual flowers. Sowing should be started immediately after fruit ripening and seed collection. This usually happens in winter or early spring. The seeds can also be purchased in stores.

The sowing tank is filled with light sandy peat soil. Seeds are sown on moist soil at a shallow depth, the container is covered with glass or foil and placed in a lighted place. Condensate from the film is periodically removed by opening the container for ventilation. If necessary, the soil is re-moistened with a spray bottle. At a temperature of about +23, seeds begin to germinate in a month. When the seedlings grow up to 10 cm, they are dived into seedling cups. Young asparagus are distributed in full-fledged individual pots at the beginning of summer, transplanting them into soil from leafy soil, turf, humus, peat, and sand. From this time on, caring for them no longer differs from caring for adult plants.

Cuttings

The beginning of spring is suitable for propagation of asparagus by cuttings. For these purposes, healthy adult stalks about 10-15 cm in size are cut from the bush. In order for them to take root, they are planted in a container with wet sand. The seedlings are covered with foil or jars and set to light. The room temperature must be at least +21. Periodically planting is aired and watered. If all conditions are met, rooting should occur within 1-1.5 months. The grown seedlings can be distributed in separate pots. The soil for them will no longer differ from the mixture for adult asparagus.

Dividing the bush

Overgrown asparagus bushes during transplantation can be divided into several parts. Each should have enough roots and at least one growth point. The root ball is carefully cut or torn, be sure to process the cut points. Roots that are too long can also be trimmed slightly.

Delenki are distributed in individual pots filled with soil suitable for adult specimens. Due to the fact that division is considered a painful procedure for a flower, it may hurt for some time after it. Until complete recovery, such plants are not fed so that the nutrient solution does not burn the roots.

How to plant and grow Asparagus from seeds correctly? / houseplant asparagus

Pests and diseases

Asparagus is not susceptible to disease, the main problems with the flower can only be caused by improper care of it. Over-watering can cause asparagus roots to rot. Sluggish and drooping shoots will testify to this. In this case, you can lose the plant, so the disease is easier to prevent than to get rid of its consequences. Small foci of root and stem lesions should be removed, the sections disinfected and the plant transplanted into a new pot.

  • Asparagus foliage falls off - due to an excess of direct sun or high dryness of the air in the room. In addition, in a too dark place, the leaves may also begin to fall off. Due to the lack of light, asparagus can slow down growth and bush worse.
  • Stopping stem growth after pruning - a normal phenomenon, cut stems no longer grow, but after a while new young growth may appear on the plant.
  • Spots on the leaves - may cause burns from exposure to bright sunlight. A large number of these spots often lead to yellowing and subsequent fall of the asparagus leaves.
  • The plant slows down its growth when nitrogen and iron contained in the soil are depleted, therefore, regular application of mineral fertilizers to the soil is the key to its healthy development.

Of the pests, the spider mite is considered the most dangerous for asparagus. So the edges of the cladodia in the sickle-shaped asparagus, attacked by a tick, are deformed. After treatment, only fresh leaves acquire a normal appearance. Due to the fact that asparagus does not like chemical treatments, as long as the situation allows, folk methods of insect control are preferable. You can try to get rid of small lesions by treating with soapy water, infusions of onion peels or garlic.

When asparagus is infected with wax worms, black spots may appear on the stems and leaves, which can result in the death of the entire plant. To eliminate this problem, colonies of pest worms are removed with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol.

Types of asparagus with photos and descriptions

The most popular and suitable for indoor keeping are the following types of asparagus: dense-flowered (Sprenger), common, feathery, thinnest and asparagus. Usually, asparagus belongs to the group of ornamental-deciduous plants, but this is also not entirely correct classification, since almost all species bloom with small inconspicuous flowers with or without smell, after flowering of which small red spherical fruits are formed.

Asparagus racemosus (Asparagus racemosus)

Stems of this type can reach two meters in length. On the surface, they have pubescence. Differs in heap growth of cladodia shoots. Outwardly, its stems resemble branches of conifers, soft to the touch. Forms inflorescences-brushes with a pleasant smell. The color of the flowers is pink, the color of the fruit is red.

Asparagus medeoloides

A plant with straight, branching shoots. Natural specimens reach fairly large sizes. It can be grown as an ampelous plant, but the stems can also hold on to a support. Claudias are oval in shape and resemble regular foliage. Due to the fact that such asparagus can grow, it is most often grown not in apartments, but in greenhouses.

Asparagus meyeri

Shrub species. The stems grow up to half a meter. On their surface there is a fluff and short needle-shaped cladodia. Adult shoots stiffen at the base, and slightly tilt from above. Fresh stems can only grow from the root.

Such asparagus can often be found in floristry - picturesque fluffy stems are used to complement flower arrangements.

Common Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Also known as medicinal or pharmaceutical asparagus. Herbaceous perennial of medium height. Stems are smooth, branches are straight, growing upward or at a slight angle. Their length can reach 1.5 m. Cladodia are narrow, resembling threads, up to 3 cm in size. The foliage has small scales. One bush is capable of forming flowers of both sexes. All of them have a pale yellow color, but the male flowers are twice as large as the female ones. The fruits are rounded scarlet berries.

Asparagus plumose (Asparagus plumosus)

A native of the African tropics. It has branching shoots that are smooth to the touch. Its leaves are triangular-shaped scales. Phyllocladia shoots, more similar to ordinary foliage, grow in groups and have a slightly curved shape. In length, they can reach only 1.5 cm. It blooms white, while the flowers can both form small inflorescences and grow alone. Pollinated flowers turn into dark, bluish-black fruits, in which from 1 to 3 seeds ripen.

In floriculture, a dwarf variety of such asparagus is most often found, but at home this species almost does not bloom at all: it is possible to observe flowering only in bushes older than 10 years. An adult plant is most often grown as an ampelous plant.

Asparagus crescent (Asparagus falcatus)

It is notable for the thickest (up to 1 cm) and longest (up to 15 m) stems of all asparagus species. But it reaches such dimensions only in the natural environment, when grown in greenhouse, its impressive dimensions are limited to only a few meters. Under indoor conditions, the height of the stems is no more than 2 m. Over time, the stems bend slightly under their own weight. On them, curved in the form of a sickle, cladodia up to 8 cm long are formed. They are distinguished by slightly corrugated edges. The inflorescences consist of white flowers with a pleasant smell.

Asparagus asparagus (Asparagus asparagoides)

South African view. Often used as an ampelous plant or placed on a support. The stems are green and smooth to the touch. Leafy shoots are distinguished by their ovoid shape. In nature, it blooms with small white flowers, but at home it will not be possible to admire them. After flowering, red-orange berries are formed with a light citrus aroma.

Asparagus thinnest (Asparagus benuissimus)

It differs from its feathery counterpart in higher shoots. In addition, phylloclades are longer and narrower, and grow more rarely.

Sprenger's Asparagus (Asparagus sprengeri)

Also called bushy or Ethiopian. This species perceives direct sunlight more calmly. Differs in long lodging stems. In length they reach half a meter. Their surface can be smooth or grooved. The sizes of phyllocladias, similar to needles, reach 3 cm, they can grow individually or in groups of up to 4 pieces. Their shape can be either straight or curved. The flowers are white or pinkish-cream in color and have a pleasant smell. The fruits are red berries, each containing only one seed.


Asparagus - composition, benefits and contraindications

Asparagus is a spear-shaped vegetable, a member of the lily family. It comes in several types, which differ in color and size.

  • Green asparagus, which is called the American and British variety, is the most common.
  • White, Dutch or Spanish asparagus less common as it is more difficult to collect.
  • Purple or French asparagus smaller than other varieties in size. It is distinguished by its rapid growth, making its harvest richer than others. It gets its color as a result of abundant exposure to sunlight.

The asparagus harvest season is from April to June.

Plants are monoecious, that is, every plant is male or female. Male plants have more shoots because they do not need to invest energy in seed production.

There are many ways to cook asparagus. It is fried, boiled, stewed, steamed and grilled, added to salads, omelets, pasta, roast and used as a separate side dish.

There is also soy asparagus, which is a semi-finished soy product and is not related to the plant of the same name. Soy asparagus is made from soy milk. One of the popular dishes with its use is Korean asparagus.


Location selection

The rich green color of asparagus is highly dependent on lighting.

The rich green color of asparagus largely depends on the lighting: it is best to place a planter with a potted flower in a place where enough bright light will fall on it. However, keep in mind that only Sprenger's asparagus, while other common species (for example, feathery), on the contrary, need to be protected from direct sun.

An ideal place to place indoor asparagus would be a window sill in the northwest window or in the northeast window. A light-loving plant will feel good near the western or eastern window, closed with a tulle curtain. In the case when the room is located on the south side, the pot with weightless greenery should be placed at some distance from the window. In winter, indoor asparagus may lack natural light, during this period it is recommended to temporarily move it closer to sunlight.

Video about asparagus

To prevent openwork greens from suffering from dry air, place indoor asparagus away from batteries in winter.

Asparagus should not be exposed to intense light immediately after purchase or after a dormant period. Give him a transitional stage with shading, let him gradually adapt to the light. And if you decide to put the plant on the balcony or in the garden for the summer, take a few days for its preliminary "hardening" and accustoming to new conditions.

As for the temperature comfortable for asparagus, in most cases + 22 + 25 degrees will be enough in the warm season and + 12 + 15 degrees in winter. The fluffy "Christmas trees" can hardly endure the heat: on hot summer days, additional shading and spraying of the sufferers will be required. In winter, when the temperature drops to 0, the stems of a sensitive flower can shed all the needles.

In winter, when the temperature drops to 0, the stems of a sensitive flower can shed all the needle leaves.


How to grow asparagus?

Asparagus is planted for 10 - 15 years, so the choice of location must be approached very responsibly. Asparagus needs good lighting (or light shading), deep and carefully cultivated, loose, nutritious soil. With a high level of groundwater standing, drainage is necessary. Excessive soil moisture leads to decay and death of the roots. Asparagus loves organics, it improves the taste of young shoots. But it should not be applied too much, so as not to reduce the frost resistance of fed plants. I also fertilize the bushes with ash infusion.

When loosening the soil, one must not forget about caution: many roots are located superficially. In dry summers, asparagus should not be left without watering. Strong winds and downpours break and ruin mature bushes. They must be tied to strong supports. In autumn, all shoots are cut at soil level, you can leave only small stumps for a guide. Asparagus is a frost-resistant crop, but it is better to pour a bucket of well-decomposed humus on the place where each bush grows.

Seeds sprout even between paving slabs


When buying festive bouquets in the store, we often come across the fact that the flower arrangement is decorated with an openwork twig with needle-like leaves, which gives the bouquet a special charm.

This is a sprig from Sprenger's asparagus. Asparagus is an ideal plant for growing in a flower pot. In general, indoor floriculture in your home is an exciting experience.

Asparagus, in another way, is called asparagus, as it is its close relative. It is found in the wild in South Africa.

This plant with arcuate curved branches dotted with needle-like leaves will decorate any home. If you put asparagus on a high stand - an unforgettable sight.

Its flowers are inconspicuous - white or light pink. Then red berries appear in their place. But don't try them! These berries, albeit weakly, are poisonous. Contact with vegetable juice can also cause irritation on the skin.

In summer, watering should be abundant, the soil should always be moist. Once every two weeks, it must be fed. In winter, provide the asparagus with economical watering and regular spraying. No need to feed.

In the spring, the dormant period ends and new shoots appear on the plant. So it's time to replant the plant. It is best that these are deep flower pots filled with compost soil, but not to the brim, since the roots of the plant become fleshy during growth and push the earth upward.

To provide the plant with high humidity, you need to constantly spray its leaves with water or put the plant pot on a pebble stand filled with water. At low humidity, asparagus leaves turn yellow, and with insufficient watering, it generally sheds leaves.

Ampel plants can be watered in this way. Take a piece of ice and put it on the ground. Thanks to this "method" of irrigation, you can be sure that irrigation water does not spill onto the floor.


How to peel asparagus, what do the chefs advise?

Asparagus, or asparagus, is a rather rare guest on the tables of residents of Russia, but only because of the cost. You should know that this vegetable is a real storehouse of nutrients (vitamins B and C, niacin, fiber...). In order to preserve these useful substances, you need to comprehend the wisdom of preparing dishes from asparagus (which, by the way, is universal in terms of "culinary neighborhood", since it is combined with almost any product).

First, how to peel asparagus. It is worth saying that there are several varieties of it: white, green and purple. In fact, this is one kind - the color depends only on the growing method: green grows in the garden, like purple (only the latter is kept in the sun a little longer), and white - underground. The last one is the most tender. They clean it only under the top, and green and purple from the middle of the stem down. This is done with a special knife or potato peeler. From an already peeled stem at the root, cut 1-2 cm - the coarsest part - and trim the shoots so that they are about the same length.

How to cook asparagus properly? The same principle applies here as with seafood: do not overexpose. Otherwise it will lose color. Asparagus is usually cooked in a special sieve (in the form of a cylinder with a handle), immersed in a saucepan of boiling salted water with lemon juice. Be sure to place the asparagus with the tops above the water, as they cook faster than the rest of the shoot and can therefore boil over. The cooking time depends on the color (white is cooked three times longer) and the freshness of the vegetable. Readiness is checked with a toothpick.

There are many recipes for making asparagus salad. Here are just a few of the easiest ones. Dry the boiled shoots with a napkin, chop and fry in a pan in vegetable oil with finely chopped garlic. Serve with herbs. A delicious salad will also turn out from boiled asparagus with boiled squid, canned corn, onions marinated in vinegar for 20 minutes and dressing in the form of olive oil or mayonnaise. Or you can mix asparagus with boiled rice, grated cheese, mayonnaise and chopped herbs.

How to cook young asparagus? You don't need to clean it at all before cooking. The skin is peeled off only at the roughest places at the root. And the cooking time for fresh asparagus is very short. For cooking, it takes 2-4 minutes ("old" green shoots reach their condition in 8-9 minutes, and white ones - in 10-15). The best sauce for asparagus is Dutch, which is made with butter, egg yolks, lemon juice and wine vinegar.

How to pickle asparagus? For cooking in a simple marinade, you must first put it in boiling water for a couple of minutes, then in ice water, and then dry it. For a pound of asparagus, you need a glass of apple cider vinegar, 1 tsp each. salt and pepper, 1 ¼ spoon of vegetable oil, 1 tbsp. l. sugar and dill seeds, 2 cloves of garlic. Heat the vinegar, mix with salt, sugar, add chopped garlic, oil, pepper, dill seeds. Pour the marinade over the asparagus, cover and refrigerate for 6 hours.

A dish of asparagus, even the simplest one, can make any dinner truly royal. And if we consider that asparagus has been considered an aphrodisiac for many centuries, it is not known who the path to whose heart it will help to pave the way to. ... ...


Asparagus sucking

Besides the decorative types of asparagus, such as the sounds of decorating your house and the garden of the little house, the great popularity of being cried out for and of the "vegetables" you see, as far as the culinary arts are also used in folk medicine. You can pick up the harvest from the fourth month of the month. The first steams can be mothers of blues, greens, erysipelatous, or violet vidtinoks.

You can live young pagony, you can live with a sirim or a shocking thermal process. A more detailed description of the recipes for asparagus can be printed on the Internet. There is a lot to be found at the yogh warehouse at the great number:

  1. Vcarbohydrates.
  2. Carotene.
  3. Lizin.
  4. Amino acids.
  5. Aspargina.
  6. Phosphorus.
  7. Tіamіnu.
  8. Calcium.
  9. Riboflavin.
  10. Coumarin.
  11. Vitamin.

  • robots nirok
  • ion exchange
  • Confirmation of blood hearts of hearts.

Tsya roslina seems to go to cleanse children, but it is not possible to live with people because of hot spots, feverish ailments, allergies to asparagus, cystitis.

Asparagus root for medicinal purposes. Folk medicine proponates for the treatment of hypertension, rheumatism, heart and vermin ailments, nirok ailments, shlunka, liver (the description of the recipes can be taken in the hem) Please remember that taking care of people without the help of a doctor is not just awful for your health, but it is not safe.


Watch the video: ASPARAGUS. How Does it Grow?