Florence late garden strawberries: how to harvest delicious berries in July

 Florence late garden strawberries: how to harvest delicious berries in July

The berries of the large-fruited garden strawberry Florence ripen in July, 2-3 weeks later than most other varieties of this crop, which makes it possible to extend the period of collection and consumption of fresh berries. This variety has many virtues, including avoiding spring frosts due to late flowering.

Garden strawberry Florence - high-yielding late-ripening variety with large berries

The Florence strawberry belongs to short daylight hours (KSD) varieties, it is a common non-remontant single-fruiting variety.

Many gardeners mistakenly call garden strawberries strawberries, but these are completely different plants.

Florence strawberry is a large-fruited late variety from Great Britain. In the Russian Federation, this variety is not zoned, but is often grown in amateur gardens in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia. Under the snow, this strawberry winters well even in the middle zone and the north-west, but in a cold, cloudy summer, the berries do not always collect enough sugars, their taste deteriorates. In hot, sunny summers, the taste and aroma of berries is much better.

In the catalogs of planting material producers, this variety is found under different names: Florence, Florence, Florence, Florencja.

Florence strawberries - late variety from the UK

Plants of this variety are very vigorous, with a large number of large leaves, growing up to 40 cm in height and 50 cm in diameter. Peduncles are located below the leaves; when ripe, the berries lie on the ground. Florence shellIt fades 1–2 weeks later than other varieties, in the middle lane - in early June, therefore it is rarely damaged by recurrent frosts. The Florence variety is relatively resistant to diseases, except for gray rot, which is affected along with other varieties.

Florence strawberry - large-fruited high-yielding variety

The berries are very large, sweet, aromatic, weighing up to 80 g at the first harvest and up to 30–40 g at the subsequent harvest. There are almost no small non-marketable berries. The variety is very productive, with fertile soil and good care, you can get up to 500-700 g of berries from 1 plant. Ripening of berries begins 2-3 weeks later than other varieties, in the middle lane - in the second decade of July, and continues until August.

Florence strawberries are dense and transportable; they can be kept fresh in the refrigerator for up to 5-6 days, twice as long as most common varieties. They can be eaten fresh, frozen, used for cooking preserves, jams, compotes.

Florence strawberries are suitable for freezing and cooking jam

I saw and tasted Florence strawberries in the garden of one of my neighbors. It was very unusual to see large beautiful berries in mid-July, in Tatarstan by this time on most varieties the main fruiting wave had long passed and only the remnants of unmarketable trifles ripen on the bushes. I liked the taste of Florence berries.

Garden strawberry Florence in Belarus - video

Advantages and disadvantages of the Florence variety - table

prosMinuses
High yieldThe berries lie on the ground
Large beautiful berriesThe taste and aroma of berries is highly dependent on weather conditions.
Late fruiting dateNo resistance to gray mold
The berries are transportable and store well.The variety is picky about the care and fertility of the soil
The variety is resistant to leaf spots and is not afraid of spring frosts.Not very high winter hardiness

Features of growing large-fruited garden strawberries Florence

You can propagate Florence garden strawberries with a mustache or dividing bushes. The number of whiskers formed in this variety is very dependent on the soil and climatic conditions of a particular site: some of the gardeners complain about their abundance, someone, on the contrary, about their small number. If there are very few mustaches, but new seedlings are needed, strawberry bushes during the planting season can be carefully dug up and divided into several parts so that each of them has developed roots and 1-3 growth points with young leaves.

You can plant strawberries in the central and northern regions in May or in the second half of August, and in the southern regions in September. For planting, a sunny area is chosen, which is dug up with the introduction of 5-7 kg of humus per square meter. The Florence variety has very powerful bushes, so it should be planted spaciously, 60–70 cm between rows and 45–50 cm between plants in a row.

When planting, strawberry bushes are positioned so that the growing point is exactly at ground level

When planting, strawberry bushes are positioned so that the growing point is exactly at ground level. Immediately after planting, strawberries should be watered with 0.5–0.7 liters of water for each plant.

To avoid contact of berries with the soil, it is very desirable to mulch the strawberry plantation with a special black film immediately upon planting. It is laid on the ground, fixed at the edges with boards or bricks, and strawberry seedlings are planted in specially made cross-shaped incisions. Mulching protects berries from soil contamination and prevents the development of gray mold.

Mulching with a special black film protects the berries from soil contamination and prevents the development of gray rot

In the absence of rain, strawberries need regular watering 1-2 times a week, 0.7-1 liters of water for each plant. Without watering, the berries become smaller. When arranging automated irrigation systems, care must be taken that water falls only on the soil, without touching leaves and berries.

When arranging automated irrigation systems, care must be taken that water only falls on the soil, without touching leaves and berries

Winter hardiness of this variety is not very high, in the absence of snow, the plants are severely damaged at a temperature of -8 ..- 10 ° C, in the presence of a layer of snow 20 cm thick or more, they can withstand frosts down to -25 ..- 28 ° C. Therefore, with the onset of negative temperatures around -2 ..- 5 ° C, strawberries are covered for the winter with coniferous spruce branches for better snow retention. The shelter is removed in the spring immediately after the snow melts.

For the winter, strawberries are insulated with coniferous spruce branches.

Testimonials

The large-fruited variety of garden strawberries Florence is promising for cultivation in garden plots in many regions of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Its late ripening berries are tasty and transportable, and the plants themselves are very hardy to adverse weather conditions.


Characteristics of the variety

Most often, the variety is grown for industrial purposes, since the main features of the hybrid are its compact appearance and the possibility of plants being close to each other. Solerosso is also grown in small backyard areas, the fruits are eaten fresh, and various preserves are also prepared from them. During heat treatment, tomatoes do not lose their shape and taste.

The Solerosso hybrid is characterized by an early ripening period. The bush is compact, the branches are slightly spreading. On one cluster, about 6 fruits are formed, located close to each other. Grows to a certain size (breaking point) and stops growing.

Description of fruits

The fruits of the Solerosso tomato are small in size, the shape is flat-round. Slight ribbing can be seen near the stalk. The pulp is juicy, the density is average. The peel is not thick, but reliable, thanks to it the tomatoes do not crack and tolerate transportation very well. The taste is sweet.

Ripening time and yield

The tomato boasts the formation of abundant ovaries, so there are almost no empty flowers. Peduncles are large, during flowering, foliage is practically invisible, everything is strewn with flowers.

The variety is early, therefore, 3 months after planting the seedlings, you can already harvest the fruits. One of the significant advantages is undulating ripening, that is, you can harvest fruits throughout the season. Tomatoes are stored for more than a month, have a presentable appearance and tolerate transportation well.

The yield is high - from 1 sq. m you can get about 8-10 kg of fruit. The mass of one is 100 g.

Features of ripening tomatoes of the Solerosso F1 variety in the open field, see the video below:

For which regions is the variety suitable?

The plant is best grown in warm or temperate climates. But the bush can adapt to low temperatures and changes in weather, so it can also be grown in the northern regions, the only condition is to be planted in a greenhouse or greenhouse.

Disease and pest resistance

Various wilting, bacterial and viral diseases are not terrible for the variety. The only threat is represented by fungal diseases, for example, late blight. When growing plants without shelter, there is a risk of slugs appearing on the bushes, an attack by a bear and aphids.


How to properly grow pineapple strawberries

Before you start planting pineapple strawberries on your site, you need to determine the type of soil, choose the variety that is optimal for the climatic zone, study all its features, requirements for planting conditions and care. Experts give the following recommendations:

  • the optimal period for planting seedlings in the ground is the beginning of autumn (September) - they will have time to take root and gain strength,
  • another trick - you can not plant pineapple strawberries in sandy soil or in swampy areas,
  • in front of strawberries, in the summer, on this site you can plant marigolds or legumes - they will improve the structure of the soil, enrich it with nitrogen, "drown" the weeds,
  • a couple of weeks before planting pineapple strawberries, manure or superphosphates can be added to the soil at the rate of 6 kg or 60 g per kW m,
  • minimum distance between rows - 40 cm, bushes in them - 30 cm,
  • the root collar of the seedling should not be underground - this is a very important aspect.

Immediately after planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly with water at room temperature, making sure that the root collar of the bush is not "washed out". High soil moisture must be maintained for another 10 days, especially if the air temperature is above 20˚С. In the cold season, pineapple strawberries must be covered with sawdust or a dense layer of fallen leaves - at least 5 cm.

It is very important to track the development of diseases on pineapple strawberries and timely process them from pests. The most common diseases for this garden berry variety are powdery mildew, white or gray rot, white spot and fusarium wilting. As a preventive measure, spraying strawberries with a pineapple solution of colloidal sulfur can be used.

In order to exclude pineapple pests from eating strawberries - aphids, May beetle, weevil, whitefly, bear or bronze - winter garlic is planted between the rows of berries, and for the winter they are covered with a thick layer of straw, preferably oatmeal.


Watch the video: How to Grow Strawberries Part 1 with Epic Gardening