Cleomaceae

Cleomaceae

Cleome flowers (lat. Cleome), or cleome, belong to the genus of annual or biennial plants of the Cleomaceae family, growing throughout the globe in areas with a warm and temperate climate and numbering about 70 species. For the peculiar shape of the inflorescences, the Germans call the cleoma flower "spinenpflanze", which means "spider plant". Unusual brushes look like an explosion, a splash of champagne - you may not like this plant, but it is impossible not to pay attention to it.


CHUKOTSKY

UDC 502. Editorial board Executive editor I.А. Chereshnev, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Members of the Editorial Board A.N. Berkutenko, Doctor of Biological Sciences A.N. Polezhaev, Doctor of Biological Sciences V.A. Kashin, candidate of biological sciences Reviewers: I.M. Krasnoborov, Doctor of Biological Sciences E.A. Tikhmenev, candidate of biological sciences Red Data Book of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Rare and endangered plant species (angiosperms, ferns, lycopods, bryophytes, lichens, fungi) / Department of Industrial and Agricultural Policy of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Institute of Biological Problems of the North, FEB RAS.

The main list of rare and endangered plants of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug includes 166 species, including: angiosperms - 94, ferns - 6, lycopods - 2, bryophytes (leafy mosses and liverworts) - 37, lichens - 20, mushrooms - 7 species ... The supplementary list contains 34 species of angiosperms. For each species from the main list, illustrations (original drawings) and a distribution map are provided, the status and category of rarity are determined, a brief description of the external appearance, information on distribution (in general and within the district), habitats and biology, abundance and limiting factors are given, taken and necessary measures of protection, complete bibliography.

The book is addressed to experts in the field of nature conservation and nature reserve management, researchers, pupils, students and teachers of higher and secondary educational institutions of biological profile, a wide range of nature lovers and local historians.

© Department of Industrial and Agricultural Policy of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, © Institute for Biological Problems of the North, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, © Dikiy Sever Publishing House


The family of Cereals predominantly includes herbaceous annuals or perennials, although there are shrubs and even trees. All cultures are united by a common structure:

  • stem
  • leaves
  • flowers
  • inflorescences
  • fruit
  • seed

The stalks of cereal crops are hollow inside and consist of knees connected by swollen and therefore clearly visible internodes. Each of them has a baffle and the stem looks like a baffled hollow tube. Stems with such a structure are commonly called straws in botany.

In rare exceptions, the inside of the knee is filled with loose tissue, like sugarcane, sorghum, corn. In cereals, secondary roots are well developed, and the main root either stops growing early or stops growing after germination. The leaves of cereals are vaginal, the edges of the vagina are rarely closed.

The leaf plates are most often ribbon-like, narrow, sometimes folded in half or rolled up in a tube. Inflorescences can be different, but collected from miniature spikelets. Most often, the spikelets are folded:

  • in panicles
  • to the sultans
  • in a simple ear
  • in a spike-shaped panicle
  • into a complex ear

The taxonomy of the family has repeatedly changed over the past century, then it was divided into 2, then into 12 subfamilies. For example, at one time the Prosovs belonged to the Tsentotekovs. Modern taxonomists have divided cereals into seven subfamilies:

  • Feather grass
  • Bamboo
  • Millet
  • Bluegrass
  • Chloride
  • Centotech
  • Reed

Below are lists of cereals belonging to the various subfamilies.


Watch the video: Cleome gynandraWild spider flowerHerbal plants of Sri Lanka