How to properly care for thujas

How to properly care for thujas

Thuja is a plant with numerous decorative qualities that have been appreciated by landscape designers and willingly use the plant to decorate alleys and parks. This evergreen member of the Cypress family is native to the countries of East Asia and North America. The rules for caring for thuja are simple, so many growers grow it on their plots.

Among the many types and varieties of thuja, the most popular is the “Spherical” thuja. This stunted species belongs to perennials and differs from others with a green crown in the form of a ball. Such an unusual shape attracts attention and stands out among other plants for its grace and beauty. Thuja with a spherical crown can be seen both as a separate plant and in group plantings. Evergreen shrubs, depending on the variety, are tall (about 1.5 m) and dwarf (slightly less than 40 cm).

Choosing a place for growing thuja

For planting thuja, it is necessary to choose not a shady area, but protected from direct sunlight and without drafts and sudden gusts of wind. With the right choice of place, the plant will not turn yellow from sunburn and cold wind, which means it will retain its decorative qualities for a long time.

The soil on the selected plot of land should be fertile and slightly moist. It is desirable that groundwater flows at great depths. It is recommended to pour a special soil mixture into the planting holes, consisting of peat, turf soil and coarse sand, and ideally, such soil should be on the entire area where thuja grow.

Growing thuja from seeds

This is a troublesome business and only patient and persistent gardeners can do it. With seed reproduction, a full-fledged plant can be seen only after 4-5 years. It takes a lot of effort and time, but the results are worth it. Practical advice on the selection of seeds, their preparation and cultivation will make the process easier for novice amateur gardeners.

When using freshly harvested seed material from plants that are grown at home, the varietal qualities of thuja are practically not preserved, only its external indicators remain.

Seeds can be harvested during the fruiting period of mature plants. Fruits - cones, together with seed shoots, must be separated from the mature shoot and left in a warm and dry place until fully ripe, spreading them on a flat surface at a short distance from each other. After 3-4 days, the cones will dry out and open - this is a signal to collect seeds.

Among the methods of planting seeds, there is the simplest one - sowing seeds in individual pots with fertile soil. True, the success rate of such cultivation is low. Seeds germinate with this method for a very long time.

It is more efficient to sow stratified seeds or plant in autumn (before winter). When planting before winter, it is recommended to use only freshly harvested seed material that has not been specially treated (soaked with a biological solution). It is immediately planted in moist fertile soil.

Autumn planting will bring the first shoots with the warming of the first spring sun. The appearance of thuja seedlings is similar to young dill greens. The first needles on the seedlings will appear in about a month, and the first shoot will appear only after six months. With strict adherence to all the rules of care and maintenance, the plant will reach 10 cm in height in a year.

To increase the germination of thuja seeds several times will help a special procedure - seed stratification. Freshly harvested seeds must be sorted - remove all small, weak and damaged specimens. The best seed should be mixed with damp sawdust or moistened sand, placed in a tightly closed plastic container and kept in a cool place for at least 90 days. It is recommended to inspect the seeds for mold once a week and to keep the mixture from drying out.

After stratification, the seeds must be planted in a prepared soil mixture, around the end of February. The seedling box is filled with coniferous substrate or any nutrient soil mixture. A drainage layer is preliminarily poured onto the bottom of the box. Sea pebbles, fine coal or expanded clay are suitable. After the seedlings appear, you need to provide them with sufficient lighting (you can additionally use fluorescent lamps).

Do not forget about preventive measures. A pink solution of potassium permanganate will help to resist fungal and infectious diseases, with which the soil is abundantly moistened before planting seeds.

Seeds should be planted in moderately moist soil in a checkerboard pattern. The distance between the seeds is at least 2 cm. Each seed must be pressed a little into the soil and sprayed liberally from a sprayer.

Rules for the care of young thujas

The temperature, which will contribute to the rapid germination of seeds and the full development of seedlings, is 20-22 degrees Celsius. Before emergence, the planting box should be under a dense transparent cover in a dark place. After the emergence of shoots, the container must be rearranged in a bright and warm room. Plants should remain under a glass cover for a month and a half, that is, until the seedlings grow up and get stronger.

When young shoots reach 2-3 cm in height, they must be carefully sprinkled with a thin layer of fine dry sand and sprayed with a spray bottle. Such moistening is carried out regularly in moderate amounts.

Every day, the container with seedlings must be ventilated, young crops must be irrigated, and weak or diseased plants must be removed.

In the first year of life, regular watering, sufficient lighting, and feeding in the form of a nutritious soil mixture are very important for young plants. The picking process at this stage is not recommended.

Wintering for young plants is dangerous, so it is advisable to rearrange the containers with seedlings for the winter in greenhouse conditions or keep them at home temperatures. It is possible to use a special plant cover as protection against frost.

The optimal time for the first transplant is in the third year of rearing. In early spring, a transplant should be carried out only by the method of transshipment of an earthen coma. This will ensure the preservation of the root part and the further health of the young thuja. When warm spring weather is established, containers with plants can be transferred to the open air, and it will be possible to transplant thuja to an open place already in early September.

Important rules for caring for adult thuja

Pruning

This procedure is carried out periodically (at least once a year) as the plant grows to form a lush and beautiful spherical crown, as well as to remove dried shoots and yellowed branches. It is recommended to prune the shoots to about one third of their total length.

Fertilization

Regular feeding is the key to the full development of thuja. It can be complex mineral fertilizers or various organic fertilizers. They are essential at all stages of plant development. Fertilization methods can be different - from applying to the soil and digging to adding them to irrigation water. The last feeding is carried out at the end of August.

Preparing for winter

With the help of a non-woven material and a mulch layer, it is recommended to cover all thuja plantations for the winter, and especially young plants. As a mulch, you can take shredded tree bark, peat or any organic matter. The cover is removed after the snow has completely melted.

Thuja propagation by cuttings

Thuja's cuttings are the most common and most effective breeding method. It is necessary to choose the healthiest cuttings about fifty centimeters long, cut them off with a heel, hold for some time in the Kornevin solution and plant them in the soil mixture, deepening each cutting by about 4-5 centimeters.

The soil mixture can consist of turf and peat soil and fine sand in equal parts. Planting cuttings is recommended to be kept under a glass cover, periodically opening it for airing and spraying. The root portion will begin to form in about 20-30 days. Rooted cuttings can be transplanted to an open area only for the next season.

Thuja disease and pest control

The most common thuja diseases are fungal diseases. The main sign of the appearance of a fungal infection is yellowed and drying out shoots. The infection spreads very quickly, so action must be taken urgently and without delay. The plant must be processed completely. Processing is carried out in several stages with a solution of copper sulfate.

The main pests of thuja are false scale insects and aphids. The scale insects most of the plant in a short time. She is able to destroy the entire aerial part of the bush. At the first signs of a pest, it is recommended to spray (in two stages) using an aerosol preparation "Karbofos" or a powder of the same name. The powder is dissolved in water strictly according to the instructions on the package. You can add 90-100 grams of the drug to 10 liters of water.

Aphids are a pest that settles on bush in huge families and feeds on plant sap. Very quickly, the shoots begin to change from green to yellow, then dry and crumble. You can fight this pest with the help of various insecticidal preparations (for example, "Korbofos", "Fitoverm").

With high-quality care and maintenance, evergreen thuja will retain its decorative effect and will delight for many years to come.

How to propagate and grow thuja


How to care for thuja correctly so that you always have a tree in your garden with a dense and lush crown of a pleasant rich green color? First of all, you need to know about the characteristics of the plant.

Thuja in landscape design

There is not much difference in how to care for a thuja in the country, in the garden or at home in a pot. However, the care of thuja may differ depending on the region in which it is grown. For example, pruning in Central Russia is carried out in early May, in the northwestern regions, thuja is pruned in June, and in the south - at the very beginning of March.

Features of spring care

In the spring, first, they remove the shelter and the tourniquet with which the tree was pulled. Rotten and frozen branches and shoots are removed. If necessary, you can transplant the bush to a more convenient and suitable place. You need to dig thuja together with a clod of earth at the roots. Be sure to feed with mineral fertilizers intended for conifers.

Summer care rules

In the summer, the main rule for caring for thuja is regular watering. But how often to water the thuja so as not to harm it? The frequency of watering depends on the climatic conditions. In especially dry periods, watering is watered twice a week, in cloudy and rainy periods, the frequency and abundance of watering is reduced.

In addition to frequent watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil. Experienced gardeners recommend draining the soil after each watering. This will help reduce the likelihood of stagnant water and prevent fungal infections. It is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of 8-10 cm, no more, otherwise there is a possibility of damage to the root system. To remove dust and dirt from the surface of the needles, spraying is carried out.

Note! If during dry periods the thuja still lacks moisture, and it begins to turn yellow, it is recommended to mulch the soil surface with sawdust. Mulch with a layer of 5 cm will perfectly retain moisture. A big bonus of this procedure is the inability to germinate weeds.

In the summer, if desired, pruning is carried out in order to form the crown. Tui generally have conical and spherical crown types, the shapes of which can be easily changed by removing unnecessary branches.

Features of care in the fall and preparation for winter

In the fall, the preparation of the tree for wintering begins. Mineral and organic fertilizers are introduced. If mulching has not been carried out before, it is necessary to carry it out in the fall. The mulch is covered with a layer of at least 7 cm so that it can protect the roots from frost and freezing.

How to cover bushes for the winter

In late autumn, each tree is pulled together with a tourniquet and covered with a well-breathing material.

In the southern regions of Russia, neither young nor adult trees are sheltered for the winter, only they are pulled together with a tourniquet.

In the Middle Lane, it is recommended to cover young bushes with dense material, but not with spunbond. Adult thuja need to be pulled off with a tourniquet, otherwise their branches will be damaged under a layer of snow.

In the northern regions, adult bushes also need good shelter. In addition, so that the trunk does not break, special structures of wood are erected around the tree.


Indoor floriculture

Flowers must be surrounded with care and attention, then they will delight with their flowering for a long time. Indoor floriculture is a science that helps you figure out how to properly care for green spaces. Here are some decorative colors:

1. Abutilene, in another way it is called indoor maple. This is a very beautiful plant that has evergreen leaves of a white-variegated color. They resemble maple in shape.

2. Amaryllis is a very beautiful bulbous plant. He has fairly large flowers that are white, red, and striped.

3. Bush begonia is a deciduous ornamental plant. It must be grown in warm rooms with ample air humidity. This plant propagates by cuttings.

4. Gloxinia is a very beautiful tuberous plant that blooms with bright red double flowers. If you take good care of it, then one plant can have up to 50 flowers.

5. Roses are light-loving flowering plants that propagate by cuttings.

Nowadays, decorative floriculture has become very popular.


Thuja hedge - reproduction, planting and care

Tui reproduce by means of cuttings. It is best to harvest them in April or May, but if you have no experience in this kind of work, purchase a seedling in a special nursery. Recently, you can find many gardeners who are trying to grow thuja from seeds, but such conifers most often do not survive even with the best care. In any case, when choosing plants, pay great attention to the root system of the thuja.so, the roots must be intact and healthy.

After purchasing the seedlings, we proceed to planting them on the site. Planting should be carried out either in early autumn or in spring. Depending on the variety, the distance between the thujas is also chosen - on average, it is equal to 1.5-2 meters. If you plan to create a two-tiered hedge (planted in several rows), the distance can be reduced to 50 cm. For seedlings, you need to dig a hole up to 70 cm deep and with a diameter that is 5-10 cm larger than the size of the seedling earthen ball. This type of conifers can grow on any soil, however, before planting, peat with sand and fertilizers must be laid in a pit. When burying ephedra, pay attention to the fact that the root collar is completely covered with earth.

Despite the fact that conifers are quite unpretentious, proper care for them will allow you to grow healthy shrubs with a rich and lush crown.

So, the first few years after planting, it is imperative to weed a flowerbed with thuja, loosen it and water it constantly.However, if you planted it on wet soil, you can reduce the amount of watering. Pay attention to the needles of plants - if they turn yellow, this can cause bacteria or a lack of moisture. If you applied fertilizer when planting seedlings, then in the next few years you can not fertilize them. However, after 2-3 years, it is necessary to feed the bushes with special additives for thuja (prolonged-release fertilizers) once in the spring season. Novice gardeners often feed plants before winter, which is strictly prohibited. Indeed, in this case, the thuja will wake up, give growth to new roots, which will simply die during severe frosts.

Young conifers do not like the bright and strong sun, and therefore, if you nevertheless planted them in open areas, in the first years it is necessary to cover them with awnings and water them more often. Before winter, so that the plant does not freeze, cover the roots with spruce branches, tying the branches to the trunk in advance, otherwise they may be damaged by heavy snowfall.

If you want the "green fence" of thuja to look proper, you must trim the plants in autumn and spring, or once a season, depending on the variety. Remove old branches, shaping the crown of conifers as you wish. If you cut "evergreens" at the same level, then try and stick to it. Young plants require cutting a maximum of two times a year, plants over four years old - no more than three times a year. For a haircut, use a pruner or garden shears, the main thing is that they are sharpened with high quality, which will allow you to immediately cut off the branches without breaking them.


Rules for the care of young thujas

The temperature that will promote the rapid germination of seeds and the full development of seedlings is 20-22 degrees Celsius. Before emergence, the planting box should be under a dense transparent cover in a dark place. After the emergence of seedlings, the container must be rearranged in a bright and warm room. Plants should remain under a glass cover for a month and a half, that is, until the seedlings grow up and get stronger.

When young shoots reach 2-3 cm in height, they must be carefully sprinkled with a thin layer of fine dry sand and sprayed with a spray bottle. Such moistening is carried out regularly in moderate amounts.

Every day, the container with seedlings must be ventilated, young crops must be irrigated, and weak or diseased plants must be removed.

In the first year of life, regular watering, sufficient lighting, and feeding in the form of a nutritious soil mixture are very important for young plants. The picking process at this stage is not recommended.

Wintering for young plants is dangerous, so it is advisable to rearrange the containers with seedlings for the winter in greenhouse conditions or keep them at home temperatures. It is possible to use a special plant cover as protection against frost.

The optimal time for the first transplant is in the third year of rearing. In early spring, transplanting must be carried out only by transshipment of an earthen coma. This will ensure the preservation of the root part and the further health of the young thuja. When warm spring weather is established, containers with plants can be transferred to the open air, and it will be possible to transplant thuja to an open place already in early September.


Loosening

Since the roots of the thuja are relatively shallow, you need to loosen no more than 10 centimeters in depth.

Also, in early spring, the tree needs to be well watered. Mulching around the trunk will protect the tree from overheating, drying out and freezing during this period.

Peat, sawdust, bark, compost can serve as mulch (the layer should be about 7 centimeters thick). This event has a very beneficial effect on the health of the tree and contributes to a longer moisture retention.

If there is a lack of care, thuja can grow and branch poorly, its needles can turn yellow and fall off.


Thuja care

Experience and time of work allow us to give some advice on how to choose and how to properly care for thujas.

Let's try to give some simple guidelines that will allow you to grow a healthy and beautiful plant.

  • How to choose one?
  1. It is necessary to pay attention to the color of the needles. It must correspond to the variety of thuja. If the needles are pale green, or with yellowing, it is better not to buy such a seedling.
  2. You need to pay attention to the root system. It must be developed. The more roots a thuja seedling has, the better and the faster it will develop. The roots should be a healthy reddish brown color, not overdried.
  • Planting thuja

How to choose a place for a thuja?

Choosing a place for a thuja. All thujas love moderate partial shade. Also, for the correct planting of thuja, it is important to choose an area protected from the wind. Tui do not like the open sun, because this can lead to burns and lack of moisture

How to plant thuja correctly?

  1. It is necessary to dig a hole commensurate with the root coma.
  2. Drainage is desirable.
  3. Prepare the mixture: turf soil, sand, peat.
  4. It is desirable to provide the mixture with a complex mineral fertilizer for conifers.
  5. Moisten the hole with water.
  6. Plant thuja. The root collar of the seedling must be at ground level.
  7. When planting a thuja hedge, the distance between trees should be at least 50 cm, but not more than 1 m.
  • Proper care of thuja.

Provide the plant with regular watering: not frequent, but abundant, so that the entire root system is shed. In the summer, moisten the soil of an adult plant, you need to at least once a week, in the spring and autumn, one watering per month will be enough. Seedlings require more frequent watering. For example, for a thuja with a height of about 1 meter, in open ground, 1-1.5 buckets of water will be required, for larger ones, at least two buckets. However, it is easier to put a watering hose with a small pressure of water for 10-15 minutes.

All thujas really like sprinkling and spraying the crown. This stimulates the lush growth of the tree crown, removes dust and insects. Be sure to do this only after sunset, otherwise there is a great risk of burning the needles.

The soil around the plant requires regular maintenance: loosening and removing weeds. This will give a beautiful appearance to the site and help to saturate the soil with oxygen, which will have a beneficial effect on the condition of the crown. Loosening should be shallow.

Sanitary pruning of the crown. Dried and damaged shoots are removed.

Correct feeding of thuja.

Do not use mullein, fresh manure, chicken droppings!

It is recommended to feed the thuja three times a season with mineral fertilizers.

The first time - in April, with a complex fertilizer for conifers.

The second time - at the beginning of July, fertilize with a mixture containing potassium and phosphorus.

The third time - in September, with a mixture of potassium and phosphorus.

The Green Elephant Nursery provides garden maintenance services (cutting plants, mowing the lawn, treating pests and diseases, fertilizing).


How to care for thuja at home

Thuja is simply an ideal find and a real decoration for any summer cottage or personal plot. In order for her to be a proud and slender real beauty, you must adhere to some tips on how to care for thuja at home, first of all - how to choose the right soil, planting time, how to choose the optimal irrigation regime, etc.

If you have just planted a thuja, then for it, first of all, you need to build a fence that can protect the plant from the harmful effects of not only people, legs and animals. Remember that dogs and cats can kill thuja literally in a matter of days with their feces. In addition to protection from mechanical damage, the thuja must be protected from fungus, which causes significant damage to all conifers and contributes to the rapid yellowing and dropping of branches. To do this, immediately after planting, the tree should be treated with a foundationol solution (choose a concentration based on 10 g of solution per 10 liters of water) and then periodically repeat this procedure.

Another important point when caring for thuja is the selection of soil. Fortunately, thuja is extremely unpretentious in the choice of soil, and therefore can grow in almost any conditions. In addition, thuja perfectly tolerates heat and drought. An important point on how to care for thuja at home this is to find the most ideal location for the tree and ensure proper watering. Experience shows that fertile garden soil, with good but not excessive moisture, located in a semi-shady place, is most suitable for thuja. It is in such conditions that thuja develops most well and, in particular, forms a magnificent crown.

Remember that the soil for the thuja should not be excessively dry, and the place should be semi-shaded, but in no case shaded. Otherwise, the plant will very quickly lose its decorative effect, its crown will thin out, the needles will fade and a large number of cones will begin to form on the thuja. When planting thuja, it should be borne in mind that it is preferable to plant these plants in groups, and also form a hedge in the garden with their help.

When transplanting a thuja, its root system should not be buried too deep, but it is also not necessary to allow the roots to rise above the ground level. In the process of caring for the thuja, it is necessary to ensure its watering - if the summer is dry, then watering is necessary at least twice a week.


Watch the video: How to Grow and Care Thuja. Morpankhi Plant. Fun Gardening. 2 Sep, 2017