When the heat and humidity of summer begin to overtake you -- enjoy the mint overtaking your garden! Sit down in the patch and enjoy its minty scent. Chew on a mint leaf and take a deep breath for a cool blast. Refresh yourself -- drink mint iced tea orsp.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Peppermint in the Philippines: Plant Care + Medicinal Information + Herbal RecipesContent:
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- Growing Mint
- Mint Growing and Harvest Information
- How to Grow Peppermint | Guide to Growing Peppermint
- How Long Can Mint Plants Live? How To Keep Mint Thriving
- Why Are My Mint Leaves Turning Black? (Causes and Solutions)
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Happy DIY Home. Peppermint plant mentha x piperita is a delightful perennial to grow. It can be grown as a ground cover, planted in an herb garden, or put in a container to spill over the edges.
All mints are hardy, easy to grow, and have wonderful fragrance. Mint is easily recognizable by its square stem and highly fragrant leaves. There are about 20 different species of mint and many more cultivars. Peppermint is actually a cross between two different species of mint: watermint Mentha aquatica and spearmint Mentha spicata. It has characteristics of both parent plants, but has darker, larger, and more potent leaves than spearmint. The leaves of peppermint are known for their strong menthol flavor and aroma.
The straight species is known as Mentha x piperita and there are also several cultivars. The good news is that peppermint tends to be less aggressive than other mint species, although barriers are still helpful for keeping it contained.
Peppermint mentha x piperita is a cross between watermint and spearmint. Peppermint likes to grow in damp areas but will tolerate most types of soil. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, around marsh areas, and in meadows and woodland areas. In USDA hardiness zones , peppermint is a perennial. Plants can tolerate a light frost but will die back to the ground with a hard frost and reemerge in the spring. The leaves and the menthol contained in them have many uses. Chocolate mint is a popular variety for home gardeners.
You can enjoy the minty-chocolatey fragrance and use the green leaves in tea, coffee, hot chocolate, and baked goods. Like all mints, peppermint is easy to grow. It can be started several different ways with some being easier than others. If you want to give seeds a try, be sure to get them from a good seed company. The plants need to be kept in isolation, away from other mint plants, to come true from seed. Once you have your seeds, you can choose to start them indoors before planting out or sow them directly into a garden area.
Mint often does not come true from seed because plants frequently cross pollinate. To make sure your seeds are true peppermint seeds, buy from a reputable seed company. Start seeds indoors about weeks before your average last frost date. Leave seeds on top of the soil or cover lightly with more soil mix.
Germination should happen in days. Keep the soil watered but not overly wet until your seeds sprout. Let the seedlings continue to grow until after the last frost. Keep them watered with plenty of light and good airflow until planting time.
You can also sow seeds outdoors in early spring usually April or May. Prepare the soil by breaking up any clumps and smoothing the surface. Sow seeds on top of the soil and sprinkle a little potting soil or vermiculite over top.
Cuttings are a much easier and quicker way to get yourself some peppermint plants than seeds. Mint cuttings send out roots with little encouragement, giving you new plants in no time.
To take cuttings, select strong-looking stems with healthy leaves. The cuttings should start to send out roots in days, and you can easily check on them by pulling the stems out of the water. Let them continue to grow for weeks before transplanting outside. You can also root your cuttings directly into pots filled with potting soil. Finally, you can root cuttings directly into garden soil. Follow the same steps to cut stems and strip the bottoms leaves. Then, stick the stems at a horizontal angle into the ground and cover with soil.
Keep well-watered and rooting should happen in days. If you or a neighbor has a large peppermint patch that needs to be divided, root division is another simple way to get more plants. Taking cuttings is an easy way to propagate peppermint. You can use stem cuttings and root them in water or soil, or you can dig up a large section of mint and take root cuttings by dividing the rootball into smaller sections.
Rootbound mint plants in containers will especially benefit from division. Use garden shears or a sharp garden spade to divide plants by cutting through the root ball. You want each section to have a good number of roots so that it can get itself established again.
Replant the original in its container or garden spot. You can then take your root cuttings and plant them either directly into a chosen space in your garden or into small pots. If needed, trim the roots back to fit the size of their new location and trim off an inch or two of top growth.
Peppermint will grow in a wide range of soils, but it does prefer damper locations, often growing along stream banks in the wild. In most regions, peppermint plants appreciate full sun. However, they tolerate partial shade and some varieties especially variegated cultivars need to have shade for part of the day. If you live in a hot, southerly climate, try to give plants shade in the afternoon. Plant seedlings one or two feet apart and keep in mind that mint loves to spread out. In fact, the biggest consideration with planting mint is how to keep it contained.
This could be wood boards, metal dividers, sidewalks, buildings, or containers. Because of its tendency to spread, peppermint is a great plant to grow in raised beds with solid sides or in a container garden. You can either grow mint in containers on your porch or sink the containers into the ground in your garden. This keeps the mint from spreading but makes it look like part of the landscape. Make sure that your containers have drainage holes, and cover them with some old cloth.
Small pots only need one mint plant, but you can put plants in larger pots. Mint grows well in a container and is easier to keep in check when it has a pot to contain it.
You can put the pots on your porch or container garden area, or you can sink them into the ground as part of your landscape.
Keep your containers well watered, especially while your peppermint gets established. A light layer of mulch around them can help keep moisture in the soil and weeds down. For containers, you may wish to add a slow-release fertilizer or give them a liquid plant feed every few months. After your plants have had a few weeks to get established and are starting to grow, you can start lightly trimming them or harvesting the top leaves to make them grow bushier.
Peppermint will benefit from frequent harvesting once plants get established. Use the clippings to make a nice cup of tea or add them to fresh lemonade for a minty twist! Plants will die back to the ground after the first hard frost. If you live somewhere with extremely cold winters, a layer of mulch or straw can help them through the cold, but mint is very hardy.
You can bring pots into a garage or basement area or bury them most of the way in the ground until spring. Peppermint is usually pest- and disease-free. Insects typically stay away as well. Occasionally, you may have a problem with powdery mildew and other fungal diseases, especially if your climate is warm and damp. You can use a baking soda spray to control powdery mildew and remove any infected plant parts at the end of the season.
Because it repels many pests and attracts beneficial pollinators, peppermint makes an excellent companion plant. Mints generally repel aphids, cabbage moths, and flea beetles. They also attract beneficial insects like predatory wasps and earthworms as well as bees and other pollinators. To bring pollinators to your garden, let a few plants flower in late summer to attract them.
Planting peppermint near cabbage and other Brassicas can help to repel cabbage moths, a pest that can decimate your crop. Peppermint makes a good companion for most vegetables and herbs except parsley. As an alternative to planting around cabbage and other related crops, you can also cut it and use it as mulch around plants.
Mint leaves can be harvested at any point in the season as long as plants are established. In fact, frequent harvesting will help keep your plant healthy and growing. You can harvest by pulling off individual leaves or by cutting off stems. Younger leaves will have more flavor and be more tender than older ones.
Harvest around noon, when essential oil concentrations in the fresh leaves are the highest. Peppermint leaves can be used fresh, and stems will keep fresh for up to a week in water or wrapped in a damp paper towel and stored in the refrigerator.
Rinse them well under water and pat dry with a towel or place in a salad spinner. Then, gather the stems together and tie them up in bunches in a warm, dry, and dark area of your house. You can use your peppermint fresh or store it for later by hanging stems in bundles until the leaves have dried. There are many ways you can use your harvest, including cooking, baking, and as a medicinal herb. Cover the bunches with paper bags that have ventilation slits for more protection.
Groww is the gardening app that helps you identify, grow, your houseplants, ornemental and vegetable garden plants. Melanie Shaw Medical Herbalist. Starr Environmental. Peppermint One of the most aromatic! Common name : Peppermint.
Peppermint is a popular medicinal plant and herb which is extremely fast-growing and Here is a Mentha x piperita 'Black Peppermint'.
Mint is one of the hardiest herbs and one that I always recommend for inexperienced gardeners to grow in pots due to its resilience and relative low maintenance. However occasionally there are problems with mint plants that are often as a result conditions that are contrary to their preferred environment. The most common reasons for mint dying are usually because of:. Keep reading for how to implement the solutions to each of these ailments to save your dying mint plant…. Under watering is the most common reason for mint plants to look as though they are dying. Mint plants thrive in moist soils and can wilt quickly if the soil dries out and it is can one of the first plants in the garden to wilt in hot climates or during drought. Therefore mint grows best when it is watered regularly and planted in soil or a potting mix that retains moisture. Mint does not grow well in sandy or stony soils as they drain too quickly for the roots to draw up moisture. Thankfully the solutions to mint wilting are easy to implement. Careful monitoring of the soil moisture by testing it to a finger depth, and adjusting your watering frequency according, ensures that soil does not dry out and dehydrate your mint plant.
Mint Growing and Harvest Information
I might as well come clean now: I hate coriander. And I am not alone. But there is hope. If you, or anyone you cook for, is condemned to a life of picking the stuff off their plates, there is a herb out there which might be your salvation: Peruvian black mint Tagetes minuta. The soft, lacy leaves of this Andean relative of the marigold have a bright, fresh, intensely aromatic fragrance — like a perfect Venn diagram overlap of zesty citrus, cooling peppermint and fruity pineapple.
Perfect for beginning gardeners, mint is the easiest of all herbs to grow , a perennial hardy in zonesIn addition to flavoring food and drinks, it serves as a natural pest deterrent in the vegetable, herb, or flower garden, and chewing the leaves not only freshens the breath but is said to calm an upset stomach.
How to Grow Peppermint | Guide to Growing Peppermint
Fresh herbs are one of the greatest ways to increase the taste of your food healthfully. I often toss whatever leafy herbs are hand liberally into a salad to add unexpected variations in flavor basil, oregano and dill are all great choices. Fresh herbs can add punch to sauces or create intensely flavorful crusts for roasted meats. While fresh herbs are now regularly available at grocery stores year round, growing your own herbs is a great way to build mastery over your food. Growing herbs at home can be easy whether you live in a house in the suburbs or an apartment in the city. Let it be known that I have the blackest of thumbs.
How Long Can Mint Plants Live? How To Keep Mint Thriving
As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. It's the most invasive plant - it sends out runners from its roots and so can take over the whole garden if you let it. I find the best way of growing mint is to sink the plant in a large flower pot within the herb section of my garden and then every so often - during the summer about once a month - lift the pot so as to detach the root from the surrounding soil. Save the Planet - urban bees are doing better than country bees - read how you can help the 'cause' - all is not lost! Another idea is to surround the planting hole with plastic or metal sheets so that it is truly confined to one area.
peppermint, (Mentha ×piperita), strongly aromatic perennial herb of the mint family Black peppermint, also called English peppermint or mitcham mint.
Why Are My Mint Leaves Turning Black? (Causes and Solutions)
If the very thought of a peppermint patty makes your mouth water guilty! Mentha x piperita is a hybrid of watermint M. Peppermint has a pungent, peppery bite with a cool aftertaste that sets it apart from other types of mint.RELATED VIDEO: Growing Mint in Pot - Spearmint and Peppermint u0026 Other Plants
Today's Gardener. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Without Any Extra Cost to You! Mint prefers moist soil, and too much dry soil may cause the leaves to turn black. Overwatering, on the other hand, will cause the leaves to rot and turn black. You may mist the plant between waterings or set the pot on a tray filled with pebbles to which you add water.
Seed Starting Guide. Seed Starting A-Z.
Widely planted in California and Australia, Eucalyptus nicholii Narrow-leaved Peppermint is a vigorous evergreen tree adorned with a high spreading crown, ascending branches and deeply furrowed, reddish-brown bark. Rich of a peppermint fragrance when bruised, the narrow, pale blue-green leaves, in. From summer to early fall, abundant umbels of 7 white flowers are produced amongst the foliage. This Eucalyptus makes a lovely specimen or street tree. Not sure which Eucalyptus to pick?
Reading Time: 4 minutes. By Kay Flowers — Peppermint plant uses are endless; this versatile mint does a lot more than make a refreshing drink. Peppermint is indispensable in my herb garden and so vigorous I can pull handfuls up by the roots and it always comes back, as fresh as ever. I did what the gardening books suggested on how to plant peppermint: put it in a five-gallon bucket and plant the entire bucket to keep the invasive roots confined.