Fruit tree care early spring

Fruit tree care early spring

Fruit tree care early spring.

**Prunus avium**

**MULBERRY**

The berries of the black mulberry are a favourite food for birds.

Fruit tree care.

**Prunus cerasifera**

**KAKADU MULBERRY**

One of the best eating species of the shrub family, the fruits, often called bird cherries, are a favourite with thrushes and titmice. They are eaten raw, baked, ground up, and made into preserves.

Shrub, fruit tree, ground cover.

**Prunus persica**

**APPLE, CHERRY, CITRUS, PEAR, PEACH**

The apple and peach fruits, along with the pear, are also good for eating.

Hardy tree. Fruit trees can be planted in a hedgerow, along a wood, or in a wild area.

**Prunus domestica**

**APPLE**

For eating, the apples are a valuable food, even for wild animals. Trees in North America and Britain are much grown and used as pollarding fodder.

Hedgerow and tree care.

**Prunus padus**

**TOBACCO BUSH**

A favourite food for all types of woodpeckers.

Wood, hedgerow, shrub.

**Prunus serotina**

**BULLY MULBERRY**

A favourite food of thrushes, robins, and blackbirds. The fruits have a similar taste to blackberries, and many people use them for this purpose. Birds can be tempted to peck the fruit if a piece of apple is put in the same hole.

Shrub, shrub, fruit tree.

**Prunus subcoriacea**

**HONEYSUCKLE**

A favourite food for thrushes, robins, blackbirds, and wrens.

Large-leaved ornamental, herbaceous.

**Prunus virginiana**

**HIGH MOUNTAIN CRANBERRY**

High in the mountains of North America, these fruits are well known for their sweet taste. Bears love them.

Mountain.

**Prunus virginiana** var. **virginica**

**WILD PINEAPPLE**

Another fruit that bears fruit without human intervention. The name of the fruit reflects its origin, as it appears to originate from wild pines.

Trees, shrub, hedge.

## **A**

### **HONEY**

The sweet substance made by bees from their secretions is a major source of food. Many people have bees around their homes, and they are a source of enjoyment to them. It is possible to keep bees that will produce honey as a source of cash income. The bees produce the honey from their faeces and secretions, which accumulate in a special, honey-producing area, called a comb, situated at the bottom of their hive. The bees remove this honey, which then travels in a tube, or supers, to the honey extractor, located in the hive. Honey is sold in varying grades, and the price is dependent on the quality, colour and size of the comb.

**_Bees:_** ** _A hive consists of a queen, a population of worker bees and drones, wax and honey, and a cluster of honey bee combs. Each bee has a mouth on the side of its head, used to store food. The honey bee does not store honey inside itself, but stores honey in special cells inside the honeycomb. There are several types of honeybee, which, depending on their location in the world, feed on different flowers and plants. In the past, the bee could be collected and taken for honey to use in the winter. However, there are no longer honey harvesters in North America because honey is an expensive product and most wildflowers do not produce much honey. The honey bee is very social, as they live in a close community. Worker bees do not have the ability to fly but they are active in gathering nectar, drawing it through the honey stomach, and then pushing it up to the cells in the honeycomb._**

* * *

**WHERE POSSIBLE**

**MAINTAIN THE HONEY**

**MAINTAIN THE HIVE**

**HAVE A POINT OF VIEW**

**HAVE FUN**

**CONNECT WITH NATURE**

**SUSTAIN THE GROWTH OF NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS**

* * *

**THE HONEY BEES IN THIS CLUSTER ARE MOSTLY WORKERS** , but the queen bee is sometimes in the cluster as well.

# 4

## "What can I do with this

beautiful, rich product?"

BEES WERE VERY PLEASANT

TO COLLECT. IT WAS FUN TO SEE

HOW they used the honey. They used it

in many ways, such as cooking, storing,

using as a glue to keep the walls of the

hives together, as a natural insecticide,

and for the religious rite of

sacrifice.

### HONEY IS A SMOOTH PRODUCT

You'll have noticed a lot of different qualities about honey. It can be a soft sticky substance, or, depending on the source of the nectar, it may be a thicker, sticky, or runny substance. There are several different kinds of honey and they tend to have different properties. There are honeydew honeys and honeys made from different kinds of flowers. There are clover honeys and orange blossom honeys.

There are two important properties of honey: it can be viscous or flowy. _Viscous_ is a word used to describe a product that "gives," where the product flows easily and freely. _Flowy_ is a word used to describe a product that tends to move around. It's quite easy to see the difference between the two: one is a little more viscous than the other.

### THE SCIENCE BEHIND THE HONEY COLORS

The different colors in honey are due to specific combinations of substances that can change depending on how bees change the nectar into honey. There is no one specific color of honey. Every color of honey is a combination of different colors of light. The color of the light that hits the honey changes everything about the flavor of the honey.

### HONEY COLORS

Honey colors come from what we would call compounds. When you get into chemicals and biochemistry, it gets a little confusing and complex. But, for the most part, you'll know what it is that causes a certain color in honey, just like you know what the color of your favorite wine or coffee is.

Honey is a combination of various colors that all come together to produce a single result. Honey is a mixture of substances that include glucose (sugar), fructose (fruit sugar), enzymes (substances that cause chemical changes in a compound), and antioxidants. (Antioxidants are chemicals that are helpful to the body.) Honey is a very complex substance, but just like with wine or coffee, if we put a few of these compounds together, we get a different result.

For a start, there are many different types


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