Space in landscape design

Space in landscape design

Jeavons Landscape Architects design and advocate for sustainable and engaging educational and recreational landscapes for people of all ages and abilities. We also specialise in consultation and engagement and the preparation of play space strategies using our extensive knowledge of play provision across whole municipalities. We are play specialists and are up to date with safety standards and policies for community playgrounds, schools, kindergartens and community centers. We understand the importance of the outdoor environment and its significance to child development and the wellbeing of people of all ages.

  • Key Elements of Landscape Design: Spatial Planning and Tree Layouts
  • The Scope | Designing Public Spaces: Programming for a Changing World
  • Sustainable Landscape Design & Installation.
  • Creating a Night-Time Oasis: Transforming Landscape Design Using Light and Shadow
  • Designing Shared Space
  • Big Tips for Small Space Landscaping
  • 30 Reasons Why Landscape Architecture is More Important Than You Think
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: 7 Principles Of Landscape Design

Key Elements of Landscape Design: Spatial Planning and Tree Layouts

Landscape architecture by definition is the practice of designing the outdoor environment. The American Society of Landscape Architects ASLA provides a detailed explanation of this term, stating that landscape architects have a significant impact on both the natural environment and the people who live in the surrounding communities. Photo courtesy of Bison Innovative Products.

Pop-up plazas, such as this one in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, designed by Seth Gunnerson, provide flexible design options for creating outdoor spaces in urban areas. In designing outdoor spaces, landscape architects can play a vital role in contributing to the development of the health and well-being of communities.

The U. This course will explore the ways in which designers can create attractive and sustainable outdoor environments that meet LEED and SITES criteria while also providing both social and economic benefits for the projects and their surrounding communities. Materials for Designing Outdoor Spaces There are a number of products that provide designers with flexibility in the design of outdoor spaces.

Modular decking and pavement systems provide landscape architects with a variety of surface options for creatively designing outdoor spaces both on the ground and on rooftops. Modular cubes and outdoor structures, such as pergolas, provide opportunities for creating privacy and separation by presenting options for vertically defining outdoor spaces.

On the ground level, modular pavers can be used to define entrances, pathways, parking spaces, sitting spaces, and large open areas. Modular wood elements can be mixed with pavers or used by themselves to create unique aesthetics. Modular cubes provide spaces for plantings in rooftop gardens, decks, or parklets. Modular pergola structures provide opportunities to create outdoor rooms for shade and privacy.

And all of these modular systems can be utilized in the design of rooftop gardens and decks. Surfaces for rooftop and ground-level spaces can be designed using wood, stone, structural porcelain, crushed rock, artificial turf, grating, or concrete to create unique custom looks.

All of these materials can be applied either on a rooftop when utilizing a pedestal support system or over a prepared ground-level subgrade. Photo courtesy of Thermory USA. Thermally modified wood was used in the design of this pool deck for a private residence. Thermally modified white ash, scots pine, and spruce woods are sustainable alternatives to tropical woods or composite products. The wood is harvested responsibly in Northern Europe and the United States from naturally renewable forests, making it a long-lasting alternative to tropical woods without sacrificing durability or dimensional stability.

The wood is responsibly harvested by sourcing from a number of different locations around the world, thus leaving each forest healthy and thriving. This wood is also shipped via water, which is a more fuel-efficient mode of transportation than freight train and nearly 10 times as efficient as trucking.

White ash, scots pine, and spruce woods are chosen as most suitable for the thermal modification process for the following reasons: These are fast-growing species and thus more replaceable. This makes them a more sustainable wood species because they can be harvested responsibly, thus helping to appreciate the existing logging infrastructure as well as reduce carbon footprint.

These wood species yield the best results via the thermal modification process, achieving a Class 1 Durability rating. The thermal modification process uses only heat and steam, creating cellular alterations that occur on both a chemical and cellular level in the wood.

The sugar content and water-absorption capacity of the wood are altered in the thermal medication process, thus modifying both cellulose and hemicellulose cells.

This sequential burning process causes a reaction that creates additional heat within the wood. This thermal modification process uses the steam to control the burning process.

This produces wood boards that are rot resistant for plus years. It also produces wood with greater structural integrity of the fibers and dimensional stability. Aesthetically, it provides a simple, beautiful, timeless wood product that gets better with age. Thermally modified wood goes through an extensive testing process for rot resistance, dimensional stability, termite resistance, strength, formaldehyde content, and fire spread.

This testing ensures wood boards that are durable, and moisture and rot resistant. The process takes anywhere from a week to several months depending on the test. This thermal modification process is very detailed and computer controlled to ensure the same result literally every single time the wood is processed through the testing chamber Only select northern hardwoods from U. However, FSC certification is offered on a case-by-case basis.

This is done on a special-order basis and depends on the product needed and the size of the order and whether the FSC material is available. The FSC woods require a 25 percent price premium and an extra 12—14 week lead time to source the raw material especially for the order.

Some softwoods used in the thermal modification process are certified by the Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification PEFC , a European-based certification system that is not widely known in the U. These softwoods are sourced from Scandinavian forests, which are closely managed and extremely sustainable, but they are not FSC certified.

The walkway decking at Gardens by the Mandalay in Irving, Texas, was designed by Complete Landsculpture and constructed of thermally modified ash. Thermally modified white ash, spruce, and scots pine decking, cladding, and porch flooring offer great versatility to landscape architects. Because of its high durability and low maintenance requirements, thermally modified wood offers great versatility for the design of exterior surfaces whether for porches, outdoor decks, or roof patios, as thermally modified wood can withstand foot traffic as well as harsh weather conditions and still retain its aesthetic character and smooth finish.

Each fiber of the board is modified using the thermal modification process of heat and steam to achieve rot resistance to the core of the board. This provides decking, flooring, and cladding with a Class 1 durability rating. Class 1 durability is a European rating system that rates exterior wood products and their expected lifetime use. Class 1 is the highest possible rating, and it means that without any additional maintenance and with proper installation, the wood would remain resistant of rot for a minimum of 25 years or more.

White ash and spruce are classified as Class 1 durability. Class 2 durability ratings indicate that the wood is resistant to rot for 20 years or more. The scots pine wood is classified as Class 2. Domestic old-growth cedar can be classified as Class 2, although currently harvested cedar is mostly tertiary growth and meets a Class 3 standard, which indicates resistance to rot for 15 years or more.

In addition to durability, thermally modified wood provides a product with a rich, natural color that is not the result of a stain. Left untreated with UV-protectant oil, the boards will slowly age to a platinum grey finish. In addition, each board goes through a milling process that produces an extremely smooth finish, thus eliminating roughness and splinters. Enter Search keywords. Welcome Login. Landscape Architecture: Creating Exterior Spaces. Discuss some of the products and systems that are available for designing exterior plazas, gardens, decks, and roof terraces.

Describe the ways in which outdoor spaces can be designed to benefit human health and wellness. Photo courtesy of Bison Innovative Products Pop-up plazas, such as this one in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, designed by Seth Gunnerson, provide flexible design options for creating outdoor spaces in urban areas. Photo courtesy of Thermory USA Thermally modified wood was used in the design of this pool deck for a private residence.

Subscribe to Architectural Record. Rooftop Deck Systems. Bison Innovative Products www. Endicott Clay Products Company www. Pioneer Landscape Centers www. Skyco Shading Systems www. Thermory USA www. Contact Us.

The Scope | Designing Public Spaces: Programming for a Changing World

PWP joined Michael Arad in the final stage of the Memorial design competition with a mandate from the jury to humanize the scheme without diminishing the abstraction that had established it as a finalist. Visitors will leave the everyday life of the city and enter into a sacred zone defined by a dense forest of oak trees. Above the limbed-up trunks, a canopy of leaves will provided welcome shade in the heat of the summer and seasonal color in the fall. In the winter the sun will cast shadows through a light tracery of bare branches, and in spring, the trees will express the renewal of nature. In this way, the overwhelming losses of September 11th are given permanent presence. Within the protected space of the forest, visitors will arrive at the two great voids with their thundering waterfalls.

Landscape architecture has a major role in this practice, proper organization to the space For the success of any landscape design.

Sustainable Landscape Design & Installation.

Landscape design company dedicated to creating dream outdoor living spaces in Northern Virginia. Custom Landscape Design in Northern Virginia! We are a unique company built on a solid background of landscape design and construction. With a young and driven team, Outdoor Spaces offers innovative and creative design solutions for projects large and small. Contact us today to begin your landscape design process! Award winning designs! We live and work in Northern Virginia. Our award winning designers hold degrees in Landscape Architecture and our installers are true craftsmen who are extensively trained in their field.

Creating a Night-Time Oasis: Transforming Landscape Design Using Light and Shadow

Embracing the challenge of spread-out commercial spaces, the design team crafted a clear landscape program system with a robust theme connecting diverse commercial and residential activities. The team also addressed the threat of a meter long, then-polluted riverfront by making it into the new landmark through remediation and creating a sculptural pedestrian bridge. By realizing the vision of a park-like commercial environment, the design seamlessly interlocking with daily lives of residents, thereby becoming the vessel of a transformed urban expression. The project is a testament that a well-designed open space can uplift the cultural vibrance and commercial success of its context.

Any analysis of urban development will certainly show that the city has undergone numerous transformations, not only from conceptual and ideological perspectives but also in morphologic terms determined by different cultural and social contexts. This does not constitute in itself a negative factor; it is simply a distinct reality, determined by the rhythms of technological, economic, social and demographic changes.


After you decide the form composition of the yard, it's time to focus on the spatial composition. Spatial composition is how trees, shrubs, low-growing plants, hardscapes, built structures, and turf combine to form the walls, floors and ceilings of an outdoor room and influence how a landscape looks and feels. In some ways, designing a functional outdoor room is similar to designing an indoor one, where you choose the ceiling height, architectural elements, the floor and wall coverings, and the texture and color of the finishes. In this case, however, you're using the shape and structure of plants to create intimacy and definition in relation to hardscapes and built structure. The floor can be softly carpeted with grass, groundcover plantings or mulch. Or it can be a hard surface that's covered with paving, decking or concrete.

Designing Shared Space

Southern Parklands Framework provides a strategic, physical, integrated and aspirational design vision for the future role of a green space in a growing and changing Western Sydney. At the heart of the project is a functional wetland which harvests Megalitres of water from the Sturt River for use in irrigation of 30 other open spaces and for groundwater recharge. This project succeeds in creating a transformational parkland that artfully integrates play into the natural landscape. The project makes an important contribution to the city and lives of its residents, lifting the bar for what a regional city centre can offer. Based around the ecology and history of the site, the design proposes a juxtaposition of immersive natural and cultural experiences inspired by the local basalt grassland ecology and the settlers homestead remnants. When you're in the great outdoors, it's easy to succumb to the beauty and scale of the landscape around you. But every now and then, you need some guidance — a light touch on the shoulder to point out something spectacular, or a gentle deviation in a trail to focus your attention on something that could have easily passed you by. Parks and Open Space Projects.

HGTVRemodels' Landscaping Planning Guide and offer tips for considering spatial composition in planning a landscape design.

Big Tips for Small Space Landscaping

And when something is that complex, it must be important, right? Here is a not-so-short list of reasons that show the importance of landscape architecture. The complexity of the profession is divided into six categories in this article, so it will be easier for you to follow all the reasons.

30 Reasons Why Landscape Architecture is More Important Than You Think


The landscape design incorporates four major elements: defining a pedestrian connection, developing safe crossings, protecting an environmentally sensitive area, and establishing clear entry gates. This prototype is a high-performing sustainable floating wetland committed to water quality, habitat diversity, and resiliency within urban aquatic environments. The Science, Engineering, and Technology Building sets the standard for community college science buildings in Maryland. For the landscape master plan, safety and connectivity were the themes.

We were distanced — in line at the grocery store, at restaurant tables, in offices and home offices across the nation — and the outdoors, whether a pop-up patio, a park or a nature trail, have become places where we can unmask and escape. There have been many attempts to speculate what the future of public spaces will look like.

Garden and landscape design is used to enhance the settings for buildings and public areas and in recreational areas and parks. The design of public space can be structured with help of an effective landscape design software. Landscape architects can get a better visualization using the software with virtual objects and 3D effects or can present their ideas in a professional manner. Alos, a landcsape software enables you to estimate the type and quantity of the material required in the construction and estimated costs relating to it. Download the day free trial version of Edificius , the BIM software for landscape architecture and garden design.

Landscape design today integrates a wide variety of elements to achieve functional and beautiful spaces for outdoor living. Professional landscape designers offer a broad range of planning and design services tailored to a spectrum of client needs. By engaging the services of a landscape designer, outstanding design solutions can be developed while avoiding costly mistakes and unnecessary confusion.

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