Family tree plant health care

Family tree plant health care

Family tree plant health care

This article is about the treatment of plants, usually trees, in a home or garden. For the meaning of the term as it applies to soil biology, agriculture, or plant pathology, see Fruiting body.

Family tree plant health care includes maintaining the health of trees, shrubs, and other perennials by providing necessary nutrients, environmental control, and stress relief to the plants.

Warm water encourages roots and encourages the circulation of sap, which brings the needed nutrients to the leaves.

Plants in pots and urns need more frequent care than those in the ground or in containers. In a potting mix of sphagnum peat moss or coir, and perlite or vermiculite, you will need to water your container plants with a high-percentage mix at first. Only add your water-retention materials to the mix after it has thoroughly absorbed water to keep it from washing out.

Avoid using all-purpose fertilizers for container plants, these fertilizers tend to wash out and may even cause the plant's roots to rot. All-purpose fertilizers may contain nitrogen or phosphorus, which are used up quickly and must be replaced periodically to prevent nitrogen or phosphorus deficiency. Do not use soil-conditioning materials containing ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate. A high-quality fertilizer, such as "Tree Tablets" and "Tree Fertilizer Tabs", which contains potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen in a slow-release form, is a better choice for tree and shrub health. Fertilizers with a pH of 6.0 or higher encourage good plant growth. In general, the use of fertilizer is beneficial in healthy, established plants. If a plant is weak and you do not expect improvement, the use of fertilizer can harm the plant.

After several years of watering, many plants are less likely to require fertilizer. Many studies indicate that there is a biological limit to the amount of nutrients that can be supplied to plants in this way and that it is better to feed plants with a fertilizer only after they show evidence of nutrient deficiency. This is an example of "building up to a point".

If a tree is in a pot and not planted in the ground, it must be dug up in the spring to allow for the expansion of its roots and to eliminate the possibility of roots growing in non-digestible materials that will harm the tree's health. The area around the root ball should be kept clean and free of material that may decompose and prevent the growth of the new roots. The tree should be kept in a well-ventilated, airy location during the summer months to facilitate the formation of new root buds.

See the entry for Potted plants for general information on maintaining and caring for potted plants.

Fertilizing

The health of plants can be maintained by fertilizing, which increases the yield of fruit or other crop. The goal of fertilization is to ensure the supply of nutrients the plant needs. Plants take up nutrients with their roots, which transport them throughout the plant. If the nutrient level is too low, the plant cannot maintain growth and healthy growth is prevented. Fertilizing not only feeds the plant, but also boosts its vigor, meaning the plant's potential for growth, which will be exhibited in spring as new growth emerges.

If the plant's roots are restricted and damaged, it is in greater need of nutrients, so fertilizing in this case may help the plant to recover. However, over-fertilizing can harm the plant and increase its susceptibility to disease, making it more vulnerable to insects and other pests.

Fertilizing requires the correct nutrients, plus moisture to properly hydrate the soil. A fertilizer which is too concentrated for the soil is referred to as a slug pellet or just slug, while one which is too diluted is too slow acting or slow-release. If a fertilizer has more nutrients than the soil can hold, it will migrate to the surface, where the rain will wash the surplus out of the soil, leaching the nutrients into water supplies or the storm drains. If fertilizer in the soil does not help a plant grow, the plant may be deficient in a nutrient, although it may be well supplied with the other nutrients in its diet.

Plant trees in particular need fertilization, especially with nitrogen. Nitrogen is needed for leaves, buds, and fruit. Many gardeners will fertilize their plants monthly, or weekly, or only once every few months, depending on the kind of plants and the conditions they are in. Plants grow better when they receive more food, so the greater their need, the more often they require fertilization.

The three basic nutrients, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, are found in different quantities in fertilizers and make up the three primary macronutrients of plant food. Nitrogen is the primary constituent of protein, phosphorus is the primary constituent of carbohydrates, and potassium is the primary constituent of electrolytes. However, plants absorb nitrogen in all forms, including ammonia and ammonium nitrate, so fertilizers are often complex, containing more than one of these nutrients. Nitrogen is often the limiting nutrient in many nutrient-poor soils, because it can be more easily lost to the atmosphere through volatilization than other nutrients. Fertilizers are generally derived from manures, such as urine, manure, or blood meal, which can be applied directly or mixed into the soil.

Fertilizers are often sold in small bags


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